XpandGUI for MariaDB Xpand


There are five (5) main sections of the Xpand GUI.

Starting with MariaDB Xpand 6.1, XpandGUI is deprecated and will be removed in a future release. Alternatives to XpandGUI include:

Help Menu (Footer)

The help menu is provided in the footer.

Accessing XpandGUI

Access the XpandGUI by typing the ip or hostname of one of your nodes into a web browser. For non-root installations, include port 8080. Chrome is recommended.

When logging in for the first time, provide the following temporary credentials:

  • Email: noreply@mariadb.com

  • Password: mariadb

  • Target: hostname or IP address of any node in your cluster

Xpand strongly recommends that you create a new user and delete the noreply@mariadb.com user. To create a new user, access the "Manage Users" in the upper right corner of any page by clicking on

For additional information, see "Managing Users with XpandGUI for MariaDB Xpand".

Health Dashboard

The 'Health Dashboard' is designed to give a quick high-level overview of database cluster health and activity. There are 24-hour sparkline graphs of six main cluster attributes: Transactions per second, CPU utilization, Rebalancer status, In-memory table utilization, Storage, and Read and Write latencies. These graphs are shown in green, yellow, or red depending on how they compare to threshold levels. Visual Alerts are displayed for attributes which are outside normal ranges. All data is polled and updated every 5 seconds.

Health Dashboard Tabs


The TPS section displays the number of database transactions per second across all nodes, including sections for:

  • Current transaction execution times, broken down by execution time

  • Current transactions per second by node

  • Transactions per second in the last 24 hours (5 minute intervals)

You can select whether to display transactions or queries per second.


The CPU section: displays Average CPU utilization across all the database nodes in the cluster including:

  • CPU usage breakdown

  • Current CPU usage by node, which can be used to identify imbalances

  • CPU usage over the last 24 hours


The rebalancer section displays the number and type of current rebalancer actions, as well as a history of recent actions, and actions over the previous 24 hours. If the cluster is underprotected, the Rebalancer health will reflect that.

Memory Utilization

The memory section provides information on how memory is used, including for In-Memory tables.

  • The current memory allocations for In-Memory Tables, Buffer Manager, Working Memory, Reserve, OS + Other Apps, and Free

  • Current memory utilization per node

  • The graph at the bottom shows the percent utilization of memory by type over 24 hour period, in 5 minute intervals


The Storage section displays how storage is being consumed across the active nodes in the cluster, including the following:

  • User: Amount of User space

  • Undo: Amount of Undo log

  • Binlog: Amount of storage used by replication binlog(s)

  • System: Amount of storage used by system processes

  • Free: Amount of free space in the cluster

This section also includes a breakdown of "Storage by node" and displays the "Storage allocation in the last 24 hours." These are useful for identifying uneven or "lumpy" distributions in data or recent changes to storage.


  • "Latency over the last 24 hours": Displays the query read and write latencies (two-color chart) over the last 24 hours in 5 minute intervals

  • "Read Latency" The current average read latency of the cluster

  • "Write Latency" The current average write latency of the cluster


The Queries tab has two distinct views that show Current and Recent Queries.

Current Queries

The Current Queries view displays all currently executing queries and queries that have completed within the last second. By default, this view is auto-refreshed every 5 seconds but can also be paused. If you navigate away from the Current Queries view, auto-refresh will resume.

The following metrics are displayed:

  • Status: Query status

  • Query Statements: Displays the query statement, up to two lines. Click 'Show More' to display the full Query

  • Age: How long the query has been executing

  • Database: The database the query is being run on

  • Session ID: The ID of the session the in which query was run

  • Transaction ID: The ID of the transaction in which the query was run

  • Source IP: The IP address of the machine on which the query was run

  • Username: The Xpand username of the user under which the query was run

Current Queries can be filtered via the Query Filters in the left pane or by entering text into the 'Filter by text' field.


Queries shown in the 'Current' Queries view will be removed as they complete, and subsequently can be found on the 'Recent' page.


The 'Recent' Queries view displays all the queries which have been recently completed, along with the following metrics:

  • Exec Count: The number of times the query was executed

  • Avg Exec Time: The average amount of time each iteration of the query took to execute

  • Query Statements: Displays the query statement, up to two lines. Click 'Show More' to display the full Query.

  • Avg Rows Read: The average number of rows read by each iteration of the associated query

  • Avg Rows Written: The average number of rows written by each iteration of the associated query

  • Avg Rows Output: The average number of rows output by each iteration of the associated query

  • Database: The database on which the query executed

Recent Queries can be filtered via the Query Filters in the left pane or by entering text into the 'Filter by text' field.


The 'Graphs' tab displays important database attributes over a user-specified interval. There are predefined collections of graphs for Diagnostic (Xpand Specifics), Health, Locks, Performance, Queries and Rows, Replication, Sessions and Transactions, and Storage. You can also define custom collections.

The default interval is 24 hours, but can be range from 15 minutes to 7 days. Choose an interval width on the data selector, or the top ruler (using the left/right cursors) by dragging that selected interval across the date range. Refresh the screen to go back to the default time frame.

  • Moving the cursor back and forth over a graph creates a vertical 'needle' which displays the attributes (on the left) for each visible graph at that time-stamp. All the graphs are aligned by timestamp, to aid in point-in-time analysis.

  • Single-click to place a vertical 'needle' for comparison purposes with the (moving) needle under the mouse

  • There are 2 ways to zoom in on Graphs

    • Zoom into the x-axis (time) of all of the visible graphs by clicking inside a graph and dragging horizontally across the graph, you will see a vertical column highlighting the area (time frame) you wish to zoom in on.

    • Zoom into the y-axis of a particular graph by clicking in a graph and dragging vertically on a graph. You will see a horizontal bar across the screen highlighting the area of the y-axis that will be zoomed in on.

    • Double-click the graph to reset the zoom level to normal, you may need to double click several times if you have done many zooms. You may also go to a different tab and return to the Graphs tab.


The Compare tab allows users to compare two sets of database attributes at two different points in time. The default attributes are CPU min/max/average, and query latency. The other attributes are shown in the drop-down below.

The left-side list of values is displayed on the left-side Y-axis, and the right-side list of values is displayed on the right-side Y-axis. The horizontal axis (time) is displayed and adjusted via the Rulers at the top of the page

  • The queries occurring at the timestamp selected is displayed under the associated needle. Thus, the left-side 'Query Statements' occurred at the point-in-time where the left needle is currently placed

  • The following fields are displayed in the two Query Statement views:

    • Database: The database on which the query executed

    • Query Statements: Displays the query statement, up to two lines. Click 'Show More' to display the full Query

    • Rows Read: The amount of rows read by the associated query

  • Each of the Query Statement views can be filtered via partial-entry text in its associated 'Filter Queries' box

  • The attributes being compared are selected from a drop down on the right and left sides of the screen


The Flex page displays all the nodes and node statuses of the current cluster. It also allows the cluster to be expanded and reduced in size.


XpandGUI includes an option to "Drop this node", which simply marks the node as softfailed. For additional instructions on modifying your cluster size, see "Scale-Out with MariaDB Xpand" and "Scale-In with MariaDB Xpand".