Step 1: Prepare Systems for Enterprise ColumnStore 6 Nodes

Overview

This page details step 1 of a 5-step procedure for deploying Single-Node Enterprise ColumnStore 6 with Object storage.

This step prepares the system to host MariaDB Enterprise Server 10.6 and MariaDB Enterprise ColumnStore 6.

Interactive commands are detailed. Alternatively, the described operations can be performed using automation.

Optimize Linux Kernel Parameters

MariaDB Enterprise ColumnStore performs best with Linux kernel optimizations.

To optimize the kernel:

  1. Set the relevant kernel parameters in a sysctl configuration file. To ensure proper change management, use an Enterprise ColumnStore-specific configuration file.

    Create a /etc/sysctl.d/90-mariadb-enterprise-columnstore.conf file:

    # minimize swapping
    vm.swappiness = 1
    
    # Increase the TCP max buffer size
    net.core.rmem_max = 16777216
    net.core.wmem_max = 16777216
    
    # Increase the TCP buffer limits
    # min, default, and max number of bytes to use
    net.ipv4.tcp_rmem = 4096 87380 16777216
    net.ipv4.tcp_wmem = 4096 65536 16777216
    
    # don't cache ssthresh from previous connection
    net.ipv4.tcp_no_metrics_save = 1
    
    # for 1 GigE, increase this to 2500
    # for 10 GigE, increase this to 30000
    net.core.netdev_max_backlog = 2500
    
  2. Use the sysctl command to set the kernel parameters at runtime

    $ sudo sysctl --load=/etc/sysctl.d/90-mariadb-enterprise-columnstore.conf
    

Temporarily Configure Linux Security Modules (LSM)

The Linux Security Modules (LSM) should be temporarily disabled on each Enterprise ColumnStore node during installation.

The LSM will be configured and re-enabled later in this deployment procedure.

The steps to disable the LSM depend on the specific LSM used by the operating system.

CentOS/RHEL/SLES Stop SELinux

SELinux must be set to permissive mode before installing MariaDB Enterprise ColumnStore.

To set SELinux to permissive mode:

  1. Set SELinux to permissive mode:

    $ sudo setenforce permissive
    
  2. Set SELinux to permissive mode by setting SELINUX=permissive in /etc/selinux/config.

    For example, the file will usually look like this after the change:

    # This file controls the state of SELinux on the system.
    # SELINUX= can take one of these three values:
    #     enforcing - SELinux security policy is enforced.
    #     permissive - SELinux prints warnings instead of enforcing.
    #     disabled - No SELinux policy is loaded.
    SELINUX=permissive
    # SELINUXTYPE= can take one of three values:
    #     targeted - Targeted processes are protected,
    #     minimum - Modification of targeted policy. Only selected processes are protected.
    #     mls - Multi Level Security protection.
    SELINUXTYPE=targeted
    
  3. Confirm that SELinux is in permissive mode:

    $ sudo getenforce
    Permissive
    

SELinux will be configured and re-enabled later in this deployment procedure. This configuration is not persistent. If you restart the server before configuring and re-enabling SELinux later in the deployment procedure, you must reset the enforcement to permissive mode.

Debian/Ubuntu AppArmor

AppArmor must be disabled before installing MariaDB Enterprise ColumnStore.

  1. Disable AppArmor:

    $ sudo systemctl disable apparmor
    
  2. Reboot the system.

  3. Confirm that no AppArmor profiles are loaded using aa-status:

    $ sudo aa-status
    
    apparmor module is loaded.
    0 profiles are loaded.
    0 profiles are in enforce mode.
    0 profiles are in complain mode.
    0 processes have profiles defined.
    0 processes are in enforce mode.
    0 processes are in complain mode.
    0 processes are unconfined but have a profile defined.
    

AppArmor will be configured and re-enabled later in this deployment procedure.

Configure Character Encoding

When using MariaDB Enterprise ColumnStore, it is recommended to set the system's locale to UTF-8.

  1. On RHEL 8 and CentOS 8, install additional dependencies:

    $ sudo yum install glibc-locale-source glibc-langpack-en
    
  2. Set the system's locale to en_US.UTF-8 by executing localedef:

    $ sudo localedef -i en_US -f UTF-8 en_US.UTF-8
    

Create an S3 Bucket

If you want to use S3-compatible storage, it is important to create the S3 bucket before you start ColumnStore.

If you already have an S3 bucket, confirm that the bucket is empty.

S3 bucket configuration will be performed later in this procedure.