CMAPI for MariaDB Enterprise ColumnStore 1.5

CMAPI is a REST API for administering MariaDB Enterprise ColumnStore 1.5 in multi-node topologies.

Reference material is available for MariaDB Enterprise ColumnStore 1.5.

MariaDB Enterprise ColumnStore 1.5 is included with MariaDB Enterprise Server.

Clients

CMAPI is a REST API, so it should be compatible with most standard REST clients.

CMAPI examples throughout the documentation use curl as the REST client. The examples also pipe the JSON output to jq for enhanced readability.

Endpoint

The endpoint for CMAPI contains the hostname and port for the primary node running Enterprise ColumnStore 1.5, /cmapi/, the CMAPI API version (0.4.0), and a action-specific endpoint path.

Example: https://mcs1:8640/cmapi/0.4.0/cluster/node

Endpoint Paths

Endpoint Path

Method

Action

mode-set

PUT

Sets all ColumnStore nodes to read-only or read-write

node

DELETE

Removes a ColumnStore node

node

PUT

Adds a ColumnStore node

shutdown

PUT

Shuts down ColumnStore on all nodes

start

PUT

Starts ColumnStore on all nodes

status

GET

Checks the status of ColumnStore

Method and required data vary by CMAPI endpoint path.

Required Headers

Header

Description

Content-Type

Set to application/json

x-api-key

Set to the API key configured for CMAPI. Calls using the incorrect keys are rejected.

Authentication

Authentication is performed via an API key, which performs the role of a shared secret. The API key is passed to the API using the x-api-key header.

The API key is stored in /etc/columnstore/cmapi_server.conf.

Generate an API Key

The API key is a shared secret that can be used to add nodes to multi-node Enterprise ColumnStore 1.5. The API key can be any string, but it is recommended to use a long, random string. The API key should be stored securely and kept confidential.

For example, to create a random 256-bit API key using openssl rand:

$ openssl rand -hex 32
93816fa66cc2d8c224e62275bd4f248234dd4947b68d4af2b29671dd7d5532dd

Set the API Key

To set the API key for the first time, provide the desired API key when you add the first node using the node PUT command. Since Enterprise ColumnStore 1.5 does not yet have an API key, CMAPI will write the first API key it receives to /etc/columnstore/cmapi_server.conf.

For example, if the primary server's host name is mcs1 and its IP address is 192.0.2.1, the following command will add the primary server to Enterprise ColumnStore 1.5 and write the provided API key to the node's CMAPI configuration file:

$ curl -k -s -X PUT https://mcs1:8640/cmapi/0.4.0/cluster/node \
   --header 'Content-Type:application/json' \
   --header 'x-api-key:93816fa66cc2d8c224e62275bd4f248234dd4947b68d4af2b29671dd7d5532dd' \
   --data '{"timeout":120, "node": "192.0.2.1"}' \
   | jq .

Change the API Key

To change the API key in multi-node Enterprise ColumnStore 1.5, change it in the CMAPI configuration file on each node located at /etc/columnstore/cmapi_server.conf. The CMAPI server must be restarted on each node for the changes to be applied.

Restart the CMAPI server by running the following command on each node:

$ sudo systemctl restart mariadb-columnstore-cmapi

CMAPI Service Management

The systemctl command is used to start and stop the CMAPI service.

Operation

Command

Status

systemctl status mariadb-columnstore-cmapi

Start

systemctl start mariadb-columnstore-cmapi

Stop

systemctl stop mariadb-columnstore-cmapi

Restart

systemctl restart mariadb-columnstore-cmapi

Enable startup

systemctl enable mariadb-columnstore-cmapi

Disable startup

systemctl disable mariadb-columnstore-cmapi

View systemd journal

journalctl -u mariadb-columnstore-cmapi

Configuration

The CMAPI configuration file is located at /etc/columnstore/cmapi_server.conf.

To change the configuration:

  • Modify the configuration file on each node

  • Restart the CMAPI server on each node:

    $ sudo systemctl restart mariadb-columnstore-cmapi
    

Logging

Starting with Enterprise ColumnStore 5.5.2, the CMAPI logs can be found at /var/log/mariadb/columnstore/cmapi_server.log.

In previous versions, CMAPI's log messages can be viewed in the systemd journal:

$ sudo journalctl -u mariadb-columnstore-cmapi

CMAPI Responses

CMAPI responds to client requests with standard HTTP response messages.

Status Line

The first part of the standard HTTP response message is the status line. To determine if your request was successful, check the status code and the reason phrase from the status line.

Status Code

Reason Phrase

Outcome

200

OK

Successful

200 < x < 300

Varies

Possibly successful

300 <= x < 400

Varies

Request redirected

400 <= x < 500

Varies

Client-side error Check endpoint, API key, and JSON data

500 <= x < 600

Varies

Server-side error Contact support

Please consult the HTTP standard to see the full list of status codes and their descriptions.

Headers

The second part of the standard HTTP response message is the HTTP headers. To determine what kind of message body is in the response message, check the Content-Type header field.

Outcome

Content-Type

Success

application/json

Failure

Undefined Depends on specific failure

Body

The final part of the standard HTTP response message is the body.

Outcome

Body

Success

JSON Data

Failure

Undefined Depends on specific failure