Default Database User Accounts for MariaDB Xpand


MariaDB Xpand relies on several database user accounts which are automatically created during the installation process.

Default Database Users

MariaDB Xpand creates the following database user accounts by default during the installation process:

Database User



Intended for database administration.


Used by the xpand OS user account to manage the MariaDB Xpand processes. This user will not be created if Xpand is configured to run as root.


Used by the xpandm OS user account for administrative tasks, such as running the clx command. This user will not be created if Xpand is configured to run as root.


Use by the Replication slave process. Login is not possible for this user regardless of whether a password is set.


Used by MariaDB Support and internal processes.


Used by MariaDB Support and internal processes.

These users must not be removed.

Secure Default Database Users

Xpand creates an initial 'root'@'' account. This is a superuser and if there is no password, any user can connect with no password and perform all operations. Xpand strongly recommends setting a root password.

To see which users may not have passwords:

sql> SELECT username, host, hex(password) from system.users;

Custom Management User

Xpand requires a management user for certain tasks, such as for running the clx command. The xpandm user account is the default management user. However, you can also create a custom management user.

To create a custom management user:

  1. Create the OS user account with the custom name.

  2. Create a database user account for the custom management user (see below).

  3. Configure SSH for the custom management user.

Create a Database User

If you want to use a custom management user, you need to create a database user account for it. The database user should have sufficient privileges to connect to Xpand via Unix domain socket.

This action is performed on one Xpand node.

To create a database user account if your custom management user is named xpand_dba:

  1. Connect to Xpand:

    $ mysql --user=root --password
  2. Create the xpand_dba database user account:

    CREATE USER xpand_dba@localhost
       IDENTIFIED BY 'xpand_user_passwd';

    Passwords should meet your organization's password policies.

  3. Grant the xpand_dba database user account the proper privileges:

    GRANT ALL ON *.*
       TO xpand_dba@localhost;