Building MariaDB on Debian

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In the event that you are using the Linux-based operating system Debian or any of its direct derivatives and would like to compile MariaDB from source code, you can do so using the MariaDB source repository for the release that interests you. For Ubuntu and its derivatives, see Building on Ubuntu.

Before you begin, install the software-properties-common and devscripts packages:

$ sudo apt-get install -y software-properties-common \

Installing Build Dependencies

MariaDB requires a number of packages to compile from source. Fortunately, you can use the MariaDB repositories to retrieve the necessary code for the version you want. Use the Repository Configuration tool to determine how to set up the MariaDB repository for your release of Debian, the version of MariaDB that you want to install, and the mirror that you want to use.

First add the authentication key for the repository, then add the repository.

$ sudo apt-key adv --recv-keys \
      --keyserver hkp:// \
$ sudo add-apt-repository 'deb [arch=amd64] stretch main'

The second command added text to the /etc/apt/sources.list file. One of these lines is the repository containing binary packages for MariaDB, the other contains the source packages. The line for the source packages is commented out by default. This can be scripted:

sed -e '/^# deb-src.*mariadb/s/^# //' -i /etc/apt/sources.list

Alternately, open the file using your preferred text editor and uncomment the source repository.

$ sudo vim /etc/apt/sources.list

deb [arch=amd64] stretch main
deb-src [arch=amd64] stretch main

Once the repository is set up, you can use apt-get to retrieve the build dependencies. MariaDB packages supplied by Ubuntu and packages supplied by the MariaDB repository have the same base name of mariadb-server. You need to specify the specific version you want to retrieve.

$ sudo apt-get update
$ sudo apt-get build-dep -y mariadb-server-10.3

Building MariaDB

Once you have the base dependencies installed, you can retrieve the source code and start building MariaDB. The source code is available on GitHub. Use the --branch option to specify the particular version of MariaDB you want to build.

$ git clone --branch 10.3

The source code includes scripts to install the remaining build dependencies. For Ubuntu, they're located in the debian/ directory. Navigate into the repository and run the script. Then use

$ export DEB_BUILD_OPTIONS=parallel=$(nproc)
$ cd server/
$ ./debian/

After Building

After building the packages, it is a good idea to put them in a repository. See the Creating a Debian Repository page for instructions.


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