IN

Syntax

expr IN (value,...)

Description

Returns 1 if expr is equal to any of the values in the IN list, else returns 0. If all values are constants, they are evaluated according to the type of expr and sorted. The search for the item then is done using a binary search. This means IN is very quick if the IN value list consists entirely of constants. Otherwise, type conversion takes place according to the rules described at Type Conversion, but applied to all the arguments.

If expr is NULL, IN always returns NULL. If at least one of the values in the list is NULL, and one of the comparisons is true, the result is 1. If at least one of the values in the list is NULL and none of the comparisons is true, the result is NULL.

Examples

SELECT 2 IN (0,3,5,7);
+----------------+
| 2 IN (0,3,5,7) |
+----------------+
|              0 |
+----------------+
SELECT 'wefwf' IN ('wee','wefwf','weg');
+----------------------------------+
| 'wefwf' IN ('wee','wefwf','weg') |
+----------------------------------+
|                                1 |
+----------------------------------+ 

Type conversion:

SELECT 1 IN ('1', '2', '3');
+----------------------+
| 1 IN ('1', '2', '3') |
+----------------------+
|                    1 |
+----------------------+
SELECT NULL IN (1, 2, 3);
+-------------------+
| NULL IN (1, 2, 3) |
+-------------------+
|              NULL |
+-------------------+

MariaDB [(none)]> SELECT 1 IN (1, 2, NULL);
+-------------------+
| 1 IN (1, 2, NULL) |
+-------------------+
|                 1 |
+-------------------+

MariaDB [(none)]> SELECT 5 IN (1, 2, NULL);
+-------------------+
| 5 IN (1, 2, NULL) |
+-------------------+
|              NULL |
+-------------------+

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