If a query uses a derived table (or a view), the first action that the query optimizer will attempt is to apply the derived-table-merge-optimization and merge the derived table into its parent select. However, that optimization is only applicable when the select inside the derived table has a join as the top-level operation. If it has a GROUP-BY, DISTINCT, or uses window functions, then derived-table-merge-optimization is not applicable.

In that case, the Condition Pushdown optimization is applicable.

Introduction to Condition Pushdown

Consider an example

create view OCT_TOTALS as
select
  customer_id,
  SUM(amount) as TOTAL_AMT
from orders
where  order_date BETWEEN '2017-10-01' and '2017-10-31'
group by customer_id;

select * from OCT_TOTALS where customer_id=1

The naive way to execute the above is to

  1. Compute the OCT_TOTALS contents (for all customers).
  2. The, select the line with customer_id=1

This is obviously inefficient, if there are 1000 customers, then one will be doing up to 1000 times more work than necessary.

However, the optimizer can take the condition customer_id=1 and push it down into the OCT_TOTALS view.

(TODO: elaborate here)

Condition Pushdown Properties

  • Condition Pushdown has been available since MariaDB 10.2.
  • The Jira task for it was MDEV-9197.
  • The optimization is enabled by default. One can disable it by setting @@optimizer_switch flag condition_pushdown_for_derived to OFF.

See Also

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