COUNT

Syntax

COUNT(expr)

Description

Returns a count of the number of non-NULL values of expr in the rows retrieved by a SELECT statement. The result is a BIGINT value. It is an aggregate function, and so can be used with the GROUP BY clause.

COUNT(*) counts the total number of rows in a table.

COUNT() returns 0 if there were no matching rows.

From MariaDB 10.2.0, COUNT() can be used as a window function.

Examples

CREATE TABLE student (name CHAR(10), test CHAR(10), score TINYINT); 

INSERT INTO student VALUES 
  ('Chun', 'SQL', 75), ('Chun', 'Tuning', 73), 
  ('Esben', 'SQL', 43), ('Esben', 'Tuning', 31), 
  ('Kaolin', 'SQL', 56), ('Kaolin', 'Tuning', 88), 
  ('Tatiana', 'SQL', 87), ('Tatiana', 'Tuning', 83);

SELECT COUNT(*) FROM student;
+----------+
| COUNT(*) |
+----------+
|        8 |
+----------+

COUNT(DISTINCT) example:

SELECT COUNT(DISTINCT (name)) FROM student;
+------------------------+
| COUNT(DISTINCT (name)) |
+------------------------+
|                      4 |
+------------------------+

As a window function

CREATE OR REPLACE TABLE student_test (name CHAR(10), test CHAR(10), score TINYINT);

INSERT INTO student_test VALUES 
    ('Chun', 'SQL', 75), ('Chun', 'Tuning', 73), 
    ('Esben', 'SQL', 43), ('Esben', 'Tuning', 31), 
    ('Kaolin', 'SQL', 56), ('Kaolin', 'Tuning', 88), 
    ('Tatiana', 'SQL', 87);

SELECT name, test, score, COUNT(score) OVER (PARTITION BY name) 
    AS tests_written FROM student_test;
+---------+--------+-------+---------------+
| name    | test   | score | tests_written |
+---------+--------+-------+---------------+
| Chun    | SQL    |    75 |             2 |
| Chun    | Tuning |    73 |             2 |
| Esben   | SQL    |    43 |             2 |
| Esben   | Tuning |    31 |             2 |
| Kaolin  | SQL    |    56 |             2 |
| Kaolin  | Tuning |    88 |             2 |
| Tatiana | SQL    |    87 |             1 |
+---------+--------+-------+---------------+

See Also

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