DATE_ADD

Syntax

DATE_ADD(date,INTERVAL expr unit)

Description

Performs date arithmetic. The date argument specifies the starting date or datetime value. expr is an expression specifying the interval value to be added or subtracted from the starting date. expr is a string; it may start with a "-" for negative intervals. unit is a keyword indicating the units in which the expression should be interpreted. See Date and Time Units for a complete list of permitted units.

See also DATE_SUB().

Examples

SELECT '2008-12-31 23:59:59' + INTERVAL 1 SECOND;
+-------------------------------------------+
| '2008-12-31 23:59:59' + INTERVAL 1 SECOND |
+-------------------------------------------+
| 2009-01-01 00:00:00                       |
+-------------------------------------------+
SELECT INTERVAL 1 DAY + '2008-12-31';
+-------------------------------+
| INTERVAL 1 DAY + '2008-12-31' |
+-------------------------------+
| 2009-01-01                    |
+-------------------------------+
SELECT '2005-01-01' - INTERVAL 1 SECOND;
+----------------------------------+
| '2005-01-01' - INTERVAL 1 SECOND |
+----------------------------------+
| 2004-12-31 23:59:59              |
+----------------------------------+
SELECT DATE_ADD('2000-12-31 23:59:59', INTERVAL 1 SECOND);
+----------------------------------------------------+
| DATE_ADD('2000-12-31 23:59:59', INTERVAL 1 SECOND) |
+----------------------------------------------------+
| 2001-01-01 00:00:00                                |
+----------------------------------------------------+
SELECT DATE_ADD('2010-12-31 23:59:59', INTERVAL 1 DAY);
+-------------------------------------------------+
| DATE_ADD('2010-12-31 23:59:59', INTERVAL 1 DAY) |
+-------------------------------------------------+
| 2011-01-01 23:59:59                             |
+-------------------------------------------------+
SELECT DATE_ADD('2100-12-31 23:59:59', INTERVAL '1:1' MINUTE_SECOND);
+---------------------------------------------------------------+
| DATE_ADD('2100-12-31 23:59:59', INTERVAL '1:1' MINUTE_SECOND) |
+---------------------------------------------------------------+
| 2101-01-01 00:01:00                                           |
+---------------------------------------------------------------+
SELECT DATE_ADD('1900-01-01 00:00:00', INTERVAL '-1 10' DAY_HOUR);
+------------------------------------------------------------+
| DATE_ADD('1900-01-01 00:00:00', INTERVAL '-1 10' DAY_HOUR) |
+------------------------------------------------------------+
| 1899-12-30 14:00:00                                        |
+------------------------------------------------------------+
SELECT DATE_ADD('1992-12-31 23:59:59.000002', INTERVAL '1.999999' SECOND_MICROSECOND);
+--------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| DATE_ADD('1992-12-31 23:59:59.000002', INTERVAL '1.999999' SECOND_MICROSECOND) |
+--------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| 1993-01-01 00:00:01.000001                                                     |
+--------------------------------------------------------------------------------+

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