Generic Build Instructions

The instructions on this page will help you compile MariaDB from source. Links to more complete instructions for specific platforms can be found on the source page.

First, get a copy of the MariaDB source.

Next, prepare your system to be able to compile the source.

If you don't want to run MariaDB as yourself, then you should create a mysql user. The example below uses this user.

Using cmake

MariaDB 5.5 and above is compiled using cmake.

It is recommended to create a build directory beside your source directory

mkdir build-mariadb
cd build-mariadb

You can configure your build simply by running cmake without any special options, like

cmake ../server

where server is where you installed MariaDB. If you are building in the source directory, just omit ../server.

If you want it to be configured exactly as a normal MariaDB server release is built, use

cmake ../server -DBUILD_CONFIG=mysql_release

This will configure the build to generate binary tarballs similar to release tarballs from downloads.mariadb.org. Unfortunately this doesn't work on old platforms, like OpenSuse Leap 15.0, because MariaDB binary tarballs are built to minimize external dependencies, and that needs static libraries that might not be provided by the platform by default, and would need to be installed manually.

To do a build suitable for debugging use:

cmake ../server -DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=Debug

All cmake configuration options for MariaDB can be displayed with:

cmake ../server -LH

To build and install MariaDB after running cmake use

make
sudo make install

If the commands above fail, you can enable more compilation information by doing:

make VERBOSE=1

If you want to generate a binary tarball, run

make package

Using BUILD Scripts

There are also BUILD scripts for the most common systems for those that doesn't want to dig into cmake options. These are optimized for in source builds.

The scripts are of type 'compile-#cpu#-how_to_build'. Some common scripts-are

ScriptDescription
compile-pentium64 Compile an optimized binary optimized for 64 bit pentium (works also for amd64)
compile-pentium-debugCompile a debug binary optimized for 64 bit pentium
compile-pentium-valgrind-max Compile a debug binary that can be used with valgrind to find wrong memory accesses and memory leaks. Should be used if one want's to run the mysql-test-run test suite with the --valgrind option

Some common suffixes used for the scripts:

SuffixDescription
32 Compile for 32 bit cpu's
64Compile for 64 bit cpu's
-maxEnable (almost) all features and plugins that MariaDB supports
-gprofbinary is compiled with profiling (gcc --pg)
-gcovbinary is compiled with code coverage (gcc -fprofile-arcs -ftest-coverage)
-valgrindThe binary is compiled for debugging and optimized to be used with valgrind.
-debug The binary is compiled with all symbols (gcc -g) and the DBUG log system is enabled.

All BUILD scripts support the following options:

SuffixDescription
-h, --helpShow this help message.
-n, --just-printDon't actually run any commands; just print them.
-c, --just-configureStop after running configure. Combined with --just-print shows configure options.
--extra-configs=xxxAdd this to configure options
--extra-flags=xxxAdd this C and CXX flags
--extra-cflags=xxxAdd this to C flags
--extra-cxxflags=xxxAdd this to CXX flags
--verbosePrint out full compile lines
--with-debug=fullBuild with full debug(no optimizations, keep call stack).

A typical compilation used by a developer would be:

shell> ./BUILD/compile-pentium64-debug

This configures the source for debugging and runs make. The server binary will be sql/mysqld.

Starting MariaDB for the First Time

After installing MariaDB (using sudo make install), but prior to starting MariaDB for the first time, one should:

  1. ensure the directory where you installed MariaDB is owned by the mysql user (if the user doesn't exist, you'll need to create it)
  2. run the mysql_install_db script to generate the needed system tables

Here is an example:

# The following assumes that the 'mysql' user exists and that we installed MariaDB
# in /usr/local/mysql
chown -R mysql /usr/local/mysql/
cd /usr/local/mysql/
scripts/mysql_install_db --user=mysql
/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld_safe --user=mysql &

Testing MariaDB

If you want to test your compiled MariaDB, you can do either of:

make test

or

mysql-test/mysql-test-run --force

Each of the above are run from the build directory. There is no need to 'sudo make install' MariaDB prior to running them.

NOTE: If you are doing more extensive testing or debugging of MariaDB (like with real application data and workloads) you may want to start and run MariaDB directly from the source directory instead of installing it with 'sudo make install'. If so, see Running MariaDB from the Source Directory.

Increasing Version Number or Tagging a Version

If you have made code changes and want to increase the version number or tag our version with a specific tag you can do this by editing the VERSION file. Tags are shown when running the 'mysqld --version' command.

Non-ascii Symbols

MariaDB builds with readline; using an alternative such as Editline may result in problems with non-ascii symbols.

Post-install Tasks

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