MariaDB starting with 10.3.3

Invisible columns (sometimes also called hidden columns) first appeared in MariaDB 10.3.3.

Columns can be given an INVISIBLE attribute in a CREATE TABLE or ALTER TABLE statement. These columns will then not be listed in the results of a SELECT * statement, nor do they need to be assigned a value in an INSERT statement, unless INSERT explicitly mentions them by name.

Since SELECT * does not return the invisible columns, new tables or views created in this manner will have no trace of the invisible columns. If specifically referenced in the SELECT statement, the columns will be brought into the view/new table, but the INVISIBLE attribute will not.

Invisible columns can be declared as NOT NULL, but then require a DEFAULT value.

It is not possible for all columns in a table to be invisible.

Examples

CREATE TABLE t (x INT, y INT INVISIBLE, z INT INVISIBLE NOT NULL);
ERROR 4106 (HY000): Invisible column `z` must have a default value

CREATE TABLE t (x INT, y INT INVISIBLE, z INT INVISIBLE NOT NULL DEFAULT 4);

INSERT INTO t VALUES (1),(2);

INSERT INTO t (x,y) VALUES (3,33);

SELECT * FROM t;
+------+
| x    |
+------+
|    1 |
|    2 |
|    3 |
+------+

SELECT x,y,z FROM t;
+------+------+---+
| x    | y    | z |
+------+------+---+
|    1 | NULL | 4 |
|    2 | NULL | 4 |
|    3 |   33 | 4 |
+------+------+---+

DESC t;
+-------+---------+------+-----+---------+-----------+
| Field | Type    | Null | Key | Default | Extra     |
+-------+---------+------+-----+---------+-----------+
| x     | int(11) | YES  |     | NULL    |           |
| y     | int(11) | YES  |     | NULL    | INVISIBLE |
| z     | int(11) | NO   |     | 4       | INVISIBLE |
+-------+---------+------+-----+---------+-----------+

Creating a view from a table with hidden columns:

CREATE VIEW v1 AS SELECT * FROM t;

DESC v1;
+-------+---------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| Field | Type    | Null | Key | Default | Extra |
+-------+---------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| x     | int(11) | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
+-------+---------+------+-----+---------+-------+

CREATE VIEW v2 AS SELECT x,y,z FROM t;

DESC v2;
+-------+---------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| Field | Type    | Null | Key | Default | Extra |
+-------+---------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| x     | int(11) | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
| y     | int(11) | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
| z     | int(11) | NO   |     | 4       |       |
+-------+---------+------+-----+---------+-------+

Comments

Comments loading...