LOCK TABLE[S] tbl_name [[AS] alias] lock_type [, tbl_name [[AS] alias] lock_type] ... [WAIT n|NOWAIT] lock_type: READ [LOCAL] | [LOW_PRIORITY] WRITE | WRITE CONCURRENT UNLOCK TABLES
The lock_type can be one of:
|READ||Read lock, no writes allowed|
|READ LOCAL||Read lock, but allow concurrent inserts|
|WRITE||Exclusive write lock. No other connections can read or write to this table|
|LOW_PRIORITY WRITE||Exclusive write lock, but allow new read locks on the table until we get the write lock.|
|WRITE CONCURRENT||Exclusive write lock, but allow READ LOCAL locks to the table.|
MariaDB enables client sessions to acquire table locks explicitly for the purpose of cooperating with other sessions for access to tables, or to prevent other sessions from modifying tables during periods when a session requires exclusive access to them. A session can acquire or release locks only for itself. One session cannot acquire locks for another session or release locks held by another session.
Locks may be used to emulate transactions or to get more speed when updating tables.
LOCK TABLES explicitly acquires table locks for the current client session.
Table locks can be acquired for base tables or views. To use
you must have the
LOCK TABLES privilege, and the
SELECT privilege for
each object to be locked. See
For view locking,
LOCK TABLES adds all base tables used in the view to the
set of tables to be locked and locks them automatically. If you lock a table
LOCK TABLES, any tables used in triggers are also locked
implicitly, as described in Triggers and Implicit Locks.
UNLOCK TABLES explicitly releases any table locks held by the
Another use for
UNLOCK TABLES is to release the global read lock acquired
FLUSH TABLES WITH READ LOCK statement, which enables you to lock
all tables in all databases. See
FLUSH. (This is a very
convenient way to get backups if you have a file system such as Veritas that
can take snapshots in time.)
LOCK TABLES doesn't work when using Galera cluster. You may experience crashes or locks when used with Galera.
LOCK TABLES works on XtraDB/InnoDB tables only if the innodb_table_locks system variable is set to 1 and autocommit is set to 0 (the default in both cases). Please note that no error message will be returned on LOCK TABLES with innodb_table_locks = 0.
LOCK TABLES implicitly commits the active transaction, if any. Also, starting a transaction always releases all table locks acquired with LOCK TABLES. This means that there is no way to have table locks and an active transaction at the same time. The only exceptions are the transactions in autocommit mode. To preserve the data integrity between transactional and non-transactional tables, the GET_LOCK() function can be used.
While a connection holds an explicit read lock on a table, it cannot modify it. If you try, the following error will be produced:
ERROR 1099 (HY000): Table 'tab_name' was locked with a READ lock and can't be updated
While a connection holds an explicit lock on a table, it cannot access a non-locked table. If you try, the following error will be produced:
ERROR 1100 (HY000): Table 'tab_name' was not locked with LOCK TABLES
While a connection holds an explicit lock on a table, it cannot issue the following: INSERT DELAYED, CREATE TABLE, CREATE TABLE ... LIKE, and DDL statements involving stored programs and views (except for triggers). If you try, the following error will be produced:
ERROR 1192 (HY000): Can't execute the given command because you have active locked tables or an active transaction
LOCK TABLES can not be used in stored routines - if you try, the following error will be produced on creation:
ERROR 1314 (0A000): LOCK is not allowed in stored procedures