Syntax

CHECK TABLE tbl_name [, tbl_name] ... [option] ...

option = {FOR UPGRADE | QUICK | FAST | MEDIUM | EXTENDED | CHANGED}

Description

CHECK TABLE checks a table or tables for errors. CHECK TABLE works for Archive, Aria, CSV, InnoDB, and MyISAM tables. For Aria and MyISAM tables, the key statistics are updated as well. For CSV, see also Checking and Repairing CSV Tables.

As an alternative, myisamchk is a commandline tool for checking MyISAM tables when the tables are not being accessed.

For checking dynamic columns integrity, COLUMN_CHECK() can be used.

CHECK TABLE can also check views for problems, such as tables that are referenced in the view definition that no longer exist.

CHECK TABLE is also supported for partitioned tables. You can use ALTER TABLE ... CHECK PARTITION to check one or more partitions.

The meaning of the different options are as follows - note that this can vary a bit between storage engines:

FOR UPGRADEDo a very quick check if the storage format for the table has changed so that one needs to do a REPAIR. This is only needed when one upgrades between major versions of MariaDB or MySQL. This is usually done by running mysql_upgrade.
FASTOnly check tables that has not been closed properly or are marked as corrupt. Only supported by the MyISAM and Aria engines. For other engines the table is checked normally
CHANGEDCheck only tables that has changed since last REPAIR / CHECK. Only supported by the MyISAM and Aria engines. For other engines the table is checked normally.
QUICKDo a fast check. For MyISAM and Aria engine this means we skip checking the delete link chain which may take some time.
MEDIUMScan also the data files. Checks integrity between data and index files with checksums. In most cases this should find all possible errors.
EXTENDEDDoes a full check to verify every possible error. For MyISAM and Aria we verify for each row that all it keys exists and points to the row. This may take a long time on big tables!

For most cases running CHECK TABLE without options or MEDIUM should be good enough.

Since MariaDB 5.3, the Aria storage engine supports progress reporting for this statement.

If you want to know if two tables are identical, take a look at CHECKSUM TABLE.

XtraDB/InnoDB

If CHECK TABLE finds an error in an InnoDB table, MariaDB might shutdown to prevent the error propagation. In this case, the problem will be reported in the error log. Otherwise, since MariaDB 5.5, the table or an index might be marked as corrupted, to prevent use. This does not happen with some minor problems, like a wrong number of entries in a secondary index. Those problems are reported in the output of CHECK TABLE.

Each tablespace contains a header with metadata. This header is not checked by this statement.

During the execution of CHECK TABLE, other threads may be blocked.

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