STDDEV_POP

Syntax

STDDEV_POP(expr)

Description

Returns the population standard deviation of expr (the square root of VAR_POP()). You can also use STD() or STDDEV(), which are equivalent but not standard SQL.

It is an aggregate function, and so can be used with the GROUP BY clause.

From MariaDB 10.2.2, STDDEV_POP() can be used as a window function.

STDDEV_POP() returns NULL if there were no matching rows.

Examples

As an aggregate function:

CREATE OR REPLACE TABLE stats (category VARCHAR(2), x INT);

INSERT INTO stats VALUES 
  ('a',1),('a',2),('a',3),
  ('b',11),('b',12),('b',20),('b',30),('b',60);

SELECT category, STDDEV_POP(x), STDDEV_SAMP(x), VAR_POP(x) 
  FROM stats GROUP BY category;
+----------+---------------+----------------+------------+
| category | STDDEV_POP(x) | STDDEV_SAMP(x) | VAR_POP(x) |
+----------+---------------+----------------+------------+
| a        |        0.8165 |         1.0000 |     0.6667 |
| b        |       18.0400 |        20.1693 |   325.4400 |
+----------+---------------+----------------+------------+

As a window function:

CREATE OR REPLACE TABLE student_test (name CHAR(10), test CHAR(10), score TINYINT);

INSERT INTO student_test VALUES 
    ('Chun', 'SQL', 75), ('Chun', 'Tuning', 73), 
    ('Esben', 'SQL', 43), ('Esben', 'Tuning', 31), 
    ('Kaolin', 'SQL', 56), ('Kaolin', 'Tuning', 88), 
    ('Tatiana', 'SQL', 87);

SELECT name, test, score, STDDEV_POP(score) 
  OVER (PARTITION BY test) AS stddev_results FROM student_test;
+---------+--------+-------+----------------+
| name    | test   | score | stddev_results |
+---------+--------+-------+----------------+
| Chun    | SQL    |    75 |        16.9466 |
| Chun    | Tuning |    73 |        24.1247 |
| Esben   | SQL    |    43 |        16.9466 |
| Esben   | Tuning |    31 |        24.1247 |
| Kaolin  | SQL    |    56 |        16.9466 |
| Kaolin  | Tuning |    88 |        24.1247 |
| Tatiana | SQL    |    87 |        16.9466 |
+---------+--------+-------+----------------+

See Also

  • STD (equivalent, non-standard SQL)
  • STDDEV (equivalent, Oracle-compatible non-standard SQL)
  • VAR_POP (variance)
  • STDDEV_SAMP (sample standard deviation)

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