MariaDB starting with 10.3.2

Storage-engine independent support for column compression was introduced in MariaDB 10.3.2

Storage-engine independent column compression enables TINYBLOB, BLOB, MEDIUMBLOB, LONGBLOB, TINYTEXT, TEXT, MEDIUMTEXT, LONGTEXT, VARCHAR and VARBINARY columns to be compressed.

This is performed by means of a new COMPRESSED column attribute: COMPRESSED[=<compression_method>]

New System Variables

column_compression_threshold

  • Description: Minimum column data length eligible for compression.
  • Commandline: --column-compression-threshold=#
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 100
  • Range: 0 to 4294967295

column_compression_zlib_level

  • Description: zlib compression level (1 gives best speed, 9 gives best compression).
  • Commandline: --column-compression-threshold=#
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 6
  • Range: 1 to 9

column_compression_zlib_strategy

  • Description: The strategy parameter is used to tune the compression algorithm. Use the value DEFAULT_STRATEGY for normal data, FILTERED for data produced by a filter (or predictor), HUFFMAN_ONLY to force Huffman encoding only (no string match), or RLE to limit match distances to one (run-length encoding). Filtered data consists mostly of small values with a somewhat random distribution. In this case, the compression algorithm is tuned to compress them better. The effect of FILTERED is to force more Huffman coding and less string matching; it is somewhat intermediate between DEFAULT_STRATEGY and HUFFMAN_ONLY. RLE is designed to be almost as fast as HUFFMAN_ONLY, but give better compression for PNG image data. The strategy parameter only affects the compression ratio but not the correctness of the compressed output even if it is not set appropriately. FIXED prevents the use of dynamic Huffman codes, allowing for a simpler decoder for special applications.
  • Commandline: --column-compression-zlib_strategy=#
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: enum
  • Default Value: DEFAULT_STRATEGY
  • Valid Values: DEFAULT_STRATEGY, FILTERED, HUFFMAN_ONLY, RLE, FIXED

column_compression_zlib_wrap

  • Description: If set to 1 (0 is default), generate zlib header and trailer and compute adler32 check value. It can be used with storage engines that don't provide data integrity verification to detect data corruption.
  • Commandline: --column-compression-zlib-wrap{=0|1}
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: boolean
  • Default Value: OFF

New Status Variables

  • Column_compressions
  • Column_decompressions

Limitations

  • The only supported method currently is zlib.
  • The CSV storage engine stores data uncompressed on-disk even if the COMPRESSED attribute is present.
  • It is not possible to create indexes over compressed columns.

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