TRIM

Syntax

TRIM([{BOTH | LEADING | TRAILING} [remstr] FROM] str), TRIM([remstr FROM] str)

Description

Returns the string str with all remstr prefixes or suffixes removed. If none of the specifiers BOTH, LEADING, or TRAILING is given, BOTH is assumed. remstr is optional and, if not specified, spaces are removed.

Returns NULL if given a NULL argument. If the result is empty, returns either an empty string, or, from MariaDB 10.3.6 with SQL_MODE=Oracle, NULL.

The Oracle mode version of the function can be accessed outside of Oracle mode by using TRIM_ORACLE as the function name.

Examples

SELECT TRIM('  bar   ')\G
*************************** 1. row ***************************
TRIM('  bar   '): bar

SELECT TRIM(LEADING 'x' FROM 'xxxbarxxx')\G
*************************** 1. row ***************************
TRIM(LEADING 'x' FROM 'xxxbarxxx'): barxxx

SELECT TRIM(BOTH 'x' FROM 'xxxbarxxx')\G
*************************** 1. row ***************************
TRIM(BOTH 'x' FROM 'xxxbarxxx'): bar

SELECT TRIM(TRAILING 'xyz' FROM 'barxxyz')\G
*************************** 1. row ***************************
TRIM(TRAILING 'xyz' FROM 'barxxyz'): barx

Oracle mode version from MariaDB 10.3.6:

SELECT TRIM(''),TRIM_ORACLE('');
+----------+-----------------+
| TRIM('') | TRIM_ORACLE('') |
+----------+-----------------+
|          | NULL            |
+----------+-----------------+

See Also

  • LTRIM - leading spaces removed
  • RTRIM - trailing spaces removed

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