Installing MariaDB with yum/dnf

On RHEL, CentOS, Fedora, and other similar Linux distributions, it is highly recommended to install the relevant RPM packages from MariaDB's repository using yum or dnf. Starting with RHEL 8 and Fedora 22, yum has been replaced by dnf, which is the next major version of yum. However, yum commands still work on many systems that use dnf.

This page walks you through the simple installation steps using yum.

Adding the MariaDB YUM repository

We currently have YUM repositories for the following Linux distributions:

  • Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) 6
  • Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) 7
  • CentOS 6
  • CentOS 7
  • Fedora 27
  • Fedora 28
  • Fedora 29

Using the MariaDB Package Repository Setup Script

If you want to install MariaDB with yum, then you can configure yum to install from MariaDB Corporation's MariaDB Package Repository by using the MariaDB Package Repository setup script.

MariaDB Corporation provides a MariaDB Package Repository for several Linux distributions that use yum to manage packages. This repository contains software packages related to MariaDB Server, including the server itself, clients and utilities, client libraries, plugins, and Mariabackup. The MariaDB Package Repository setup script automatically configures your system to install packages from the MariaDB Package Repository.

To use the script, execute the following command:

curl -sS https://downloads.mariadb.com/MariaDB/mariadb_repo_setup | sudo bash

Note that this script also configures a repository for MariaDB MaxScale and a repository for MariaDB Tools, which currently only contains Percona XtraBackup and its dependencies.

See MariaDB Package Repository Setup and Usage for more information.

Using the MariaDB Repository Configuration Tool

If you want to install MariaDB with yum, then you can configure yum to install from MariaDB Foundation's MariaDB Repository by using the MariaDB Repository Configuration Tool.

The MariaDB Foundation provides a MariaDB repository for several Linux distributions that use yum to manage packages. This repository contains software packages related to MariaDB Server, including the server itself, clients and utilities, client libraries, plugins, and Mariabackup. The MariaDB Repository Configuration Tool can easily generate the appropriate configuration file to add the repository for your distribution.

Once you have the appropriate repository configuration section for your distribution, add it to a file named MariaDB.repo under /etc/yum.repos.d/.

For example, if you wanted to use the repository to install MariaDB 10.3 on CentOS 7, then you could use the following yum repository configuration in /etc/yum.repos.d/MariaDB.repo:

[mariadb]
name = MariaDB
baseurl = http://yum.mariadb.org/10.3/centos7-amd64
gpgkey=https://yum.mariadb.org/RPM-GPG-KEY-MariaDB
gpgcheck=1

The example file above includes a gpgkey line to automatically fetch the GPG public key that is used to verify the digital signatures of the packages in our repositories. This allows the the yum, dnf, and rpm utilities to verify the integrity of the packages that they install.

Pinning the MariaDB Repository to a Specific Minor Release

If you wish to pin the yum repository to a specific minor release, or if you would like to do a yum downgrade to a specific minor release, then you can create a yum repository configuration with a baseurl option set to that specific minor release.

The MariaDB Foundation archives repositories of old minor releases at the following URL:

So if you can't find the repository of a specific minor release at yum.mariadb.org, then it would be a good idea to check the archive.

For example, if you wanted to pin your repository to MariaDB 10.3.14 on CentOS 7, then you could use the following yum repository configuration in /etc/yum.repos.d/MariaDB.repo:

[mariadb]
name = MariaDB-10.3.14
baseurl=http://yum.mariadb.org/10.3.14/centos7-amd64
# alternative: baseurl=http://archive.mariadb.org/mariadb-10.3.14/yum/centos7-amd64
gpgkey=https://yum.mariadb.org/RPM-GPG-KEY-MariaDB
gpgcheck=1

Note that if you change an existing repository configuration, then you need to execute the following:

sudo yum clean all

Updating the MariaDB YUM repository to a New Major Release

MariaDB's yum repository can be updated to a new major release. How this is done depends on how you originally configured the repository.

Updating the Major Release with the MariaDB Package Repository Setup Script

If you configured yum to install from MariaDB Corporation's MariaDB Package Repository by using the MariaDB Package Repository setup script, then you can update the major release that the repository uses by running the script again.

Updating the Major Release with the MariaDB Repository Configuration Tool

If you configured yum to install from MariaDB Foundation's MariaDB Repository by using the MariaDB Repository Configuration Tool, then you can update the major release that the repository uses by updating the yum repository configuration file in-place. For example, if you wanted to change the repository from MariaDB 10.2 to MariaDB 10.3, and if the repository configuration file was at /etc/yum.repos.d/MariaDB.repo, then you could execute the following:

sudo sed -i 's/10.2/10.3/' /etc/yum.repos.d/MariaDB.repo

After that, the repository should refer to MariaDB 10.3.

Importing the MariaDB GPG Public Key

Before MariaDB can be installed, you also have to import the GPG public key that is used to verify the digital signatures of the packages in our repositories. This allows the yum, dnf and rpm utilities to verify the integrity of the packages that they install.

The id of our GPG public key is 0xcbcb082a1bb943db. The short form of the id is 0x1BB943DB. The full key fingerprint is:

1993 69E5 404B D5FC 7D2F E43B CBCB 082A 1BB9 43DB

yum should prompt you to import the GPG public key the first time that you install a package from MariaDB's repository. However, if you like, the rpm utility can be used to manually import this key instead. For example:

sudo rpm --import https://yum.mariadb.org/RPM-GPG-KEY-MariaDB

Once the GPG public key is imported, you are ready to install packages from the repository.

Installing MariaDB Packages with YUM

After the yum repository is configured, you can install MariaDB by executing the yum command. The specific command that you would use would depend on which specific packages that you want to install.

Installing the Most Common Packages with YUM

MariaDB starting with 10.4

In MariaDB 10.4 and later, to Install the most common packages, execute the following command:

sudo yum install MariaDB-server galera-4 MariaDB-client MariaDB-shared MariaDB-backup MariaDB-common
MariaDB until 10.3

In MariaDB 10.3 and before, to Install the most common packages, execute the following command:

sudo yum install MariaDB-server galera MariaDB-client MariaDB-shared MariaDB-backup MariaDB-common

Installing MariaDB Server with YUM

To Install MariaDB Server, execute the following command:

sudo yum install MariaDB-server

Installing MariaDB Galera Cluster with YUM

The process to install MariaDB Galera Cluster with the MariaDB yum repository is practically the same as installing standard MariaDB Server.

In MariaDB 10.1 and later, Galera Cluster support has been included in the standard MariaDB Server packages, so you will need to install the MariaDB-server package, as you normally would.

In MariaDB 10.4 and later, you also need to install the galera-4 package to obtain the Galera 4 wsrep provider library.

In MariaDB 10.3 and before, you also need to install the galera package to obtain the Galera 3 wsrep provider library.

MariaDB starting with 10.4

In MariaDB 10.4 and later, to install MariaDB Galera Cluster, you could execute the following command:

sudo yum install MariaDB-server MariaDB-client galera-4
MariaDB until 10.3

In MariaDB 10.3 and before, to install MariaDB Galera Cluster, you could execute the following command:

sudo yum install MariaDB-server MariaDB-client galera

If you haven't yet imported the MariaDB GPG public key, then yum will prompt you to import it after it downloads the packages, but before it prompts you to install them.

See MariaDB Galera Cluster for more information on MariaDB Galera Cluster.

Installing MariaDB Clients and Client Libraries with YUM

In MariaDB 10.2 and later, MariaDB Connector/C has been included as the client library. However, the package name for the client library has not been changed.

To Install the clients and client libraries, execute the following command:

sudo yum install MariaDB-client MariaDB-shared

Installing Mariabackup with YUM

To install Mariabackup, execute the following command:

sudo yum install MariaDB-backup

Installing Plugins with YUM

Some plugins may also need to be installed.

For example, to install the cracklib_password_check password validation plugin, execute the following command:

sudo yum install MariaDB-cracklib-password-check

Installing Debug Info Packages with YUM

MariaDB starting with 5.5.64

The MariaDB yum repository first added debuginfo packages in MariaDB 5.5.64, MariaDB 10.1.39, MariaDB 10.2.23, MariaDB 10.3.14, and MariaDB 10.4.4.

The MariaDB yum repository also contains debuginfo packages. These package may be needed when debugging a problem.

Installing Debug Info for the Most Common Packages with YUM

To install debuginfo for the most common packages, execute the following command:

sudo yum install MariaDB-server-debuginfo MariaDB-client-debuginfo MariaDB-shared-debuginfo MariaDB-backup-debuginfo MariaDB-common-debuginfo

Installing Debug Info for MariaDB Server with YUM

To install debuginfo for MariaDB Server, execute the following command:

sudo yum install MariaDB-server-debuginfo

Installing Debug Info for MariaDB Clients and Client Libraries with YUM

In MariaDB 10.2 and later, MariaDB Connector/C has been included as the client library. However, the package name for the client library has not been changed.

To install debuginfo for the clients and client libraries, execute the following command:

sudo yum install MariaDB-client-debuginfo MariaDB-shared-debuginfo

Installing Debug Info for Mariabackup with YUM

To install debuginfo for Mariabackup, execute the following command:

sudo yum install MariaDB-backup-debuginfo

Installing Debug Info for Plugins with YUM

For some plugins, debuginfo may also need to be installed.

For example, to install debuginfo for the cracklib_password_check password validation plugin, execute the following command:

sudo yum install MariaDB-cracklib-password-check-debuginfo

Installing Older Versions from the Repository

The MariaDB yum repository contains the last few versions of MariaDB. To show what versions are available, use the following command:

yum list --showduplicates MariaDB-server

In the output you will see the available versions. For example:

$ yum list --showduplicates MariaDB-server
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
 * base: centos.mirrors.ovh.net
 * extras: centos.mirrors.ovh.net
 * updates: centos.mirrors.ovh.net
Available Packages
MariaDB-server.x86_64   10.3.10-1.el7.centos    mariadb
MariaDB-server.x86_64   10.3.11-1.el7.centos    mariadb
MariaDB-server.x86_64   10.3.12-1.el7.centos    mariadb
mariadb-server.x86_64   1:5.5.60-1.el7_5         base   

The MariaDB yum repository in this example contains MariaDB 10.3.10, MariaDB 10.3.11, and MariaDB 10.3.12. The CentOS base yum repository also contains MariaDB 5.5.60.

To install an older version of a package instead of the latest version we just need to specify the package name, a dash, and then the version number. And we only need to specify enough of the version number for it to be unique from the other available versions.

However, when installing an older version of a package, if yum has to install dependencies, then it will automatically choose to install the latest versions of those packages. To ensure that all MariaDB packages are on the same version in this scenario, it is necessary to specify them all.

The packages that the MariaDB-server package depend on are: MariaDB-client, MariaDB-shared, and MariaDB-common. Therefore, to install MariaDB 10.3.11 from this yum repository, we would do the following:

sudo yum install MariaDB-server-10.3.11 MariaDB-client-10.3.11 MariaDB-shared-10.3.11 MariaDB-backup-10.3.11 MariaDB-common-10.3.11

The rest of the install and setup process is as normal.

After Installation

After the installation is complete, you can start MariaDB.

If you are using MariaDB Galera Cluster, then keep in mind that the first node will have to be bootstrapped.

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