Limitations and Known Issues within MariaDB MaxScale

This document lists known issues and limitations in MariaDB MaxScale and its plugins. Since limitations are related to specific plugins, this document is divided into several sections.

Protocol limitations

Limitations with MySQL Protocol support (MySQLClient)

Compression is not included in the MySQL server handshake.

Authenticator limitations

Limitations in the GSSAPI authenticator

Currently, MariaDB MaxScale only supports GSSAPI authentication when the backend connections use GSSAPI authentication. Client side GSSAPI authentication with a different backend authentication module is not supported.

Limitations in the MySQL authenticator (MySQLAuth)

  • MariaDB MaxScale supports authentication that uses wildcard matching in hostnames in the mysql.user table of the backend database. For IP address entries either % or _-wildcards are accepted, they should not be mixed in the same entry. For text addresses both wildcards can be mixed.

  • Wildcards in text-form hostnames are not supported.

  • MySQL old style passwords are not supported. MySQL versions 4.1 and newer use a new authentication protocol which does not support pre-4.1 style passwords.

  • When users have different passwords based on the host from which they connect MariaDB MaxScale is unable to determine which password it should use to connect to the backend database. This results in failed connections and unusable usernames in MariaDB MaxScale.

Filter limitations

Filters are not guaranteed to receive complete MySQL packets if they are used with the readconnroute router. This can be fixed by using the readwritesplit router.

Database Firewall limitations (dbfwfilter)

The Database Firewall filter does not support multi-statements. Using them will result in an error being sent to the client.

Monitor limitations

A server can only be monitored by one monitor. If multiple monitors monitor the same server, the state of the server is non-deterministic.

Limitations with Galera Cluster Monitoring (galeramon)

The default master selection is based only on MIN(wsrep_local_index). This can be influenced with the server priority mechanic described in the Galera Monitor manual.

Router limitations

Avrorouter limitations (avrorouter)

The avrorouter does not support the following data types and conversions:

  • BIT
  • Fields CAST from integer types to string types

The avrorouter does not do any crash recovery. This means that the avro files need to be truncated to valid block lengths before starting the avrorouter.

Limitations in the connection router (readconnroute)

If Master changes (ie. new Master promotion) during current connection, the router cannot check the change.

Sending of binary data with LOAD DATA LOCAL INFILE is not supported.

Limitations in the Read/Write Splitter (readwritesplit)

Read queries are routed to the master server in the following situations:

  • query is executed inside an open transaction
  • query is a prepared statement
  • statement includes a stored procedure or an UDF call
  • if there are multiple statements inside one query e.g. INSERT INTO ... ; SELECT LAST_INSERT_ID();

Backend write timeout handling

The backend connections opened by readwritesplit will not be kept alive if they aren't used. To keep all of the connections alive, a session command must be periodically executed (for example SET @a = 1;).

If the backend server is configured with a low wait_timeout, it is possible that connections get closed during long sessions. It is recommended to set the wait_timeout to a high value and let MariaDB MaxScale handle the client timeouts. This can be achieved by using the connection_timeout parameter for the service.

Limitations in multi-statement handling

When a multi-statement query is executed through the readwritesplit router, it will always be routed to the master. With the default configuration, all queries after a multi-statement query will be routed to the master to prevent possible reads of false data.

You can override this behavior with the strict_multi_stmt=false router option. In this mode, the multi-statement queries will still be routed to the master but individual statements are routed normally. If you use multi-statements and you know they don't modify the session state in any relevant way, you can disable this option for better performance.

For more information, read the ReadWriteSplit router documentation.

Parsing limitations

Galera Cluster variables, such as @@wsrep_node_name, are not resolved by the embedded MariaDB parser. This usually means that the query will be routed to the master.

Limitations in client session handling

Some of the queries that a client sends are routed to all backends instead of just to one. These queries include USE <db name> and SET autocommit=0, among many others. Readwritesplit sends a copy of these queries to each backend server and forwards the master's reply to the client. Below is a list of MySQL commands which are classified as session commands.

COM_INIT_DB (USE <db name> creates this)
COM_QUIT (no response, session is closed)
SQLCOM_CHANGE_DB (USE ... statements)
SET autocommit=1|0

There is a possibility for misbehavior. If USE mytable is executed in one of the slaves and fails, it may be due to replication lag rather than the database not existing. Thus, the same command may produce different result in different backend servers. The slaves which fail to execute a session command will be dropped from the active list of slaves for this session to guarantee a consistent session state across all the servers used by the session.

The above-mentioned behavior can be partially controlled with the configuration parameter use_sql_variables_in:

use_sql_variables_in=[master|all] (default: all)

Server-side session variables are handled similar to SQL variables. If "master" is set, SQL variables are read and written in master only. Autocommit values and prepared statements are routed to all nodes always.


If a SELECT query modifies a user variable when the use_sql_variables_in parameter is set to all, it will not be routed and the client will receive an error. A log message is written into the log further explaining the reason for the error. Here is an example use of a SELECT query which modifies a user variable and how MariaDB MaxScale responds to it.

MySQL [(none)]> set @id=1;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

MySQL [(none)]> SELECT @id := @id + 1 FROM test.t1;
ERROR 1064 (42000): Routing query to backend failed. See the error log for further details.

Allow user variable modification in SELECT queries by setting the value of use_sql_variables_in to master. This will route all queries that use user variables to the master.

Examples of session command limitations

In a situation where a new database db is created, immediately after which a client executes USE db, it is possible that the command is routed to a slave before the CREATE DATABASE clause is replicated to all slaves. In this case a query may be executed in the wrong database. Similarly, if any response that ReadWriteSplit sends back to the client differ from that of the master, there is a risk for misbehavior. To prevent this, any failures in session command execution are treated as fatal errors and all connections by the session to that particular slave server will be closed. In addition, the server will not used again for routing for the duration of the session.

The most likely reasons are related to replication lag but it could be possible that a slave fails to execute something because of some non-fatal, temporary failure, while the execution of the same command succeeds in other backends.

The preparation of a prepared statement is routed to all servers. The execution of a prepared statement is routed to the first available server or to the server pointed by a routing hint attached to the query.

Schemarouter limitations (schemarouter)

The schemarouter currently has some limitations due to the nature of the sharding implementation and the way the session variables are detected and routed. Here is a list of the current limitations:

  • Cross-database queries (e.g. SELECT column FROM database1.table UNION select column FROM database2.table) are not supported and are routed either to the first explicit database in the query, the current database in use or to the first available database, depending on which succeeds.

  • Without a default database, queries without explicit databases that do not modify the session state will be routed to the first available server. This means that, for example when creating a new database, queries should be done directly on the node or the router should be equipped with the hint filter and a routing hint should be used. Queries that modify the session state (e.g. SET autocommit=1) will be routed to all servers regardless of the default database.

  • SELECT queries that modify session variables are not currently supported because uniform results can not be guaranteed. If such a query is executed, the behavior of the router is undefined. To work around this limitation, the query must be executed in separate parts.

  • If a query targets a database the schemarouter hasn't mapped to a server, the query will be routed to the first available server. This possibly returns an error about database rights instead of a missing database.

  • The preparation of a prepared statement is routed to all servers. The execution of a prepared statement is routed to the first available server or to the server pointed by a routing hint attached to the query. In practice this means that prepared statements aren't supported by the schemarouter.


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