Named Server Filter
Named Server Filter
The namedserverfilter is a MariaDB MaxScale filter module able to route queries to servers based on regular expression (regex) matches. Since it is a filter instead of a router, the NamedServerFilter only sets routing suggestions. It requires a compatible router to be effective. Currently, both readwritesplit and hintrouter take advantage of routing hints in the data packets. This filter uses the PCRE2 library for regular expression matching.
The filter accepts settings in two modes: legacy and indexed. Only one of
the modes may be used for a given filter instance. The legacy mode is meant for
backwards compatibility and allows only one regular expression and one server
name in the configuration. In indexed mode, up to 25 regex-server pairs are
allowed in the form match01 - target01, match02 - target02 and so on.
Also, in indexed mode, the server names (targets) may contain a list of names or
Below is a configuration example for the filter in indexed-mode. The legacy mode is not recommeded and may be removed in a future release. In the example, a SELECT on TableOne (match01) results in routing hints to two named servers, while a SELECT on TableTwo is suggested to be routed to the master server of the service. Whether a list of server names is interpreted as a route-to-any or route-to-all is up to the attached router. The HintRouter sees a list as a suggestion to route-to-any. For additional information on hints and how they can also be embedded into SQL-queries, see Hint-Syntax.
[NamedServerFilter] type=filter module=namedserverfilter match01=^Select.*TableOne$ target01=server2,server3 match22=^SELECT.*TableTwo$ target22=->master [MyService] type=service router=readwritesplit servers=server1,server2,server3 user=myuser passwd=mypasswd filters=NamedServerFilter
The NamedServerFilter requires two mandatory parameters.
Regular expression the SQL-query is matched against. XY must be a number in the range 01 - 25. Each match setting must have a similarly indexed target setting.
This is the hint which will be attached to the queries matching the regex. If a compatible router is used in the service the query will be routed accordingly. The target can be one of the following:
- a server name (adds a
- a list of server names, comma-separated (adds several
This optional parameter defines an IP address or mask which a connecting client's IP address is matched against. Only sessions whose address matches this setting will have this filter active and performing the regex matching. Traffic from unmatching client IPs is simply left as is and routed straight through.
Since MaxScale 2.1 it's also possible to use % wildcards:
source=192.%.%.% source=192.168.%.% source=192.168.10.%
Note that using source=% to match any IP is not allowed.
This optional parameter defines a user name the connecting client username is matched against. Only sessions that are connected using this username will have the match and routing hints applied to them. Traffic from unmatching client user names is simply left as is and routed straight through.
The named server filter accepts the following options.
|ignorecase||Use case-insensitive matching (default)|
|case||Use case-sensitive matching|
|extended||Ignore white space and # comments|
To use multiple filter options, list them in a comma-separated list.
Note: The ignorecase and case options are mutually exclusive and only one of them should be used.
The maximum number of accepted match - target pairs may be higher and can change if other features are added to the filter. A minimum of 25 is guaranteed for now.
In the configuration, the indexed match and target settings may be in any order and may skip numbers. During SQL-query matching, however, the regexes are tested in ascending order: match01, match02, match03 and so on. As soon as a match is found for a qiven query, the routing hints are written and the packet is forwarded to the next filter or router. Any possibly remaining match regexes are ignored. This means the match - target pairs should be indexed in priority order, or, if priority is not a factor, in order of decreasing match probability.
Example 1 - Route queries targeting a specific table to a server
This will route all queries matching the regular expression
*from *users to
the server named server2. The filter will ignore character case in queries.
A query like
SELECT * FROM users would be routed to server2 where as a query
SELECT * FROM accounts would be routed according to the normal rules of
[NamedServerFilter] type=filter module=namedserverfilter match02= *from *users target02=server2 [MyService] type=service router=readwritesplit servers=server1,server2 user=myuser passwd=mypasswd filters=NamedServerFilter