Setting up MariaDB MaxScale

Setting up MariaDB MaxScale

This document is designed as a quick introduction to setting up MariaDB MaxScale.

The installation and configuration of the MariaDB Server will not be covered in this document. The Setting Up Replication article on the MariaDB knowledgebase can help you get started with replication clusters and the Getting Started With Mariadb Galera Cluster article will help you set up a Galera cluster.

This tutorial will assume the user is running from one of the binary distributions available and has installed this in the default location. Building from source code in GitHub is covered in the Building from Source document.

Installing MaxScale

The precise installation process will vary from one distribution to another. Details of what to do with the RPM and DEB packages can be found on the MaxScale download page when you select the distribution you are downloading from.

Creating Database Users

After installation, we need to create a database user. We do this as we need to connect to the backend databases to retrieve the user authentication information. To create this user, execute the following SQL commands on the master server of your database cluster.

CREATE USER 'maxscale'@'%' IDENTIFIED BY 'maxscale_pw';
GRANT SELECT ON mysql.user TO 'maxscale'@'%';
GRANT SELECT ON mysql.db TO 'maxscale'@'%';
GRANT SELECT ON mysql.tables_priv TO 'maxscale'@'%';
GRANT SELECT ON mysql.roles_mapping TO 'maxscale'@'%';
GRANT SHOW DATABASES ON *.* TO 'maxscale'@'%';

-- MariaDB from 10.2.2 to 10.2.10 requires extra grants
GRANT SELECT ON mysql.* TO 'maxscale'@'%';

These credentials will be used by the services in MaxScale to populate the user authentication data. The tutorials that follow will be using these credentials.

Creating additional grants for users

Note: The client host and MaxScale host must have the same username and password for both client and MaxScale hosts.

Because MariaDB MaxScale sits between the clients and the backend databases, the backend databases will see all clients as if they were connecting from MariaDB MaxScale's address. This usually means that you must create two sets of grants for each user.

For example, if you have the 'jdoe'@'client-host' user and MaxScale is located at maxscale-host, the 'jdoe'@'maxscale-host' user must be created with the same password as 'jdoe'@'client-host' and given the same grants that 'jdoe'@'client-host' has.

The quickest way to do this is to first create the new user:

CREATE USER 'jdoe'@'maxscale-host' IDENTIFIED BY 'my_secret_password';

Then do a SHOW GRANTS query:

MariaDB [(none)]> SHOW GRANTS FOR 'jdoe'@'client-host';
| Grants for jdoe@client-host                                           |
| GRANT SELECT, INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE ON *.* TO 'jdoe'@'client-host'   |
1 row in set (0.01 sec)

Followed by copying grant the same grants to the 'jdoe'@'maxscale-host' user.

GRANT SELECT, INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE ON *.* TO 'jdoe'@'maxscale-host';

Another other option is to use a wildcard grant that covers both hosts. This is more convenient but less secure than having specific grants for both the client's hostname and MariaDB MaxScale's hostname as it allows access from all hosts.

Creating the configuration file

The next step is to create the configuration file. This part is covered in two different tutorials.

For a fully automated read/write splitting setup, read the Read Write Splitting Tutorial. For a simpler connection based setup, read the Connection Routing Tutorial.


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