Common Monitor Parameters

Common Monitor Parameters

This document lists optional parameters that all current monitors support.

Parameters

user

Username used by the monitor to connect to the backend servers. If a server defines the monitoruser parameter, that value will be used instead.

password

Password for the user defined with the user parameter. If a server defines the monitorpw parameter, that value will be used instead.

Note: In older versions of MaxScale this parameter was called passwd. The use of passwd was deprecated in MaxScale 2.3.0.

monitor_interval

Defines, in milliseconds, how often the monitor updates the status of the servers. The default value is 2000 (2 seconds). Choose a lower value if servers should be queried more often. The smallest possible value is 100. If querying the servers takes longer than monitor_interval, the effective update rate is reduced.

The default value of monitor_interval was updated from 10000 milliseconds to 2000 milliseconds in MaxScale 2.2.0.

monitor_interval=2500

backend_connect_timeout

This parameter controls the timeout for connecting to a monitored server. It is in seconds and the minimum value is 1 second. The default value for this parameter is 3 seconds.

backend_connect_timeout=6

backend_write_timeout

This parameter controls the timeout for writing to a monitored server. It is in seconds and the minimum value is 1 second. The default value for this parameter is 3 seconds.

backend_write_timeout=4

backend_read_timeout

This parameter controls the timeout for reading from a monitored server. It is in seconds and the minimum value is 1 second. The default value for this parameter is 3 seconds.

backend_read_timeout=2

backend_connect_attempts

This parameter defines the maximum times a backend connection is attempted every monitoring loop. The default is 1. Every attempt may take up to backend_connect_timeout seconds to perform. If none of the attempts are successful, the backend is considered to be unreachable and down.

backend_connect_attempts=3

disk_space_threshold

This parameter duplicates the disk_space_threshold server parameter. If the parameter has not been specified for a server, then the one specified for the monitor is applied.

That is, if the disk configuration is the same on all servers monitored by the monitor, it is sufficient (and more convenient) to specify the disk space threshold in the monitor section, but if the disk configuration is different on all or some servers, then the disk space threshold can be specified individually for each server.

For example, suppose server1, server2 and server3 are identical in all respects. In that case we can specify disk_space_threshold in the monitor.

[server1]
type=server
...

[server2]
type=server
...

[server3]
type=server
...

[monitor]
type=monitor
servers=server1,server2,server3
disk_space_threshold=/data:80
...

However, if the servers are heterogenious with the disk used for the data directory mounted on different paths, then the disk space threshold must be specified separately for each server.

[server1]
type=server
disk_space_threshold=/data:80
...

[server2]
type=server
disk_space_threshold=/Data:80
...

[server3]
type=server
disk_space_threshold=/DBData:80
...

[monitor]
type=monitor
servers=server1,server2,server3
...

If most of the servers have the data directory disk mounted on the same path, then the disk space threshold can be specified on the monitor and separately on the server with a different setup.

[server1]
type=server
disk_space_threshold=/DbData:80
...

[server2]
type=server
...

[server3]
type=server
...

[monitor]
type=monitor
servers=server1,server2,server3
disk_space_threshold=/data:80
...

Above, server1 has the disk used for the data directory mounted at /DbData while both server2 and server3 have it mounted on /data and thus the setting in the monitor covers them both.

disk_space_check_interval

With this positive integer parameter it can be specified in milliseconds the minimum amount of time between disk space checks. The default value is 20000, which means that the disk space situation will be checked once every 20 seconds.

Note that as the checking is made as part of the regular monitor interval cycle, the disk space check interval is affected by the value of monitor_interval. In particular, even if the value of disk_space_check_interval is smaller than that of monitor_interval, the checking will still take place at monitor_interval intervals.

disk_space_check_interval=10000

script

This command will be executed when a server changes its state. The parameter should be an absolute path to a command or the command should be in the executable path. The user which is used to run MaxScale should have execution rights to the file itself and the directory it resides in.

script=/home/user/myscript.sh initiator=$INITIATOR event=$EVENT live_nodes=$NODELIST

The following substitutions will be made to the parameter value:

  • $INITIATOR will be replaced with the IP and port of the server who initiated the event
  • $EVENT will be replaced with the name of the event
  • $LIST will be replaced with a list of server IPs and ports
  • $NODELIST will be replaced with a list of server IPs and ports that are running
  • $SLAVELIST will be replaced with a list of server IPs and ports that are slaves
  • $MASTERLIST will be replaced with a list of server IPs and ports that are masters
  • $SYNCEDLIST will be replaced with a list of server IPs and ports that are synced Galera nodes
  • $PARENT will be replaced with the IP and port of the parent node of the server who initiated the event. For master-slave setups, this will be the master if the initiating server is a slave.
  • $CHILDREN will be replaced with the IPs and ports of the child nodes of the server who initiated the event. For master-slave setups, this will be a list of slave servers if the initiating server is a master.

The expanded variable value can be an empty string if no servers match the variable's requirements. For example, if no masters are available $MASTERLIST will expand into an empty string.

For example, the previous example will be executed as:

/home/user/myscript.sh initiator=[192.168.0.10]:3306 event=master_down live_nodes=[192.168.0.201]:3306,[192.168.0.121]:3306

Any output by the executed script will be logged into the MaxScale log. Each outputted line will be logged as a separate log message.

The log level on which the messages are logged depends on the format of the messages. If the first word in the output line is one of alert:, error:, warning:, notice:, info: or debug:, the message will be logged on the corresponding level. If the message is not prefixed with one of the keywords, the message will be logged on the notice level. Whitespace before, after or inbetween the keyword and the colon is ignored and the matching is case-insensitive.

script_timeout

The timeout for the executed script in seconds. The default value is 90 seconds.

If the script execution exceeds the configured timeout, it is stopped by sending a SIGTERM signal to it. If the process does not stop, a SIGKILL signal will be sent to it once the execution time is greater than twice the configured timeout.

events

A list of event names which cause the script to be executed. If this option is not defined, all events cause the script to be executed. The list must contain a comma separated list of event names.

events=master_down,slave_down

Script events

Here is a table of all possible event types and their descriptions that the monitors can be called with.

Event Name Description
master_down A Master server has gone down
master_up A Master server has come up
slave_down A Slave server has gone down
slave_up A Slave server has come up
server_down A server with no assigned role has gone down
server_up A server with no assigned role has come up
ndb_down A MySQL Cluster node has gone down
ndb_up A MySQL Cluster node has come up
lost_master A server lost Master status
lost_slave A server lost Slave status
lost_ndb A MySQL Cluster node lost node membership
new_master A new Master was detected
new_slave A new Slave was detected
new_ndb A new MySQL Cluster node was found

journal_max_age

The maximum journal file age in seconds. The default value is 28800 seconds.

When the monitor starts, it reads any stored journal files. If the journal file is older than the value of journal_max_age, it will be removed and the monitor starts with no prior knowledge of the servers.

Monitor Crash Safety

Starting with MaxScale 2.2.0, the monitor modules keep an on-disk journal of the latest server states. This change makes the monitors crash-safe when options that introduce states are used. It also allows the monitors to retain stateful information when MaxScale is restarted.

For MySQL monitor, options that introduce states into the monitoring process are the detect_stale_master and detect_stale_slave options, both of which are enabled by default. Galeramon has the disable_master_failback parameter which introduces a state.

The default location for the server state journal is in /var/lib/maxscale/<monitor name>/monitor.dat where <monitor name> is the name of the monitor section in the configuration file. If MaxScale crashes or is shut down in an uncontrolled fashion, the journal will be read when MaxScale is started. To skip the recovery process, manually delete the journal file before starting MaxScale.

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