Read/Write Splitting with MariaDB MaxScale

Read-Write Splitting with MariaDB MaxScale

The goal of this tutorial is to configure a system that appears to the client as a single database. MariaDB MaxScale will split the statements such that write statements are sent to the master server and read statements are balanced across the slave servers.

Setting up MariaDB MaxScale

This tutorial is a part of MariaDB MaxScale Tutorial. Please read it and follow the instructions. Return here once basic setup is complete.

Configuring the service

After configuring the servers and the monitor, we create a read-write-splitter service configuration. Create the following section in your configuration file. The section name is also the name of the service and should be meaningful. For this tutorial, we use the name Splitter-Service.

[Splitter-Service]
type=service
router=readwritesplit
servers=dbserv1, dbserv2, dbserv3
user=maxscale
password=maxscale_pw

router defines the routing module used. Here we use readwritesplit for query-level read-write-splitting.

A service needs a list of servers where queries will be routed to. The server names must match the names of server sections in the configuration file and not the hostnames or addresses of the servers.

The user and password parameters define the credentials the service uses to populate user authentication data. These users were created at the start of the MaxScale Tutorial.

For increased security, see password encryption.

Configuring the Listener

To allow network connections to a service, a network ports must be associated with it. This is done by creating a separate listener section in the configuration file. A service may have multiple listeners but for this tutorial one is enough.

[Splitter-Listener]
type=listener
service=Splitter-Service
protocol=MariaDBClient
port=3306

The service parameter tells which service the listener connects to. For the Splitter-Listener we set it to Splitter-Service.

A listener must define the protocol module it uses. This must be MariaDBClient for all database listeners. port defines the the network port to listen on.

The optional address-parameter defines the local address the listener should bind to. This may be required when the host machine has multiple network interfaces. The default behavior is to listen on all network interfaces (the IPv6 address ::).

Starting MariaDB MaxScale

For the last steps, please return to MaxScale Tutorial.

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