KafkaImporter

KafkaImporter

Overview

The KafkaImporter module reads messages from Kafka and streams them into a MariaDB server. The messages are inserted into a table designated by either the topic name or the message key (see table_name_in for details). The table will be automatically created with the following SQL:

CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS my_table (
  data LONGTEXT CHARACTER SET utf8mb4 COLLATE utf8mb4_bin NOT NULL,
  id VARCHAR(1024) AS (JSON_EXTRACT(data, '$._id')) UNIQUE KEY,
  CONSTRAINT data_is_json CHECK(JSON_VALID(data)),
  CONSTRAINT id_is_not_null CHECK(JSON_EXTRACT(data, '$._id') IS NOT NULL)
);

The payload of the message is inserted into the data field from which the id field is calculated. The payload must be a valid JSON object and it must contain the _id field. This is similar to the MongoDB document format where the _id field is the primary key of the document collection.

If a message is read from Kafka and the insertion into the table fails due to a violation of one of the constraints, the message is ignored. Similarly, messages with duplicate _id value are also ignored: this is done to avoid inserting the same document multiple times whenever the connection to either Kafka or MariaDB is lost.

The limitations on the data can be removed by either creating the table before the KafkaImporter is started, in which case the CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS does nothing, or by altering the structure of the existing table. The minimum requirement that must be met is that the table contains the data field to which string values can be inserted into.

The database server where the data is inserted is chosen from the set of servers available to the service. The first server labeled as the Master with the best rank will be chosen. This means that a monitor must be configured for the MariaDB server where the data is to be inserted.

Parameters

bootstrap_servers

  • Type: string
  • Mandatory: Yes
  • Dynamic: Yes

The list of Kafka brokers as a CSV list in host:port format.

topics

  • Type: stringlist
  • Mandatory: Yes
  • Dynamic: Yes

The comma separated list of topics to subscribe to.

batch_size

  • Type: count
  • Default: 100
  • Mandatory: No
  • Dynamic: Yes

Maximum number of uncommitted records. The KafkaImporter will buffer records into batches and commit them once either enough records are gathered (controlled by this parameter) or when the KafkaImporter goes idle. Any uncommitted records will be read again if a reconnection to either Kafka or MariaDB occurs.

kafka_sasl_mechanism

  • Type: enum
  • Default: PLAIN
  • Mandatory: No
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Values: PLAIN, SCRAM-SHA-256, SCRAM-SHA-512

SASL mechanism to use. The Kafka broker must be configured with the same authentication scheme.

kafka_sasl_user

  • Type: string
  • Mandatory: No
  • Default: No default value
  • Dynamic: Yes

SASL username used for authentication. If this parameter is defined, kafka_sasl_password must also be provided.

kafka_sasl_password

  • Type: string
  • Default: No default value
  • Mandatory: No
  • Dynamic: Yes

SASL password for the user. If this parameter is defined, kafka_sasl_user must also be provided.

kafka_ssl

  • Type: bool
  • Default: false
  • Mandatory: No
  • Dynamic: Yes

Enable SSL for Kafka connections.

kafka_ssl_ca

  • Type: path
  • Default: No default value
  • Mandatory: No
  • Dynamic: Yes

SSL Certificate Authority file in PEM format. If this parameter is not defined, the system default CA certificate is used.

kafka_ssl_cert

  • Type: path
  • Default: No default value
  • Mandatory: No
  • Dynamic: Yes

SSL public certificate file in PEM format. If this parameter is defined, kafka_ssl_key must also be provided.

kafka_ssl_key

  • Type: path
  • Default: No default value
  • Mandatory: No
  • Dynamic: Yes

SSL private key file in PEM format. If this parameter is defined, kafka_ssl_cert must also be provided.

table_name_in

  • Type: enum
  • Default: topic
  • Mandatory: No
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Values: topic, key

The Kafka message part that is used to locate the table to insert the data into.

Enumeration Values:

  • topic: The topic named is used as the fully qualified table name.

  • key: The message key is used as the fully qualified table name. If the Kafka message does not have a key, the message is ignored.

For example, all messages with a fully qualified table name of my_db.my_table will be inserted into the table my_table located in the my_db database. If the table or database names have special characters that must be escaped to make them valid identifiers, the name must also contain those escape characters. For example, to insert into a table named my table in the database my database, the name would be:

`my database`.`my table`

timeout

  • Type: duration
  • Default: 5000ms
  • Mandatory: No
  • Dynamic: Yes

Timeout for both Kafka and MariaDB network communication.

Limitations

  • The backend servers used by this service must be MariaDB version 10.2 or newer.

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