The INI type is one of the configuration or initialization files often found on Windows machines. For instance, let us suppose you have the following contact file contact.ini:
[BER] name=Bertrand forename=Olivier address=21 rue Ferdinand Buisson city=Issy-les-Mlx zipcode=92130 tel=09.54.36.29.60 cell=06.70.06.04.16 [WEL] name=Schmitt forename=Bernard hired=19/02/1985 address=64 tiergarten strasse city=Berlin zipcode=95013 tel=03.43.377.360 [UK1] name=Smith forename=Henry hired=08/11/2003 address=143 Blum Rd. city=London zipcode=NW1 2BP
CONNECT lets you view it as a table in two different ways.
The first way is to regard it as a table having one line per section, the columns being the keys you want to display. In this case, the CREATE statement could be:
create table contact ( contact char(16) flag=1, name char(20), forename char(32), hired date date_format='DD/MM/YYYY', address char(64), city char(20), zipcode char(8), tel char(16)) engine=CONNECT table_type=INI file_name='contact.ini';
The column that will contain the section name can have any name but must
flag=1. All other columns must have the names of the keys we want to
display (case insensitive). The type can be character or numeric depending on
the key value type, and the length is the maximum expected length for the key
value. Once done, the statement:
select contact, name, hired, city, tel from contact;
This statement will display the file in tabular format.
Only the keys defined in the create statements are visible; keys that do not exist in a section are displayed as null or pseudo null (blank for character, 1/1/70 for dates, and 0 for numeric) for columns declared NOT NULL.
All relational operations can be applied to this table. The table (and the file) can be updated, inserted and conditionally deleted. The only constraint is that when inserting values, the section name must be the first in the list of values.
Note 1: When inserting, if a section already exists, no new section will be created but the new values will be added or replace those of the existing section. Thus the following two commands are equivalent:
update contact set forename = 'Harry' where contact = 'UK1'; insert into contact (contact,forename) values('UK1','Harry');
Note 2: Because sections represent one line, a DELETE statement on a section key will delete the whole section.
To be a good candidate for tabular representation, an INI file should have often the same keys in all sections. In practice, many files commonly found on computers, such as the win.ini file of the Windows directory or the my.ini file cannot be viewed that way because each section has different keys. In this case, a second way is to regard the file as a table having one row per section key and whose columns can be the section name, the key name, and the key value.
For instance, let us define the table:
create table xcont ( section char(16) flag=1, keyname char(16) flag=2, value char(32)) engine=CONNECT table_type=INI file_name='contact.ini' option_list='Layout=Row';
In this statement, the "Layout" option sets the display format, Column by
default or anything else not beginning by 'C' for row layout display. The names
of the three columns can be freely chosen. The Flag option gives the meaning of
the column. Specify
flag=1 for the section name and
flag=2 for the key
name. Otherwise, the column will contain the key value.
Once done, the command:
select * from xcont;
Will display the following result:
|BER||address||21 rue Ferdinand Buisson|
|WEL||address||64 tiergarten strasse|
|UK1||address||143 Blum Rd.|
Note: When processing an INI table, all section names are retrieved in a buffer of 8K bytes (2048 bytes before 10.0.17). For a big file having many sections, this size can be increased using for example: