MariaDB starting with 10.2

The DENSE_RANK() function was first introduced with window functions in MariaDB 10.2.0.

Syntax

DENSE_RANK() OVER (
  [ PARTITION BY partition_expression ]
  [ ORDER BY order_list ]
) 

Description

DENSE_RANK() is a window function that displays the number of a given row, starting at one and following the ORDER BY sequence of the window function, with identical values receiving the same result. Unlike the RANK() function, there are no skipped values if the preceding results are identical. It is also similar to the ROW_NUMBER() function except that in that function, identical values will receive a different row number for each result.

Examples

The distinction between DENSE_RANK(), RANK() and ROW_NUMBER():

CREATE TABLE student(course VARCHAR(10), mark int, name varchar(10));

INSERT INTO student VALUES 
     ('Maths', 60, 'Thulile'),
     ('Maths', 60, 'Pritha'),
     ('Maths', 70, 'Voitto'),
     ('Biology', 60, 'Bilal'),
     ('Biology', 70, 'Roger');

SELECT RANK() OVER (PARTITION BY course ORDER BY mark) AS rank,
    DENSE_RANK() OVER (PARTITION BY course ORDER BY mark) AS dense_rank,
    ROW_NUMBER() OVER (PARTITION BY course ORDER BY mark) AS row_num,
    course, mark, name from student;
+------+------------+---------+---------+------+---------+
| rank | dense_rank | row_num | course  | mark | name    |
+------+------------+---------+---------+------+---------+
|    1 |          1 |       1 | Maths   |   60 | Thulile |
|    1 |          1 |       2 | Maths   |   60 | Pritha  |
|    3 |          2 |       3 | Maths   |   70 | Voitto  |
|    1 |          1 |       1 | Biology |   60 | Bilal   |
|    2 |          2 |       2 | Biology |   70 | Roger   |
+------+------------+---------+---------+------+---------+

See also

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