MariaDB starting with 10.0.4

The LOCALES table was introduced in MariaDB 10.0.4

Description

The Information Schema LOCALES table contains a list of all compiled-in locales. It is only available if the LOCALES plugin has been installed.

It contains the following columns:

ColumnDescription
IDRow ID.
NAMELocale name, for example en_GB.
DESCRIPTIONLocale description, for example English - United Kingdom.
MAX_MONTH_NAME_LENGTHNumeric length of the longest month in the locale
MAX_DAY_NAME_LENGTHNumeric length of the longest day name in the locale.
DECIMAL_POINTDecimal point character (some locales use a comma).
THOUSAND_SEPThousand's character separator,
ERROR_MESSAGE_LANGUAGEError message language.

The table is not a standard Information Schema table, and is a MariaDB extension.

The SHOW LOCALES statement returns a subset of the information.

Example

SELECT * FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.LOCALES;
+-----+-------+-------------------------------------+-----------------------+---------------------+---------------+--------------+------------------------+
| ID  | NAME  | DESCRIPTION                         | MAX_MONTH_NAME_LENGTH | MAX_DAY_NAME_LENGTH | DECIMAL_POINT | THOUSAND_SEP | ERROR_MESSAGE_LANGUAGE |
+-----+-------+-------------------------------------+-----------------------+---------------------+---------------+--------------+------------------------+
|   0 | en_US | English - United States             |                     9 |                   9 | .             | ,            | english                |
|   1 | en_GB | English - United Kingdom            |                     9 |                   9 | .             | ,            | english                |
|   2 | ja_JP | Japanese - Japan                    |                     3 |                   3 | .             | ,            | japanese               |
|   3 | sv_SE | Swedish - Sweden                    |                     9 |                   7 | ,             |              | swedish                |
|   4 | de_DE | German - Germany                    |                     9 |                  10 | ,             | .            | german                 |
|   5 | fr_FR | French - France                     |                     9 |                   8 | ,             |              | french                 |
|   6 | ar_AE | Arabic - United Arab Emirates       |                     6 |                   8 | .             | ,            | english                |
|   7 | ar_BH | Arabic - Bahrain                    |                     6 |                   8 | .             | ,            | english                |
|   8 | ar_JO | Arabic - Jordan                     |                    12 |                   8 | .             | ,            | english                |
...
| 106 | no_NO | Norwegian - Norway                  |                     9 |                   7 | ,             | .            | norwegian              |
| 107 | sv_FI | Swedish - Finland                   |                     9 |                   7 | ,             |              | swedish                |
| 108 | zh_HK | Chinese - Hong Kong SAR             |                     3 |                   3 | .             | ,            | english                |
| 109 | el_GR | Greek - Greece                      |                    11 |                   9 | ,             | .            | greek                  |
+-----+-------+-------------------------------------+-----------------------+---------------------+---------------+--------------+------------------------+

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