MariaDB starting with 10.0.2
MariaDB has supported global transaction IDs (GTIDs) for replication since version 10.0.2.
mysql.gtid_slave_pos table is used in replication by slave servers to keep track of their current position (the global transaction ID of the last transaction applied). Using the table allows the slave to maintain a consistent value for the gtid_slave_pos system variable across server restarts. See Global Transaction ID.
You should never attempt to modify the table directly. If you do need to change the global gtid_slave_pos value, use
SET GLOBAL gtid_slave_pos = ... instead.
The table is updated with the new position as part of each transaction committed during replication. This makes it preferable that the table is using the same storage engine as the tables otherwise being modified in the transaction, since otherwise a multi-engine transaction is needed that can reduce performance.
Starting from MariaDB 10.3.1, multiple versions of this table are supported, each using a different storage engine. This is selected with the gtid_pos_auto_engines option, by giving a comma-separated list of engine names. The server will then on-demand create an extra version of the table using the appropriate storage engine, and select the table version using the same engine as the rest of the transaction, avoiding multi-engine transactions.
For example, when
mysql.gtid_slave_pos_RocksDB will be created
and used, if needed. If there is no match to the storage engine, the
default mysql.gtid_slave_pos table will be used; this also happens if
non-transactional updates (like MyISAM) are replicated, since there is then
no active transaction at the time of the mysql.gtid_slave_pos table update.
Prior to MariaDB 10.3.1, only the default mysql.gtid_slave_pos table is available. In these versions, the table should preferably be using the storage engine that is used for most replicated transactions.
The default mysql.gtid_slave_pos table will be initially created using the default storage engine set for the server (which itself defaults to InnoDB). If the application load is primarily non-transactional MyISAM or Aria tables, it can be beneficial to change the storage engine to avoid including an InnoDB update with every operation:
ALTER TABLE mysql.gtid_slave_pos ENGINE=MyISAM;
The mysql.gtid_slave_pos table should not be changed manually in any other way. From MariaDB 10.3.1, it is preferable to use the gtid_pos_auto_engines server variable to get the GTID position updates to use the TokuDB or RocksDB storage engine.
Note that for scalability reasons, the automatic creation of a new mysql.gtid_slave_posXXX table happens asynchronously when the first transaction with the new storage engine is committed. So the very first few transactions will update the old version of the table, until the new version is created and available.
mysql.gtid_slave_pos contains the following fields
|domain_id||int(10) unsigned||NO||PRI||NULL||Domain id (see Global Transaction ID domain ID.|
|sub_id||bigint(20) unsigned||NO||PRI||NULL||This field enables multiple parallel transactions within same domain_id to update this table without contention. At any instant, the replication state corresponds to records with largest sub_id for each domain_id.|
|server_id||int(10) unsigned||NO||NULL||Server id.|
|seq_no||bigint(20) unsigned||NO||NULL||Sequence number, an integer that is monotonically increasing for each new event group logged into the binlog.|
From MariaDB 10.3.1, some status variables are available to monitor the use
of the different
gtid_slave_pos table versions:
Number of replicated transactions where the update of the
table had to choose a storage engine that did not otherwise participate in
the transaction. This can indicate that setting gtid_pos_auto_engines
might be useful.
Number of replicated transactions that involved changes in multiple
(transactional) storage engines, before considering the update of
gtid_slave_pos. These are transactions that were already cross-engine,
independent of the GTID position update introduced by replication
Number of transactions that changed data in multiple (transactional) storage engines. If this is significantly larger than Rpl_transactions_multi_engine, it indicates that setting gtid_pos_auto_engines could reduce the need for cross-engine transactions.