Syntax

SHOW {INDEX | INDEXES | KEYS} 
 FROM tbl_name [FROM db_name]
 [WHERE expr]

Description

SHOW INDEX returns table index information. The format resembles that of the SQLStatistics call in ODBC.

You can use db_name.tbl_name as an alternative to the tbl_name FROM db_name syntax. These two statements are equivalent:

SHOW INDEX FROM mytable FROM mydb;
SHOW INDEX FROM mydb.mytable;

SHOW KEYS and SHOW INDEXES are synonyms for SHOW INDEX.

You can also list a table's indexes with the following command:

mysqlshow -k db_name tbl_name

See mysqlshow for more details.

The INFORMATION_SCHEMA.STATISTICS table stores similar information.

The following fields are returned by SHOW INDEX.

  • Table
    • Table name
  • Non_unique
    • 1 if the index permits duplicate values, 0 if values must be unique.
  • Key_name
    • Index name. The primary key is always named PRIMARY.
  • Seq_in_index
    • The column's sequence in the index, beginning with 1.
  • Column_name
    • Column name.
  • Collation
    • Either A, if the column is sorted in ascending order in the index, or NULL if it's not sorted.
  • Cardinality
    • Estimated number of unique values in the index. The cardinality statistics are calculated at various times, and can help the optimizer make improved decisions.
  • Sub_part
    • NULL if the entire column is included in the index, or the number of included characters if not.
  • Packed
    • NULL if the index is not packed, otherwise how the index is packed.
  • Null
    • NULL if NULL values are permitted in the column, an empty string if NULLs are not permitted.
  • Index_type
  • Comment
    • Other information, such as whether the index is disabled.
  • Index_comment
    • Contents of the COMMENT attribute when the index was created.

The WHERE and LIKE clauses can be given to select rows using more general conditions, as discussed in Extended SHOW.

Examples

CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS `employees_example` (
  `id` int(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
  `first_name` varchar(30) NOT NULL,
  `last_name` varchar(40) NOT NULL,
  `position` varchar(25) NOT NULL,
  `home_address` varchar(50) NOT NULL,
  `home_phone` varchar(12) NOT NULL,
  `employee_code` varchar(25) NOT NULL,
  PRIMARY KEY (`id`),
  UNIQUE KEY `employee_code` (`employee_code`),
  KEY `first_name` (`first_name`,`last_name`)
) ENGINE=Aria;

INSERT INTO `employees_example` (`first_name`, `last_name`, `position`, `home_address`, `home_phone`, `employee_code`)
  VALUES
  ('Mustapha', 'Mond', 'Chief Executive Officer', '692 Promiscuous Plaza', '326-555-3492', 'MM1'),
  ('Henry', 'Foster', 'Store Manager', '314 Savage Circle', '326-555-3847', 'HF1'),
  ('Bernard', 'Marx', 'Cashier', '1240 Ambient Avenue', '326-555-8456', 'BM1'),
  ('Lenina', 'Crowne', 'Cashier', '281 Bumblepuppy Boulevard', '328-555-2349', 'LC1'),
  ('Fanny', 'Crowne', 'Restocker', '1023 Bokanovsky Lane', '326-555-6329', 'FC1'),
  ('Helmholtz', 'Watson', 'Janitor', '944 Soma Court', '329-555-2478', 'HW1');

SHOW INDEXES FROM employees_example;
+-------------------+------------+---------------+--------------+---------------+-----------+-------------+----------+--------+------+------------+---------+---------------+
| Table             | Non_unique | Key_name      | Seq_in_index | Column_name   | Collation | Cardinality | Sub_part | Packed | Null | Index_type | Comment | Index_comment |
+-------------------+------------+---------------+--------------+---------------+-----------+-------------+----------+--------+------+------------+---------+---------------+
| employees_example |          0 | PRIMARY       |            1 | id            | A         |           7 |     NULL | NULL   |      | BTREE      |         |               |
| employees_example |          0 | employee_code |            1 | employee_code | A         |           7 |     NULL | NULL   |      | BTREE      |         |               |
| employees_example |          1 | first_name    |            1 | first_name    | A         |        NULL |     NULL | NULL   |      | BTREE      |         |               |
| employees_example |          1 | first_name    |            2 | last_name     | A         |        NULL |     NULL | NULL   |      | BTREE      |         |               |
+-------------------+------------+---------------+--------------+---------------+-----------+-------------+----------+--------+------+------------+---------+---------------+

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