Description

On MyISAM and Aria tables, as well as on InnoDB tables from MariaDB 10.2.2, MariaDB can create spatial indexes (an R-tree index) using syntax similar to that for creating regular indexes, but extended with the SPATIAL keyword. Currently, columns in spatial indexes must be declared NOT NULL.

Spatial indexes can be created when the table is created, or added after the fact like so:

  • with CREATE TABLE:
    CREATE TABLE geom (g GEOMETRY NOT NULL, SPATIAL INDEX(g));
    
  • with ALTER TABLE:
    ALTER TABLE geom ADD SPATIAL INDEX(g);
    
  • with CREATE INDEX:
    CREATE SPATIAL INDEX sp_index ON geom (g);
    

SPATIAL INDEX creates an R-tree index. For storage engines that support non-spatial indexing of spatial columns, the engine creates a B-tree index. A B-tree index on spatial values is useful for exact-value lookups, but not for range scans.

For more information on indexing spatial columns, see CREATE INDEX.

To drop spatial indexes, use ALTER TABLE or DROP INDEX:

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