The mysqltest program runs a test case against a MariaDB or MySQL server and optionally compares the output with a result file. This program reads input written in a special test language. Typically, you invoke mysqltest via mysql-test-run.pl rather than invoking it directly.

mysqltest_embedded is similar but is built with support for the libmysqld embedded server.

Features of mysqltest:

  • Can send SQL statements to the server for execution
  • Can execute external shell commands
  • Can test whether the result from an SQL statement or shell command is as expected
  • Can connect to one or more standalone mysqld servers and switch between connections
  • Can connect to an embedded server (libmysqld), if MariaDB or MySQL is compiled with support for libmysqld. (In this case, the executable is named mysqltest_embedded rather than mysqltest.)

By default, mysqltest reads the test case on the standard input. To run mysqltest this way, you normally invoke it like this:

shell> mysqltest [options] [db_name] < test_file

You can also name the test case file with a --test-file=file_name option.

The exit value from mysqltest is 0 for success, 1 for failure, and 62 if it skips the test case (for example, if after checking some preconditions it decides not to run the test).

mysqltest supports the following options:

  • --help, -?
    Display a help message and exit.
  • --basedir=dir_name, -b dir_name
    The base directory for tests.
  • --character-sets-dir=path
    The directory where character sets are installed.
  • --compress, -C
    Compress all information sent between the client and the server if both support compression.
  • --connect-timeout=N
    This can be used to set the MYSQL_OPT_CONNECT_TIMEOUT parameter of mysql_options to change the number of seconds before an unsuccessful connection attempt times out.
  • --cursor-protocol
    Use cursors for prepared statements.
  • --database=db_name, -D db_name
    The default database to use.
  • --debug[=debug_options], -#[debug_options]
    Write a debugging log if MariaDB or MySQL is built with debugging support. The default debug_options value is d:t:S:i:O,/tmp/mysqltest.trace on Unix and d:t:i:O,\mysqld.trace on Windows.
  • --debug-check
    Print some debugging information when the program exits.
  • --debug-info
    Print debugging information and memory and CPU usage statistics when the program exits.
  • --host=host_name, -h host_name
    Connect to the server on the given host.
  • --include=file_name, -i file_name
    Include the contents of the given file before processing the contents of the test file. The included file should have the same format as other mysqltest test files. This option has the same effect as putting a --source file_name command as the first line of the test file.
  • --logdir=dir_name
    The directory to use for log files.
  • --mark-progress
    Write the line number and elapsed time to test_file.progress.
  • --max-connect-retries=num
    The maximum number of connection attempts when connecting to server.
  • --max-connections=num
    The maximum number of simultaneous server connections per client (that is, per test). If not set, the maximum is 128. Minimum allowed limit is 8, maximum is 5120.

    This option is available from MySQL 5.1.45.
  • --no-defaults
    Do not read default options from any option files. If used, this must be the first option.
  • --password[=password], -p[password]
    The password to use when connecting to the server. If you use the short option form (-p), you cannot have a space between the option and the password. If you omit the password value following the --password or -p option on the command line, you are prompted for one.
  • --port=port_num, -P port_num
    The TCP/IP port number to use for the connection.
  • --ps-protocol
    Use the prepared-statement protocol for communication.
  • --quiet
    Suppress all normal output. This is a synonym for --silent.
  • --record, -r
    Record the output that results from running the test file into the file named by the --result-file option, if that option is given. It is an error to use this option without also using --result-file.
  • --result-file=file_name, -R file_name
    This option specifies the file for test case expected results. --result-file, together with --record, determines how mysqltest treats the test actual and expected results for a test case:
    • If the test produces no results, mysqltest exits with an error message to that effect, unless --result-file is given and the named file is an empty file.
    • Otherwise, if --result-file is not given, mysqltest sends test results to the standard output.
    • With --result-file but not --record, mysqltest reads the expected results from the given file and compares them with the actual results. If the results do not match, mysqltest writes a .reject file in the same directory as the result file, outputs a diff of the two files, and exits with an error.
    • With both --result-file and --record, mysqltest updates the given file by writing the actual test results to it.
  • --server-arg=value, -A value
    Pass the argument as an argument to the embedded server. For example, --server-arg=--tmpdir=/tmp or --server-arg=--core. Up to 64 arguments can be given.
  • --server-file=file_name, -F file_name
    Read arguments for the embedded server from the given file. The file should contain one argument per line.
  • --silent, -s
    Suppress all normal output.
  • --skip-safemalloc
    Do not use memory allocation checking.
  • --sleep=num, -T num
    Cause all sleep commands in the test case file to sleep num seconds. This option does not affect real_sleep commands.

    As of MySQL 5.0.23, an option value of 0 can be used, which effectively disables sleep commands in the test case.
  • --socket=path, -S path
    The socket file to use when connecting to localhost (which is the default host).
  • --sp-protocol
    Execute DML statements within a stored procedure. For every DML statement, mysqltest creates and invokes a stored procedure that executes the statement rather than executing the statement directly.
  • --tail-lines=nn
    Specify how many lines of the result to include in the output if the test fails because an SQL statement fails. The default is 0, meaning no lines of result printed.
  • --test-file=file_name, -x file_name
    Read test input from this file. The default is to read from the standard input.
  • --timer-file=file_name, -m file_name
    If given, the number of millisecond spent running the test will be written to this file. This is used by mysql-test-run.pl for its reporting.
  • --tmpdir=dir_name, -t dir_name
    The temporary directory where socket files are created.
  • --user=user_name, -u user_name
    The user name to use when connecting to the server.
  • --verbose, -v
    Verbose mode. Print out more information about what the program does.
  • --version, -V
    Display version information and exit.
  • --view-protocol
    Every SELECT statement is wrapped inside a view. This option was added in MySQL 5.0.19.

See also

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