Syntax

YEAR[(4)]

Description

A year in two-digit or four-digit format. The default is four-digit format. Note that the two-digit format has been deprecated since 5.5.27.

In four-digit format, the allowable values are 1901 to 2155, and 0000. In two-digit format, the allowable values are 70 to 69, representing years from 1970 to 2069. MariaDB displays YEAR values in YYYY format, but allows you to assign values to YEAR columns using either strings or numbers.

Inserting numeric zero has a different result for YEAR(4) and YEAR(2). For YEAR(2), the value 00 reflects the year 2000. For YEAR(4), the value 0000 reflects the year zero. This only applies to numeric zero. String zero always reflects the year 2000.

Examples

Accepting a string or a number:

CREATE TABLE y(y YEAR);

INSERT INTO y VALUES (1990),('2012');

SELECT * FROM y;
+------+
| y    |
+------+
| 1990 |
| 2012 |
+------+

Out of range:

INSERT INTO y VALUES (1005),('3080');
Query OK, 2 rows affected, 2 warnings (0.05 sec)
Records: 2  Duplicates: 0  Warnings: 2

SHOW WARNINGS;
+---------+------+--------------------------------------------+
| Level   | Code | Message                                    |
+---------+------+--------------------------------------------+
| Warning | 1264 | Out of range value for column 'y' at row 1 |
| Warning | 1264 | Out of range value for column 'y' at row 2 |
+---------+------+--------------------------------------------+

SELECT * FROM y;
+------+
| y    |
+------+
| 1990 |
| 2012 |
| 0000 |
| 0000 |
+------+

Truncating:

INSERT INTO y VALUES ('2013-12-12');
Query OK, 1 row affected, 1 warning (0.05 sec)

SHOW WARNINGS;
+---------+------+----------------------------------------+
| Level   | Code | Message                                |
+---------+------+----------------------------------------+
| Warning | 1265 | Data truncated for column 'y' at row 1 |
+---------+------+----------------------------------------+

SELECT * FROM y;
+------+
| y    |
+------+
| 1990 |
| 2012 |
| 0000 |
| 0000 |
| 2013 |
+------+

Difference between YEAR(2) and YEAR(4), and string and numeric zero:

CREATE TABLE y2(y YEAR(4), y2 YEAR(2));
Query OK, 0 rows affected, 1 warning (0.40 sec)

Note (Code 1287): 'YEAR(2)' is deprecated and will be removed in a future release. Please use YEAR(4) instead

INSERT INTO y2 VALUES(0,0),('0','0');

SELECT YEAR(y),YEAR(y2) FROM y;
+---------+----------+
| YEAR(y) | YEAR(y2) |
+---------+----------+
|       0 |     2000 |
|    2000 |     2000 |
+---------+----------+

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