Does the Password Prompt Appear Before or After Establishing a Connection?

Question: When I use the mysql client as in mysql -u root -p -h <host>, does the password-enter prompt popup before or after the client has established a connection with the server?

Answer: Before the client has established a connection to the server.

How do we derive the answer?

lovegood:~ byte$ mysql -uroot -p -hlocalhost
Enter password: 
Welcome to the MariaDB monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MariaDB connection id is 1
Server version: 5.2.8-MariaDB Source distribution

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MariaDB [(none)]> \q
lovegood:~ byte$ mysql.server stop
Shutting down MySQL
lovegood:~ byte$ mysql -uroot -p -hlocalhost
Enter password: 
ERROR 2002 (HY000): Can't connect to local MySQL server through socket '/tmp/mysql.sock' (2)


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