REGEXP_REPLACE(subject, pattern, replace)
REGEXP_REPLACE returns the string
subject with all occurrences of the regular expression
pattern replaced by the string
replace. If no occurrences are found, then
subject is returned as is.
The replace string can have backreferences to the subexpressions in the form \N, where N is a number from 1 to 9.
The function follows the case sensitivity rules of the effective collation. Matching is performed case insensitively for case insensitive collations, and case sensitively for case sensitive collations and for binary data.
The collation case sensitivity can be overwritten using the (?i) and (?-i) PCRE flags.
MariaDB uses the PCRE regular expression library for enhanced regular expression performance, and
REGEXP_REPLACE was introduced as part of this enhancement.
The default_regex_flags variable addresses the remaining compatibilities between PCRE and the old regex library.
SELECT REGEXP_REPLACE('ab12cd','[0-9]','') AS remove_digits; -> abcd SELECT REGEXP_REPLACE('<html><head><title>title</title><body>body</body></htm>', '<.+?>',' ') AS strip_html; -> title body
Backreferences to the subexpressions in the form
\N, where N is a number from 1 to 9:
SELECT REGEXP_REPLACE('James Bond','^(.*) (.*)$','\\2, \\1') AS reorder_name; -> Bond, James
Case insensitive and case sensitive matches:
SELECT REGEXP_REPLACE('ABC','b','-') AS case_insensitive; -> A-C SELECT REGEXP_REPLACE('ABC' COLLATE utf8_bin,'b','-') AS case_sensitive; -> ABC SELECT REGEXP_REPLACE(BINARY 'ABC','b','-') AS binary_data; -> ABC
Overwriting the collation case sensitivity using the (?i) and (?-i) PCRE flags.
SELECT REGEXP_REPLACE('ABC','(?-i)b','-') AS force_case_sensitive; -> ABC SELECT REGEXP_REPLACE(BINARY 'ABC','(?i)b','-') AS force_case_insensitive; -> A-C