MariaDB starting with 10.4.2

The BACKUP LOCK command was introduced in MariaDB 10.4.2.

BACKUP LOCK blocks a table from DDL statements. This is mainly intended to be used by tools like mariabackup that need to ensure there are no DDLs on a table while the table files are opened. For example, for an Aria table that stores data in 3 files with extensions .frm, .MAI and .MAD. Normal read/write operations can continue as normal.


To lock a table:

BACKUP LOCK table_name

To unlock a table:


Usage in a Backup Tool

BACKUP LOCK [database.]table_name;
 - Open all files related to a table (for example, t.frm, t.MAI and t.MYD)
- Copy data
- Close files

This ensures that all files are from the same generation, that is created at the same time by the MariaDB server. This works, because the open files will point to the original table files which will not be affected if there is any ALTER TABLE while copying the files.


BACKUP LOCK requires the RELOAD privilege.


  • The idea is that the BACKUP LOCK should be held for as short a time as possible by the backup tool. The time to take an uncontested lock is very short! One can easily do 50,000 locks/unlocks per second on low end hardware.
  • One should use different connections for BACKUP STAGE commands and BACKUP LOCK.


  • Internally, BACKUP LOCK is implemented by taking an MDLSHARED_HIGH_PRIO MDL lock on the table object, which protects the table from any DDL operations.

See Also


Comments loading...
Content reproduced on this site is the property of its respective owners, and this content is not reviewed in advance by MariaDB. The views, information and opinions expressed by this content do not necessarily represent those of MariaDB or any other party.