CREATE PACKAGE

The CREATE PACKAGE statement can be used when Oracle SQL_MODE is set, or in any mode from MariaDB 11.4.

In Oracle mode, the PL/SQL dialect is used, while in non-Oracle mode, SQL/PSM is used.

Syntax (Oracle mode)

CREATE
    [ OR REPLACE]
    [DEFINER = { user | CURRENT_USER | role | CURRENT_ROLE }]
    PACKAGE [ IF NOT EXISTS ]
    [ db_name . ] package_name
    [ package_characteristic ... ]
{ AS | IS }
    [ package_specification_element ... ]
END [ package_name ]


package_characteristic:
    COMMENT 'string'
  | SQL SECURITY { DEFINER | INVOKER }


package_specification_element:
    FUNCTION_SYM package_specification_function ;
  | PROCEDURE_SYM package_specification_procedure ;


package_specification_function:
    func_name [ ( func_param [, func_param]... ) ]
    RETURN type
    [ package_routine_characteristic... ]

package_specification_procedure:
    proc_name [ ( proc_param [, proc_param]... ) ]
    [ package_routine_characteristic... ]

func_param:
    param_name [ IN | OUT | INOUT | IN OUT ] type

proc_param:
    param_name [ IN | OUT | INOUT | IN OUT ] type

type:
    Any valid MariaDB explicit or anchored data type


package_routine_characteristic:
      COMMENT  'string'
    | LANGUAGE SQL
    | { CONTAINS SQL | NO SQL | READS SQL DATA | MODIFIES SQL DATA }
    | SQL SECURITY { DEFINER | INVOKER }

Syntax (non-Oracle mode)

CREATE
    [ OR REPLACE]
    [DEFINER = { user | CURRENT_USER | role | CURRENT_ROLE }]
    PACKAGE [ IF NOT EXISTS ]
    [ db_name . ] package_name
    [ package_characteristic ... ]
    [ package_specification_element ... ]
END


package_characteristic:
    COMMENT 'string'
  | SQL SECURITY { DEFINER | INVOKER }


package_specification_element:
    FUNCTION_SYM package_specification_function ;
  | PROCEDURE_SYM package_specification_procedure ;


package_specification_function:
    func_name [ ( func_param [, func_param]... ) ]
    RETURNS type
    [ package_routine_characteristic... ]

package_specification_procedure:
    proc_name [ ( proc_param [, proc_param]... ) ]
    [ package_routine_characteristic... ]

func_param:
    param_name [ IN | OUT | INOUT | IN OUT ] type

proc_param:
    param_name [ IN | OUT | INOUT | IN OUT ] type

type:
    Any valid MariaDB explicit or anchored data type


package_routine_characteristic:
      COMMENT  'string'
    | LANGUAGE SQL
    | { CONTAINS SQL | NO SQL | READS SQL DATA | MODIFIES SQL DATA }
    | SQL SECURITY { DEFINER | INVOKER }

Description

The CREATE PACKAGE statement can be used when Oracle SQL_MODE is set, or in any mode from MariaDB 11.4.

CREATE PACKAGE creates the specification for a stored package (a collection of logically related stored objects). A stored package specification declares public routines (procedures and functions) of the package, but does not implement these routines.

A package whose specification was created by the CREATE PACKAGE statement, should later be implemented using the CREATE PACKAGE BODY statement.

Function parameter quantifiers IN | OUT | INOUT | IN OUT

MariaDB starting with 10.8.0

The function parameter quantifiers for IN, OUT, INOUT, and IN OUT where added in a 10.8.0 preview release. Prior to 10.8.0 quantifiers were supported only in procedures.

OUT, INOUT and its equivalent IN OUT, are only valid if called from SET and not SELECT. These quantifiers are especially useful for creating functions and procedures with more than one return value. This allows functions and procedures to be more complex and nested.

Examples

Oracle mode:

SET sql_mode=ORACLE;
DELIMITER $$
CREATE OR REPLACE PACKAGE employee_tools AS
  FUNCTION getSalary(eid INT) RETURN DECIMAL(10,2);
  PROCEDURE raiseSalary(eid INT, amount DECIMAL(10,2));
  PROCEDURE raiseSalaryStd(eid INT);
  PROCEDURE hire(ename TEXT, esalary DECIMAL(10,2));
END;
$$
DELIMITER ;

From MariaDB 11.4, non-Oracle mode:

SET sql_mode='';

DELIMITER $$

CREATE OR REPLACE PACKAGE pkg
  PROCEDURE p1();
  FUNCTION f1() RETURNS INT;
END;
$$

DELIMITER ;

See Also

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