Flashback is a feature that will allow instances, databases or tables to be rolled back to an old snapshot.
Flashback is currently supported only over DML statements (INSERT, DELETE, UPDATE). An upcoming version of MariaDB will add support for flashback over DDL statements (DROP, TRUNCATE, ALTER, etc.) by copying or moving the current table to a reserved and hidden database, and then copying or moving back when using flashback. See MDEV-10571.
Flashback is achieved in MariaDB Server using existing support for full image format binary logs (
binlog_row_image=FULL), so it supports all engines.
The real work of Flashback is done by mysqlbinlog with
--flashback. This causes events to be translated: INSERT to DELETE, DELETE to INSERT, and for UPDATEs the before and after images are swapped.
--flashback, the Flashback events will be stored in memory. You should make sure your server has enough memory for this feature.
- mysqlbinlog has a new option:
-Bthat will let it work in flashback mode.
- mysqld has a new option: --flashback that enables the binary log and sets
binlog_format=ROW. It is not mandatory to use this option if you have already enabled those options directly.
With a table "mytable" in database "test", you can compare the output with
--flashback and without.
mysqlbinlog /var/lib/mysql/mysql-bin.000001 -vv -d test -T mytable \ --start-datetime="2013-03-27 14:54:00" > review.sql
mysqlbinlog /var/lib/mysql/mysql-bin.000001 -vv -d test -T mytable \ --start-datetime="2013-03-27 14:54:00" --flashback > flashback.sql
If you know the exact position,
--start-position can be used instead of
Then, by importing the output file (
mysql < flashback.sql), you can flash your database/table back to the specified time or position.
Common Use Case
A common use case for Flashback is the following scenario:
- You have one master and two slaves, one started with
--flashback(i.e. with binary logging enabled, using
- Something goes wrong on the master (like a wrong update or delete) and you would like to revert to a state of the database (or just a table) at a certain point in time.
- Remove the flashback-enabled slave from replication.
mysqlbinlogto find the exact log position of the first offending operation after the state you want to revert to.
mysqlbinlog --flashback --start-position=xyz | mysqlto pipe the output of mysqlbinlog directly to the
mysqlclient, or save the output to a file and then direct the file to the command-line client.