The relay log is a set of log files created by a replica during replication.
It's the same format as the binary log, containing a record of events that affect the data or structure; thus, mysqlbinlog can be used to display its contents. It consists of a set of relay log files and an index file containing a list of all relay log files.
Events are read from the primary's binary log and written to the replica's relay log. They are then performed on the replica. Old relay log files are automatically removed once they are no longer needed.
Creating Relay Log Files
New relay log files are created by the replica at the following times:
- when the IO thread starts
- when the logs are flushed, with FLUSH LOGS or mysqladmin flush-logs.
- when the maximum size, determined by the max_relay_log_size system variable, has been reached
Relay Log Names
By default, the relay log will be given a name
host_name referring to the server's host name, and #nnnnnn
the sequence number.
This will cause problems if the replica's host name changes, returning the error
Failed to open the relay log and
Could not find target log during relay log initialization. To prevent this, you can specify the relay log file name by setting the relay_log and relay_log_index system variables.
If you need to overcome this issue while replication is already underway,you can stop the replica, prepend the old relay log index file to the new relay log index file, and restart the replica.
shell> cat NEW_relay_log_name.index >> OLD_relay_log_name.index shell> mv NEW_relay_log_name.index OLD_relay_log_name.index
Viewing Relay Logs
Removing Old Relay Logs
Old relay logs are automatically removed once all events have been implemented on the replica, and the relay log file is no longer needed. This behavior can be changed by adjusting the relay_log_purge system variable from its default of
0, in which case the relay logs will be left on the server.
One can also flush the logs with the FLUSH RELAY LOGS commands.
If the relay logs are taking up too much space on the replica, the relay_log_space_limit system variable can be set to limit the size. The IO thread will stop until the SQL thread has cleared the backlog. By default there is no limit.