CHANGE MASTER TO

Syntax

CHANGE MASTER ['connection_name'] TO master_def [, master_def] ...

master_def:
    MASTER_BIND = 'interface_name'
  | MASTER_HOST = 'host_name'[
  | MASTER_USER = 'user_name'
  | MASTER_PASSWORD = 'password'
  | MASTER_PORT = port_num
  | MASTER_CONNECT_RETRY = interval
  | MASTER_HEARTBEAT_PERIOD = interval
  | MASTER_LOG_FILE = 'master_log_name'
  | MASTER_LOG_POS = master_log_pos
  | RELAY_LOG_FILE = 'relay_log_name'
  | RELAY_LOG_POS = relay_log_pos
  | MASTER_DELAY = interval
  | MASTER_SSL = {0|1}
  | MASTER_SSL_CA = 'ca_file_name'
  | MASTER_SSL_CAPATH = 'ca_directory_name'
  | MASTER_SSL_CERT = 'cert_file_name'
  | MASTER_SSL_CRL = 'crl_file_name'
  | MASTER_SSL_CRLPATH = 'crl_directory_name'
  | MASTER_SSL_KEY = 'key_file_name'
  | MASTER_SSL_CIPHER = 'cipher_list'
  | MASTER_SSL_VERIFY_SERVER_CERT = {0|1}
  | MASTER_USE_GTID = {current_pos|slave_pos|no}
  | IGNORE_SERVER_IDS = (server_id_list)
  | DO_DOMAIN_IDS = ([N,..])
  | IGNORE_DOMAIN_IDS = ([N,..])

Description

The CHANGE MASTER statement sets the options that a replication slave uses to connect to and replicate from a replication master.

MariaDB until 10.0.7

In MariaDB 10.0.7 and before, the relay_log_purge system variable was silently set to 0 when CHANGE MASTER was executed.

Multi-Source Replication

MariaDB starting with 10.0.1

Multi-source replication was added in MariaDB 10.0.1.

If you are using multi-source replication, then you need to specify a connection name when you execute CHANGE MASTER. There are two ways to do this:

  • Setting the default_master_connection system variable prior to executing CHANGE MASTER.
  • Setting the connection_name parameter when executing CHANGE MASTER.

default_master_connection

SET default_master_connection = 'gandalf';
STOP SLAVE;
CHANGE MASTER TO 
   MASTER_PASSWORD='new3cret';
START SLAVE;

connection_name

STOP SLAVE 'gandalf';
CHANGE MASTER 'gandalf' TO 
   MASTER_PASSWORD='new3cret';
START SLAVE 'gandalf';

Options

Connection Options

MASTER_USER

The MASTER_USER option for CHANGE MASTER defines the user account that the replication slave will use to connect to the replication master.

This user account will need the REPLICATION SLAVE privilege on the master.

For example:

STOP SLAVE;
CHANGE MASTER TO
   MASTER_USER='repl',
   MASTER_PASSWORD='new3cret';
START SLAVE;

MASTER_PASSWORD

The MASTER_USER option for CHANGE MASTER defines the password that the replication slave will use to connect to the replication master as the user account defined by the MASTER_USER option.

For example:

STOP SLAVE;
CHANGE MASTER TO 
   MASTER_PASSWORD='new3cret';
START SLAVE;

MASTER_HOST

The MASTER_HOST option for CHANGE MASTER defines the hostname or IP address of the replication master.

If you set the value of the MASTER_HOST option to the empty string, then that is not the same as not setting the option's value at all. In MariaDB 5.5 and later, if you set the value of the MASTER_HOST option to the empty string, then the CHANGE MASTER command will fail with an error. In MariaDB 5.3 and before, if you set the value of the MASTER_HOST option to the empty string, then the CHANGE MASTER command would succeed, but the subsequent START SLAVE command would fail.

For example:

STOP SLAVE;
CHANGE MASTER TO
   MASTER_HOST='dbserver1.example.com',
   MASTER_USER='repl',
   MASTER_PASSWORD='new3cret',
   MASTER_USE_GTID=slave_pos;
START SLAVE;

If you set the value of the MASTER_HOST option in a CHANGE MASTER command, then the slave assumes that the master is different from before, even if you set the value of this option to the same value it had previously. In this scenario, the slave will consider the old values for the master's binary log file name and position to be invalid for the new master. As a side effect, if you do not explicitly set the values of the MASTER_LOG_FILE and MASTER_LOG_POS options in the statement, then the statement will be implicitly appended with MASTER_LOG_FILE='' and MASTER_LOG_POS=4. However, if you enable GTID mode for replication by setting the MASTER_USE_GTID option to some value other than no in the statement, then these values will effectively be ignored anyway.

Replication slaves cannot connect to replication masters using Unix socket files or Windows named pipes. The replication slave must connect to the replication master using TCP/IP.

MASTER_PORT

The MASTER_PORT option for CHANGE MASTER defines the TCP/IP port of the replication master.

For example:

STOP SLAVE;
CHANGE MASTER TO
   MASTER_HOST='dbserver1.example.com',
   MASTER_PORT=3307,
   MASTER_USER='repl',
   MASTER_PASSWORD='new3cret',
   MASTER_USE_GTID=slave_pos;
START SLAVE;

If you set the value of the MASTER_PORT option in a CHANGE MASTER command, then the slave assumes that the master is different from before, even if you set the value of this option to the same value it had previously. In this scenario, the slave will consider the old values for the master's binary log file name and position to be invalid for the new master. As a side effect, if you do not explicitly set the values of the MASTER_LOG_FILE and MASTER_LOG_POS options in the statement, then the statement will be implicitly appended with MASTER_LOG_FILE='' and MASTER_LOG_POS=4. However, if you enable GTID mode for replication by setting the MASTER_USE_GTID option to some value other than no in the statement, then these values will effectively be ignored anyway.

Replication slaves cannot connect to replication masters using Unix socket files or Windows named pipes. The replication slave must connect to the replication master using TCP/IP.

MASTER_CONNECT_RETRY

The MASTER_CONNECT_RETRY option for CHANGE MASTER defines how many seconds that the slave will wait between connection retries. The default is 60.

STOP SLAVE;
CHANGE MASTER TO 
   MASTER_CONNECT_RETRY=20;
START SLAVE;

The number of connection attempts is limited by the master_retry_count option. It can be set either on the command-line or in a server option group in an option file prior to starting up the server. For example:

[mariadb]
...
master_retry_count=4294967295

MASTER_BIND

The MASTER_BIND option for CHANGE MASTER is only supported by MySQL 5.6.2 and later and by MySQL NDB Cluster 7.3.1 and later. This option is not yet supported by MariaDB. See MDEV-19248 for more information.

The MASTER_BIND option for CHANGE MASTER can be used on replication slaves that have multiple network interfaces to choose which network interface the slave will use to connect to the master.

MASTER_HEARTBEAT_PERIOD

The MASTER_HEARTBEAT_PERIOD option for CHANGE MASTER can be used to set the interval in seconds between replication heartbeats. Whenever the master's binary log is updated with an event, the waiting period for the next heartbeat is reset.

This option's interval argument has the following characteristics:

  • It is a decimal value with a range of 0 to 4294967 seconds.
  • It has a resolution of hundredths of a second.
  • Its smallest valid non-zero value is 0.001.
  • Its default value is the value of the slave_net_timeout system variable divided by 2.
  • If it's set to 0, then heartbeats are disabled.

Heartbeats are sent by the master only if there are no unsent events in the binary log file for a period longer than the interval.

If the RESET SLAVE statement is executed, then the heartbeat interval is reset to the default.

If the slave_net_timeout system variable is set to a value that is lower than the current heartbeat interval, then a warning will be issued.

TLS Options

The TLS options are used for providing information about TLS. The options can be set even on slaves that are compiled without TLS support. The TLS options are saved to either the default master.info file or the file that is configured by the master_info_file option, but these TLS options are ignored unless the slave supports TLS.

See Replication with Secure Connections for more information.

MASTER_SSL

The MASTER_SSL option for CHANGE MASTER tells the slave whether to force TLS for the connection. The valid values are 0 or 1.

For example:

STOP SLAVE;
CHANGE MASTER TO
   MASTER_SSL=1;
START SLAVE;

MASTER_SSL_CA

The MASTER_SSL_CA option for CHANGE MASTER defines a path to a PEM file that should contain one or more X509 certificates for trusted Certificate Authorities (CAs) to use for TLS. This option requires that you use the absolute path, not a relative path. This option implies the MASTER_SSL option.

For example:

STOP SLAVE;
CHANGE MASTER TO
   MASTER_SSL_CERT='/etc/my.cnf.d/certificates/server-cert.pem',
   MASTER_SSL_KEY='/etc/my.cnf.d/certificates/server-key.pem',
   MASTER_SSL_CA='/etc/my.cnf.d/certificates/ca.pem',
   MASTER_SSL_VERIFY_SERVER_CERT=1;
START SLAVE;

See Secure Connections Overview: Certificate Authorities (CAs) for more information.

MASTER_SSL_CAPATH

The MASTER_SSL_CAPATH option for CHANGE MASTER defines a path to a directory that contains one or more PEM files that should each contain one X509 certificate for a trusted Certificate Authority (CA) to use for TLS. This option requires that you use the absolute path, not a relative path. The directory specified by this option needs to be run through the openssl rehash command. This option implies the MASTER_SSL option.

For example:

STOP SLAVE;
CHANGE MASTER TO
   MASTER_SSL_CERT='/etc/my.cnf.d/certificates/server-cert.pem',
   MASTER_SSL_KEY='/etc/my.cnf.d/certificates/server-key.pem',
   MASTER_SSL_CAPATH='/etc/my.cnf.d/certificates/ca/',
   MASTER_SSL_VERIFY_SERVER_CERT=1;
START SLAVE;

See Secure Connections Overview: Certificate Authorities (CAs) for more information.

MASTER_SSL_CERT

The MASTER_SSL_CERT option for CHANGE MASTER defines a path to the X509 certificate file to use for TLS. This option requires that you use the absolute path, not a relative path. This option implies the MASTER_SSL option.

For example:

STOP SLAVE;
CHANGE MASTER TO
   MASTER_SSL_CERT='/etc/my.cnf.d/certificates/server-cert.pem',
   MASTER_SSL_KEY='/etc/my.cnf.d/certificates/server-key.pem',
   MASTER_SSL_CA='/etc/my.cnf.d/certificates/ca.pem',
   MASTER_SSL_VERIFY_SERVER_CERT=1;
START SLAVE;

MASTER_SSL_CRL

The MASTER_SSL_CRL option for CHANGE MASTER defines a path to a PEM file that should contain one or more revoked X509 certificates to use for TLS. This option requires that you use the absolute path, not a relative path.

This option is only supported if the server was built with OpenSSL. If the server was built with yaSSL, then this option is not supported. See TLS and Cryptography Libraries Used by MariaDB for more information about which libraries are used on which platforms.

For example:

STOP SLAVE;
CHANGE MASTER TO
   MASTER_SSL_CERT='/etc/my.cnf.d/certificates/server-cert.pem',
   MASTER_SSL_KEY='/etc/my.cnf.d/certificates/server-key.pem',
   MASTER_SSL_CA='/etc/my.cnf.d/certificates/ca.pem',
   MASTER_SSL_VERIFY_SERVER_CERT=1,
   MASTER_SSL_CRL='/etc/my.cnf.d/certificates/crl.pem';
START SLAVE;

See Secure Connections Overview: Certificate Revocation Lists (CRLs) for more information.

MASTER_SSL_CRLPATH

The MASTER_SSL_CRLPATH option for CHANGE MASTER defines a path to a directory that contains one or more PEM files that should each contain one revoked X509 certificate to use for TLS. This option requires that you use the absolute path, not a relative path. The directory specified by this variable needs to be run through the openssl rehash command.

This option is only supported if the server was built with OpenSSL. If the server was built with yaSSL, then this option is not supported. See TLS and Cryptography Libraries Used by MariaDB for more information about which libraries are used on which platforms.

For example:

STOP SLAVE;
CHANGE MASTER TO
   MASTER_SSL_CERT='/etc/my.cnf.d/certificates/server-cert.pem',
   MASTER_SSL_KEY='/etc/my.cnf.d/certificates/server-key.pem',
   MASTER_SSL_CA='/etc/my.cnf.d/certificates/ca.pem',
   MASTER_SSL_VERIFY_SERVER_CERT=1,
   MASTER_SSL_CRLPATH='/etc/my.cnf.d/certificates/crl/';
START SLAVE;

See Secure Connections Overview: Certificate Revocation Lists (CRLs) for more information.

MASTER_SSL_KEY

The MASTER_SSL_KEY option for CHANGE MASTER defines a path to a private key file to use for TLS. This option requires that you use the absolute path, not a relative path. This option implies the MASTER_SSL option.

For example:

STOP SLAVE;
CHANGE MASTER TO
   MASTER_SSL_CERT='/etc/my.cnf.d/certificates/server-cert.pem',
   MASTER_SSL_KEY='/etc/my.cnf.d/certificates/server-key.pem',
   MASTER_SSL_CA='/etc/my.cnf.d/certificates/ca.pem',
   MASTER_SSL_VERIFY_SERVER_CERT=1;
START SLAVE;

MASTER_SSL_CIPHER

The MASTER_SSL_CIPHER option for CHANGE MASTER defines the list of permitted ciphers or cipher suites to use for TLS. Besides cipher names, if MariaDB was compiled with OpenSSL, this option could be set to "SSLv3" or "TLSv1.2" to allow all SSLv3 or all TLSv1.2 ciphers. Note that the TLSv1.3 ciphers cannot be excluded when using OpenSSL, even by using this option. See Using TLSv1.3 for details. This option implies the MASTER_SSL option.

For example:

STOP SLAVE;
CHANGE MASTER TO
   MASTER_SSL_CERT='/etc/my.cnf.d/certificates/server-cert.pem',
   MASTER_SSL_KEY='/etc/my.cnf.d/certificates/server-key.pem',
   MASTER_SSL_CA='/etc/my.cnf.d/certificates/ca.pem',
   MASTER_SSL_VERIFY_SERVER_CERT=1,
   MASTER_SSL_CIPHER='TLSv1.2';
START SLAVE;

MASTER_SSL_VERIFY_SERVER_CERT

The MASTER_SSL_VERIFY_SERVER_CERT option for CHANGE MASTER enables server certificate verification. This option is disabled by default.

For example:

STOP SLAVE;
CHANGE MASTER TO
   MASTER_SSL_CERT='/etc/my.cnf.d/certificates/server-cert.pem',
   MASTER_SSL_KEY='/etc/my.cnf.d/certificates/server-key.pem',
   MASTER_SSL_CA='/etc/my.cnf.d/certificates/ca.pem',
   MASTER_SSL_VERIFY_SERVER_CERT=1;
START SLAVE;

See Secure Connections Overview: Server Certificate Verification for more information.

Binary Log Options

These options are related to the binary log position on the master.

MASTER_LOG_FILE

The MASTER_LOG_FILE option for CHANGE MASTER can be used along with MASTER_LOG_POS to specify the coordinates at which the slave's I/O thread should begin reading from the master's binary logs the next time the thread starts.

For example:

STOP SLAVE;
CHANGE MASTER TO
   MASTER_LOG_FILE='master2-bin.001',
   MASTER_LOG_POS=4;
START SLAVE;

The MASTER_LOG_FILE and MASTER_LOG_POS options cannot be specified if the RELAY_LOG_FILE and RELAY_LOG_POS options were also specified.

The MASTER_LOG_FILE and MASTER_LOG_POS options are effectively ignored if you enable GTID mode for replication by setting the MASTER_USE_GTID option to some value other than no in the statement.

MASTER_LOG_POS

The MASTER_LOG_POS option for CHANGE MASTER can be used along with MASTER_LOG_FILE to specify the coordinates at which the slave's I/O thread should begin reading from the master's binary logs the next time the thread starts.

For example:

STOP SLAVE;
CHANGE MASTER TO
   MASTER_LOG_FILE='master2-bin.001',
   MASTER_LOG_POS=4;
START SLAVE;

The MASTER_LOG_FILE and MASTER_LOG_POS options cannot be specified if the RELAY_LOG_FILE and RELAY_LOG_POS options were also specified.

The MASTER_LOG_FILE and MASTER_LOG_POS options are effectively ignored if you enable GTID mode for replication by setting the MASTER_USE_GTID option to some value other than no in the statement.

Relay Log Options

These options are related to the relay log position on the slave.

RELAY_LOG_FILE

The RELAY_LOG_FILE option for CHANGE MASTER can be used along with the RELAY_LOG_POS option to specify the coordinates at which the slave's SQL thread should begin reading from the relay log the next time the thread starts.

The CHANGE MASTER statement usually deletes all relay log files. However, if the RELAY_LOG_FILE and/or RELAY_LOG_POS options are specified, then existing relay log files are kept.

When you want to change the relay log position, you only need to stop the slave's SQL thread. The slave's I/O thread can continue running. The STOP SLAVE and START SLAVE statements support the SQL_THREAD option for this scenario. For example:

STOP SLAVE SQL_THREAD;
CHANGE MASTER TO
   RELAY_LOG_FILE='slave-relay-bin.006',
   RELAY_LOG_POS=4025;
START SLAVE SQL_THREAD;

When the value of this option is changed, the metadata about the slave's SQL thread's position in the relay logs will also be changed in the relay-log.info file or the file that is configured by the relay_log_info_file system variable.

The RELAY_LOG_FILE and RELAY_LOG_POS options cannot be specified if the MASTER_LOG_FILE and MASTER_LOG_POS options were also specified.

RELAY_LOG_POS

The RELAY_LOG_POS option for CHANGE MASTER can be used along with the RELAY_LOG_FILE option to specify the coordinates at which the slave's SQL thread should begin reading from the relay log the next time the thread starts.

The CHANGE MASTER statement usually deletes all relay log files. However, if the RELAY_LOG_FILE and/or RELAY_LOG_POS options are specified, then existing relay log files are kept.

When you want to change the relay log position, you only need to stop the slave's SQL thread. The slave's I/O thread can continue running. The STOP SLAVE and START SLAVE statements support the SQL_THREAD option for this scenario. For example:

STOP SLAVE SQL_THREAD;
CHANGE MASTER TO
   RELAY_LOG_FILE='slave-relay-bin.006',
   RELAY_LOG_POS=4025;
START SLAVE SQL_THREAD;

When the value of this option is changed, the metadata about the slave's SQL thread's position in the relay logs will also be changed in the relay-log.info file or the file that is configured by the relay_log_info_file system variable.

The RELAY_LOG_FILE and RELAY_LOG_POS options cannot be specified if the MASTER_LOG_FILE and MASTER_LOG_POS options were also specified.

GTID Options

MASTER_USE_GTID

MariaDB starting with 10.0.2

The MASTER_USE_GTID option for CHANGE MASTER was first added in MariaDB 10.0.2 to enable replication with Global Transaction IDs (GTIDs).

The MASTER_USE_GTID option for CHANGE MASTER can be used to configure the slave to use the global transaction ID (GTID) when connecting to a master. The possible values are:

  • current_pos - Replicate in GTID mode and use gtid_current_pos as the position to start downloading transactions from the master.
  • slave_pos - Replicate in GTID mode and use gtid_slave_pos as the position to start downloading transactions from the master.
  • no - Don't replicate in GTID mode.

For example:

STOP SLAVE;
CHANGE MASTER TO
   MASTER_USE_GTID = current_pos;
START SLAVE;

Or:

STOP SLAVE;
SET GLOBAL gtid_slave_pos='0-1-153';
CHANGE MASTER TO
   MASTER_USE_GTID = slave_pos;
START SLAVE;

Replication Filter Options

IGNORE_SERVER_IDS

The IGNORE_SERVER_IDS option for CHANGE MASTER can be used to configure a replication slave to ignore binary log events that originated from certain servers. Filtered binary log events will not get logged to the slave’s relay log, and they will not be applied by the slave.

The option's value can be specified by providing a comma-separated list of server_id values. For example:

STOP SLAVE;
CHANGE MASTER TO 
   IGNORE_SERVER_IDS = (3,5);
START SLAVE;

If you would like to clear a previously set list, then you can set the value to an empty list. For example:

STOP SLAVE;
CHANGE MASTER TO 
   IGNORE_SERVER_IDS = ();
START SLAVE;

DO_DOMAIN_IDS

MariaDB starting with 10.1.2

The DO_DOMAIN_IDS option for CHANGE MASTER was first added in MariaDB 10.1.2.

The DO_DOMAIN_IDS option for CHANGE MASTER can be used to configure a replication slave to only apply binary log events if the transaction's GTID is in a specific gtid_domain_id value. Filtered binary log events will not get logged to the slave’s relay log, and they will not be applied by the slave.

The option's value can be specified by providing a comma-separated list of gtid_domain_id values. Duplicate values are automatically ignored. For example:

STOP SLAVE;
CHANGE MASTER TO 
   DO_DOMAIN_IDS = (1,2);
START SLAVE;

If you would like to clear a previously set list, then you can set the value to an empty list. For example:

STOP SLAVE;
CHANGE MASTER TO 
   DO_DOMAIN_IDS = ();
START SLAVE;

The DO_DOMAIN_IDS option and the IGNORE_DOMAIN_IDS option cannot both be set to non-empty values at the same time. If you want to set the DO_DOMAIN_IDS option, and the IGNORE_DOMAIN_IDS option was previously set, then you need to clear the value of the IGNORE_DOMAIN_IDS option. For example:

STOP SLAVE;
CHANGE MASTER TO 
   IGNORE_DOMAIN_IDS = (), 
   DO_DOMAIN_IDS = (1,2);
START SLAVE;

The DO_DOMAIN_IDS option can only be specified if the slave is replicating in GTID mode. Therefore, the MASTER_USE_GTID option must also be set to some value other than no in order to use this option.

IGNORE_DOMAIN_IDS

MariaDB starting with 10.1.2

The IGNORE_DOMAIN_IDS option for CHANGE MASTER was first added in MariaDB 10.1.2.

The IGNORE_DOMAIN_IDS option for CHANGE MASTER can be used to configure a replication slave to ignore binary log events if the transaction's GTID is in a specific gtid_domain_id value. Filtered binary log events will not get logged to the slave’s relay log, and they will not be applied by the slave.

The option's value can be specified by providing a comma-separated list of gtid_domain_id values. Duplicate values are automatically ignored. For example:

STOP SLAVE;
CHANGE MASTER TO 
   IGNORE_DOMAIN_IDS = (1,2);
START SLAVE;

If you would like to clear a previously set list, then you can set the value to an empty list. For example:

STOP SLAVE;
CHANGE MASTER TO 
   IGNORE_DOMAIN_IDS = ();
START SLAVE;

The DO_DOMAIN_IDS option and the IGNORE_DOMAIN_IDS option cannot both be set to non-empty values at the same time. If you want to set the IGNORE_DOMAIN_IDS option, and the DO_DOMAIN_IDS option was previously set, then you need to clear the value of the DO_DOMAIN_IDS option. For example:

STOP SLAVE;
CHANGE MASTER TO 
   DO_DOMAIN_IDS = (), 
   IGNORE_DOMAIN_IDS = (1,2);
START SLAVE;

The IGNORE_DOMAIN_IDS option can only be specified if the slave is replicating in GTID mode. Therefore, the MASTER_USE_GTID option must also be set to some value other than no in order to use this option.

Delayed Replication Options

MASTER_DELAY

MariaDB starting with 10.2.3

The MASTER_DELAY option for CHANGE MASTER was first added in MariaDB 10.2.3 to enable delayed replication.

The MASTER_DELAY option for CHANGE MASTER can be used to enable delayed replication. This option specifies the time in seconds (at least) that a replication slave should lag behind the master. Before executing an event, the slave will first wait, if necessary, until the given time has passed since the event was created on the master. The result is that the slave will reflect the state of the master some time back in the past. The default is zero, no delay.

STOP SLAVE;
CHANGE MASTER TO 
   MASTER_DELAY=3600;
START SLAVE;

Changing Option Values

If you don't specify a given option when executing the CHANGE MASTER statement, then the option keeps its old value in most cases. Most of the time, there is no need to specify the options that do not need to change. For example, if the password for the user account that the slave uses to connect to its master has changed, but no other options need to change, then you can just change the MASTER_PASSWORD option by executing the following commands:

STOP SLAVE;
CHANGE MASTER TO 
   MASTER_PASSWORD='new3cret';
START SLAVE;

There are some cases where options are implicitly reset, such as when the MASTER_HOST and MASTER_PORT options are changed.

Option Persistence

The values of the MASTER_LOG_FILE and MASTER_LOG_POS options (i.e. the binary log position on the master) and most other options are written to either the default master.info file or the file that is configured by the master_info_file option. The slave's I/O thread keeps this binary log position updated as it downloads events.

The master_info_file option can be set either on the command-line or in a server option group in an option file prior to starting up the server. For example:

[mariadb]
...
master_info_file=/mariadb/myserver1-master.info

The values of the RELAY_LOG_FILE and RELAY_LOG_POS options (i.e. the relay log position) are written to either the default relay-log.info file or the file that is configured by the relay_log_info_file system variable. The slave's SQL thread keeps this relay log position updated as it applies events.

The relay_log_info_file system variable can be set either on the command-line or in a server option group in an option file prior to starting up the server. For example:

[mariadb]
...
relay_log_info_file=/mariadb/myserver1-relay-log.info

GTID Persistence

If the slave is replicating binary log events that contain GTIDs, then the slave's SQL thread will write every GTID that it applies to the mysql.gtid_slave_pos table. This GTID can be inspected and modified through the gtid_slave_pos system variable.

If the slave has the log_slave_updates system variable enabled and if the slave has the binary log enabled, then every write by the slave's SQL thread will also go into the slave's binary log. This means that GTIDs of replicated transactions would be reflected in the value of the gtid_binlog_pos system variable.

Creating a Slave from a Backup

The CHANGE MASTER statement is useful for setting up a slave when you have a backup of the master and you also have the binary log position or GTID position corresponding to the backup.

After restoring the backup on the slave, you could execute something like this to use the binary log position:

CHANGE MASTER TO
   MASTER_LOG_FILE='master2-bin.001',
   MASTER_LOG_POS=4;
START SLAVE;

Or you could execute something like this to use the GTID position:

SET GLOBAL gtid_slave_pos='0-1-153';
CHANGE MASTER TO
   MASTER_USE_GTID=slave_pos;
START SLAVE;

See Setting up a Replication Slave with Mariabackup for more information on how to do this with Mariabackup.

Example

The following example changes the master and master's binary log coordinates. This is used when you want to set up the slave to replicate the master:

CHANGE MASTER TO
   MASTER_HOST='master2.mycompany.com',
   MASTER_USER='replication',
   MASTER_PASSWORD='bigs3cret',
   MASTER_PORT=3306,
   MASTER_LOG_FILE='master2-bin.001',
   MASTER_LOG_POS=4,
   MASTER_CONNECT_RETRY=10;
START SLAVE;

See Also

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