MySQL Authenticator

MySQL Authenticator

The MySQLAuth and MySQLBackendAuth modules implement the client and backend authentication for the MySQL native password authentication. This is the default authentication plugin used by both MariaDB and MySQL.

These modules are the default authenticators for all MySQL connections and needs no further configuration to work.

Authenticator options

The client authentication module, MySQLAuth, supports authenticator options. The authenticator_options parameter is supported by listeners and servers and expects a comma-separated list of key-value pairs. The following options contain examples on how to define it.


This option takes a boolean value which controls whether MaxScale will fully authenticate users. This option is disabled by default.

Disabling authentication in MaxScale will allow MaxScale to act as a security gateway to the server. The authentication of users is offloaded to the backend server.

For example, creating the user jdoe@% will allow the user jdoe to connect from any IP address. This can be a problem if all traffic needs to go through MaxScale. By enabling this option and replacing the user with jdoe@maxscale-IP, the users can still connect from any client IP but will be forced to go though MaxScale.



The location where the user credential cache is stored. The default value for this is <cache dir>/<service name>/<listener name>/cache/ where <cache dir> by default is /var/cache.

If cache_dir is defined, the user cache file is stored in <cache dir>/. No additional directories are appended to the cache_dir value.

Each listener has its own user cache where the user credential information queried from the backends is stored. This information is used to authenticate users if a connection to the backend servers can't be made.



Inject service credentials into the list of database users if loading of users fails. This option takes a boolean value and it is enabled by default.

When a connection to the backend database cannot be made, the service user can be injected into the list of allowed users. This allows administrative operations to be done via the SQL interface with modules that support it e.g. the Binlogrouter and Maxinfo modules.

If users are loaded successfully, the service user credentials are not injected into the list of users.



Enable case-insensitive identifier matching for authentication. This parameter is disabled by default.

The parameter functions exactly as the MariaDB Server system variable lower_case_table_names. This makes the matching done by the authenticator on database names to be case-insensitive by converting all names into their lowercase form.

Note: The identifier names are converted using an ASCII-only function. This means that non-ASCII characters will retain their case-sensitivity.



This parameter takes a boolean value and is disabled by default. When enabled, password hashes are logged in the error messages when authentication fails due to a password mismatch between the one stored in MaxScale and the one given by the user. This feature should only be used to diagnose authentication issues in MaxScale and should be done on a secure system as the logging of the password hashes can be considered a security risk.


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