Contents

  1. About the Server System Variables
  2. Setting Server System Variables
  3. List of Server System Variables
    1. aria_block_size
    2. aria_checkpoint_interval
    3. aria_checkpoint_log_activity
    4. aria_encrypt_tables
    5. aria_force_start_after_recovery_failures
    6. aria_group_commit
    7. aria_group_commit_interval
    8. aria_log_file_size
    9. aria_log_purge_type
    10. aria_max_sort_file_size
    11. aria_page_checksum
    12. aria_pagecache_age_threshold
    13. aria_pagecache_buffer_size
    14. aria_pagecache_division_limit
    15. aria_pagecache_file_hash_size
    16. aria_recover
    17. aria_repair_threads
    18. aria_sort_buffer_size
    19. aria_stats_method
    20. aria_sync_log_dir
    21. aria_used_for_temp_tables
    22. auto_increment_increment
    23. auto_increment_offset
    24. autocommit
    25. automatic_sp_privileges
    26. back_log
    27. basedir
    28. big_tables
    29. bind_address
    30. binlog_annotate_row_events
    31. binlog_cache_size
    32. binlog_checksum
    33. binlog_commit_wait_count
    34. binlog_commit_wait_usec
    35. binlog_direct_non_transactional_updates
    36. binlog_file_cache_size
    37. binlog_format
    38. binlog_optimize_thread_scheduling
    39. binlog_row_image
    40. binlog_stmt_cache_size
    41. bulk_insert_buffer_size
    42. cassandra_default_thrift_host
    43. cassandra_failure_retries
    44. cassandra_insert_batch_size
    45. cassandra_multiget_batch_size
    46. cassandra_read_consistency
    47. cassandra_rnd_batch_size
    48. cassandra_write_consistency
    49. character_set_client
    50. character_set_connection
    51. character_set_database
    52. character_set_filesystem
    53. character_set_results
    54. character_set_server
    55. character_set_system
    56. character_sets_dir
    57. check_constraint_checks
    58. collation_connection
    59. collation_database
    60. collation_server
    61. column_compression_threshold
    62. column_compression_zlib_level
    63. column_compression_zlib_strategy
    64. column_compression_zlib_wrap
    65. completion_type
    66. concurrent_insert
    67. connect_conv_size
    68. connect_exact_info
    69. connect_indx_map
    70. connect_java_wrapper
    71. connect_json_grp_size
    72. connect_json_null
    73. connect_jvm_path
    74. connect_timeout
    75. connect_type_conv
    76. connect_use_tempfile
    77. connect_work_size
    78. connect_xtrace
    79. cracklib_password_check
    80. cracklib_password_check_dictionary
    81. datadir
    82. date_format
    83. datetime_format
    84. deadlock_search_depth_long
    85. deadlock_search_depth_short
    86. deadlock_timeout_long
    87. deadlock_timeout_short
    88. debug
    89. debug_no_thread_alarm
    90. debug_sync
    91. default_master_connection
    92. default_regex_flags
    93. default_storage_engine
    94. default_table_type
    95. default_tmp_storage_engine
    96. default_week_format
    97. delay_key_write
    98. delayed_insert_limit
    99. delayed_insert_timeout
    100. delayed_queue_size
    101. div_precision_increment
    102. encrypt_binlog
    103. encrypt_tmp_disk_tables
    104. encrypt_tmp_files
    105. encryption_algorithm
    106. enforce_storage_engine
    107. engine_condition_pushdown
    108. error_count
    109. event_scheduler
    110. expensive_subquery_limit
    111. expire_logs_days
    112. explicit_defaults_for_timestamp
    113. external_user
    114. extra_max_connections
    115. extra_port
    116. feedback
    117. feedback_http_proxy
    118. feedback_send_retry_wait
    119. feedback_send_timeout
    120. feedback_url
    121. feedback_user_info
    122. flush
    123. flush_time
    124. foreign_key_checks
    125. ft_boolean_syntax
    126. ft_max_word_len
    127. ft_min_word_len
    128. ft_query_expansion_limit
    129. ft_stopword_file
    130. general_log
    131. general_log_file
    132. group_concat_max_len
    133. gtid_binlog_pos
    134. gtid_binlog_state
    135. gtid_current_pos
    136. gtid_domain_id
    137. gtid_ignore_duplicates
    138. gtid_seq_no
    139. gtid_slave_pos
    140. gtid_strict_mode
    141. gtid_pos_auto_engines
    142. handlersocket_accept_balance
    143. handlersocket_address
    144. handlersocket_backlog
    145. handlersocket_epoll
    146. handlersocket_port
    147. handlersocket_port_wr
    148. handlersocket_sndbuf
    149. handlersocket_rcvbuf
    150. handlersocket_readsize
    151. handlersocket_threads
    152. handlersocket_threads_wr
    153. handlersocket_timeout
    154. handlersocket_verbose
    155. handlersocket_wrlock_timeout
    156. have_compress
    157. have_crypt
    158. have_csv
    159. have_dynamic_loading
    160. have_geometry
    161. have_innodb
    162. have_ndbcluster
    163. have_openssl
    164. have_partitioning
    165. have_profiling
    166. have_query_cache
    167. have_rtree_keys
    168. have_ssl
    169. have_symlink
    170. histogram_size
    171. histogram_type
    172. host_cache_size
    173. hostname
    174. identity
    175. ignore_builtin_innodb
    176. idle_readonly_transaction_timeout
    177. idle_transaction_timeout
    178. idle_write_transaction_timeout
    179. ignore_db_dirs
    180. in_transaction
    181. init_connect
    182. init_file
    183. init_slave
    184. innodb_adaptive_checkpoint
    185. innodb_adaptive_flushing
    186. innodb_adaptive_flushing_lwm
    187. innodb_adaptive_flushing_method
    188. innodb_adaptive_hash_index
    189. innodb_adaptive_hash_index_partitions
    190. innodb_adaptive_hash_index_parts
    191. innodb_adaptive_max_sleep_delay
    192. innodb_additional_mem_pool_size
    193. innodb_api_bk_commit_interval
    194. innodb_api_disable_rowlock
    195. innodb_api_enable_binlog
    196. innodb_api_enable_mdl
    197. innodb_api_trx_level
    198. innodb_auto_lru_dump
    199. innodb_autoextend_increment
    200. innodb_autoinc_lock_mode
    201. innodb_background_scrub_data_check_interval
    202. innodb_background_scrub_data-compressed
    203. innodb_background_scrub_data_interval
    204. innodb_background_scrub_data-uncompressed
    205. innodb_blocking_buffer_pool_restore
    206. innodb_buf_dump_status_frequency
    207. innodb_buffer_pool_chunk_size
    208. innodb_buffer_pool_dump_at_shutdown
    209. innodb_buffer_pool_dump_now
    210. innodb_buffer_pool_evict
    211. innodb_buffer_pool_filename
    212. innodb_buffer_pool_instances
    213. innodb_buffer_pool_load_abort
    214. innodb_buffer_pool_load_at_startup
    215. innodb_buffer_pool_load_now
    216. innodb_buffer_pool_populate
    217. innodb_buffer_pool_restore_at_startup
    218. innodb_buffer_pool_shm_checksum
    219. innodb_buffer_pool_shm_key
    220. innodb_buffer_pool_size
    221. innodb_change_buffer_max_size
    222. innodb_change_buffering
    223. innodb_change_buffering_debug
    224. innodb_checkpoint_age_target
    225. innodb_checksum_algorithm
    226. innodb_checksums
    227. innodb_cleaner_lsn_age_factor
    228. innodb_cmp_per_index_enabled
    229. innodb_commit_concurrency
    230. innodb_compression_algorithm
    231. innodb_compression_default
    232. innodb_compression_failure_threshold_pct
    233. innodb_compression_level
    234. innodb_compression_pad_pct_max
    235. innodb_concurrency_tickets
    236. innodb_corrupt_table_action
    237. innodb_data_file_path
    238. innodb_data_home_dir
    239. innodb_deadlock_detect
    240. innodb_default_encryption_key_id
    241. innodb_default_page_encryption_key
    242. innodb_default_row_format
    243. innodb_defragment
    244. innodb_defragment_fill_factor
    245. innodb_defragment_fill_factor_n_recs
    246. innodb_defragment_frequency
    247. innodb_defragment_n_pages
    248. innodb_defragment_stats_accuracy
    249. innodb_dict_size_limit
    250. innodb_disable_sort_file_cache
    251. innodb_disallow_writes
    252. innodb_doublewrite
    253. innodb_doublewrite_file
    254. innodb_empty_free_list_algorithm
    255. innodb_enable_unsafe_group_commit
    256. innodb_encrypt_log
    257. innodb_encrypt_tables
    258. innodb_encryption_rotate_key_age
    259. innodb_encryption_rotation_iops
    260. innodb_encryption_threads
    261. innodb_extra_rsegments
    262. innodb_extra_undoslots
    263. innodb_fake_changes
    264. innodb_fast_checksum
    265. innodb_fast_shutdown
    266. innodb_fatal_semaphore_wait_threshold
    267. innodb_file_format
    268. innodb_file_format_check
    269. innodb_file_format_max
    270. innodb_file_per_table
    271. innodb_fill_factor
    272. innodb_flush_log_at_timeout
    273. innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit
    274. innodb_flush_method
    275. innodb_flush_neighbor_pages
    276. innodb_flush_neighbors
    277. innodb_flush_sync
    278. innodb_flushing_avg_loops
    279. innodb_force_load_corrupted
    280. innodb_force_primary_key
    281. innodb_force_recovery
    282. innodb_foreground_preflush
    283. innodb_ft_aux_table
    284. innodb_ft_cache_size
    285. innodb_ft_enable_diag_print
    286. innodb_ft_enable_stopword
    287. innodb_ft_max_token_size
    288. innodb_ft_min_token_size
    289. innodb_ft_num_word_optimize
    290. innodb_ft_result_cache_limit
    291. innodb_ft_server_stopword_table
    292. innodb_ft_sort_pll_degree
    293. innodb_ft_total_cache_size
    294. innodb_ft_user_stopword_table
    295. innodb_ibuf_accel_rate
    296. innodb_ibuf_active_contract
    297. innodb_ibuf_max_size
    298. innodb_idle_flush_pct
    299. innodb_immediate_scrub_data-uncompressed
    300. innodb_import_table_from_xtrabackup
    301. innodb_instrument_semaphores
    302. innodb_io_capacity
    303. innodb_io_capacity_max
    304. innodb_kill_idle_transaction
    305. innodb_large_prefix
    306. innodb_lazy_drop_table
    307. innodb_lock_schedule_algorithm
    308. innodb_lock_wait_timeout
    309. innodb_locking_fake_changes
    310. innodb_locks_unsafe_for_binlog
    311. innodb_log_arch_dir
    312. innodb_log_arch_expire_sec
    313. innodb_log_archive
    314. innodb_log_block_size
    315. innodb_log_buffer_size
    316. innodb_log_checksum_algorithm
    317. innodb_log_checksums
    318. innodb_log_compressed_pages
    319. innodb_log_file_size
    320. innodb_log_files_in_group
    321. innodb_log_group_home_dir
    322. innodb_log_write_ahead_size
    323. innodb_lru_scan_depth
    324. innodb_max_bitmap_file_size
    325. innodb_max_changed_pages
    326. innodb_max_dirty_pages_pct
    327. innodb_max_dirty_pages_pct_lwm
    328. innodb_max_purge_lag
    329. innodb_max_purge_lag_delay
    330. innodb_max_undo_log_size
    331. innodb_merge_sort_block_size
    332. innodb_mirrored_log_groups
    333. innodb_monitor_disable
    334. innodb_monitor_enable
    335. innodb_monitor_reset
    336. innodb_monitor_reset_all
    337. innodb_mtflush_threads
    338. innodb_numa_interleave
    339. innodb_old_blocks_pct
    340. innodb_old_blocks_time
    341. innodb_online_alter_log_max_size
    342. innodb_open_files
    343. innodb_optimize_fulltext_only
    344. innodb_page_cleaners
    345. innodb_page_size
    346. innodb_prefix_index_cluster_optimization
    347. innodb_print_all_deadlocks
    348. innodb_purge_batch_size
    349. innodb_purge_rseg_truncate_frequency
    350. innodb_purge_threads
    351. innodb_random_read_ahead
    352. innodb_read_ahead
    353. innodb_read_ahead_threshold
    354. innodb_read_io_threads
    355. innodb_read_only
    356. innodb_recovery_stats
    357. innodb_recovery_update_relay_log
    358. innodb_replication_delay
    359. innodb_rollback_on_timeout
    360. innodb_rollback_segments
    361. innodb_sched_priority_cleaner
    362. innodb_scrub_log
    363. innodb_scrub_log_interval
    364. innodb_scrub_log_speed
    365. innodb_show_locks_held
    366. innodb_show_verbose_locks
    367. innodb_simulate_comp_failures
    368. innodb_sort_buffer_size
    369. innodb_spin_wait_delay
    370. innodb_stats_auto_recalc
    371. innodb_stats_auto_update
    372. innodb_stats_include_delete_marked
    373. innodb_stats_method
    374. innodb_stats_modified_counter
    375. innodb_stats_on_metadata
    376. innodb_stats_persistent
    377. innodb_stats_persistent_sample_pages
    378. innodb_stats_sample_pages
    379. innodb_stats_traditional
    380. innodb_stats_transient_sample_pages
    381. innodb_stats_update_need_lock
    382. innodb_status_output
    383. innodb_status_output_locks
    384. innodb_strict_mode
    385. innodb_support_xa
    386. innodb_sync_array_size
    387. innodb_sync_spin_loops
    388. innodb_table_locks
    389. innodb_temp_data_file_path
    390. innodb_thread_concurrency
    391. innodb_thread_concurrency_timer_based
    392. innodb_thread_sleep_delay
    393. innodb_tmpdir
    394. innodb_track_changed_pages
    395. innodb_track_redo_log_now
    396. innodb_undo_directory
    397. innodb_undo_log_truncate
    398. innodb_undo_logs
    399. innodb_use_atomic_writes
    400. innodb_use_fallocate
    401. innodb_use_global_flush_log_at_trx_commit
    402. innodb_use_native_aio
    403. innodb_use_purge_thread
    404. innodb_use_stacktrace
    405. innodb_use_sys_malloc
    406. innodb_use_sys_stats_table
    407. innodb_version
    408. innodb_write_io_threads
    409. insert_id
    410. interactive_timeout
    411. join_buffer_size
    412. join_buffer_space_limit
    413. join_cache_level
    414. keep_files_on_create
    415. key_buffer_size
    416. key_cache_age_threshold
    417. key_cache_block_size
    418. key_cache_division_limit
    419. key_cache_file_hash_size
    420. key_cache_segments
    421. language
    422. large_files_support
    423. large_page_size
    424. large_pages
    425. last_gtid
    426. last_insert_id
    427. lc_messages
    428. lc_messages_dir
    429. lc_time_names
    430. license
    431. local_infile
    432. lock_wait_timeout
    433. locked_in_memory
    434. log
    435. log_bin
    436. log_bin_basename
    437. log_bin_compress
    438. log_bin_compress_min_len
    439. log_bin_index
    440. log_bin_trust_function_creators
    441. log_disabled_statements
    442. log_error
    443. log_output
    444. log_queries_not_using_indexes
    445. log_slave_updates
    446. log_slow_admin_statements
    447. log_slow_disabled_statements
    448. log_slow_filter
    449. log_slow_queries
    450. log_slow_rate_limit
    451. log_slow_slave_statements
    452. log_slow_verbosity
    453. log_tc_size
    454. log_warnings
    455. long_query_time
    456. low_priority_updates
    457. lower_case_file_system
    458. lower_case_table_names
    459. master_retry_count
    460. master_verify_checksum
    461. max_allowed_packet
    462. max_binlog_cache_size
    463. max_binlog_size
    464. max_binlog_stmt_cache_size
    465. max_connect_errors
    466. max_connections
    467. max_delayed_threads
    468. max_digest_length
    469. max_error_count
    470. max_heap_table_size
    471. max_insert_delayed_threads
    472. max_join_size
    473. max_length_for_sort_data
    474. max_long_data_size
    475. max_prepared_stmt_count
    476. max_recursive_iterations
    477. max_relay_log_size
    478. max_seeks_for_key
    479. max_session_mem_used
    480. max_sort_length
    481. max_sp_recursion_depth
    482. max_statement_time
    483. max_tmp_tables
    484. max_user_connections
    485. max_write_lock_count
    486. metadata_locks_cache_size
    487. metadata_locks_hash_instances
    488. min_examined_row_limit
    489. mroonga_action_on_fulltext_query_error
    490. mroonga_boolean_mode_syntax_flags
    491. mroonga_database_path_prefix
    492. mroonga_default_parser
    493. mroonga_default_tokenizer
    494. mroonga_default_wrapper_engine
    495. mroonga_dry_write
    496. mroonga_enable_operations_recording
    497. mroonga_enable_optimization
    498. mroonga_libgroonga_embedded
    499. mroonga_libgroonga_support_zlib
    500. mroonga_libgroonga_support_zstd
    501. mroonga_libgroonga_version
    502. mroonga_log_file
    503. mroonga_log_level
    504. mroonga_match_escalation_threshold
    505. mroonga_max_n_records_for_estimate
    506. mroonga_query_log_file
    507. mroonga_vector_column_delimiter
    508. mroonga_version
    509. mrr_buffer_size
    510. multi_range_count
    511. myisam_block_size
    512. myisam_data_pointer_size
    513. myisam_max_sort_file_size
    514. myisam_mmap_size
    515. myisam_recover_options
    516. myisam_repair_threads
    517. myisam_sort_buffer_size
    518. myisam_stats_method
    519. myisam_use_mmap
    520. mysql56_temporal_format
    521. named_pipe
    522. net_buffer_length
    523. net_read_timeout
    524. net_retry_count
    525. net_write_timeout
    526. old
    527. old_alter_table
    528. old_mode
    529. old_passwords
    530. open_files_limit
    531. optimizer_prune_level
    532. optimizer_search_depth
    533. optimizer_selectivity_sampling_limit
    534. optimizer_switch
    535. optimizer_use_condition_selectivity
    536. oqgraph_allow_create_integer_latch
    537. pam_use_cleartext_plugin
    538. performance_schema
    539. performance_schema_accounts_size
    540. performance_schema_digests_size
    541. performance_schema_events_stages_history_long_size
    542. performance_schema_events_stages_history_size
    543. performance_schema_events_statements_history_long_size
    544. performance_schema_events_statements_history_size
    545. performance_schema_events_waits_history_long_size
    546. performance_schema_events_waits_history_size
    547. performance_schema_hosts_size
    548. performance_schema_max_cond_classes
    549. performance_schema_max_cond_instances
    550. performance_schema_max_digest_length
    551. performance_schema_max_file_classes
    552. performance_schema_max_file_handles
    553. performance_schema_max_file_instances
    554. performance_schema_max_mutex_classes
    555. performance_schema_max_mutex_instances
    556. performance_schema_max_rwlock_classes
    557. performance_schema_max_rwlock_instances
    558. performance_schema_max_socket_classes
    559. performance_schema_max_socket_instances
    560. performance_schema_max_stage_classes
    561. performance_schema_max_statement_classes
    562. performance_schema_max_table_handles
    563. performance_schema_max_table_instances
    564. performance_schema_max_thread_classes
    565. performance_schema_max_thread_instances
    566. performance_schema_session_connect_attrs_size
    567. performance_schema_setup_actors_size
    568. performance_schema_setup_objects_size
    569. performance_schema_users_size
    570. pid_file
    571. plugin_dir
    572. plugin_maturity
    573. port
    574. preload_buffer_size
    575. profiling
    576. profiling_history_size
    577. progress_report_time
    578. protocol_version
    579. proxy_protocol_networks
    580. proxy_user
    581. pseudo_slave_mode
    582. pseudo_thread_id
    583. query_alloc_block_size
    584. query_cache_limit
    585. query_cache_min_res_unit
    586. query_cache_size
    587. query_cache_strip_comments
    588. query_cache_type
    589. query_cache_wlock_invalidate
    590. query_prealloc_size
    591. query_response_time_flush
    592. query_response_time_range_base
    593. query_response_time_range_exec_time_debug
    594. query_response_time_stats
    595. rand_seed1
    596. rand_seed2
    597. range_alloc_block_size
    598. read_binlog_speed_limit
    599. read_buffer_size
    600. read_only
    601. read_rnd_buffer_size
    602. relay_log
    603. relay_log_basename
    604. relay_log_index
    605. relay_log_info_file
    606. relay_log_purge
    607. relay_log_recovery
    608. relay_log_space_limit
    609. replicate_annotate_row_events
    610. replicate_do_db
    611. replicate_do_table
    612. replicate_events_marked_for_skip
    613. replicate_ignore_db
    614. replicate_ignore_table
    615. replicate_wild_do_table
    616. replicate_wild_ignore_table
    617. report_host
    618. report_password
    619. report_port
    620. report_user
    621. rocksdb_access_hint_on_compaction_start
    622. rocksdb_advise_random_on_open
    623. rocksdb_allow_concurrent_memtable_write
    624. rocksdb_allow_mmap_reads
    625. rocksdb_allow_mmap_writes
    626. rocksdb_background_sync
    627. rocksdb_base_background_compactions
    628. rocksdb_blind_delete_primary_key
    629. rocksdb_block_cache_size
    630. rocksdb_block_restart_interval
    631. rocksdb_block_size
    632. rocksdb_block_size_deviation
    633. rocksdb_bulk_load
    634. rocksdb_bulk_load_size
    635. rocksdb_bytes_per_sync
    636. rocksdb_cache_index_and_filter_blocks
    637. rocksdb_checksums_pct
    638. rocksdb_collect_sst_properties
    639. rocksdb_commit_in_the_middle
    640. rocksdb_compact_cf
    641. rocksdb_compaction_readahead_size
    642. rocksdb_compaction_sequential_deletes
    643. rocksdb_compaction_sequential_deletes_count_sd
    644. rocksdb_compaction_sequential_deletes_file_size
    645. rocksdb_compaction_sequential_deletes_window
    646. rocksdb_concurrent_prepare
    647. rocksdb_create_checkpoint
    648. rocksdb_create_if_missing
    649. rocksdb_create_missing_column_families
    650. rocksdb_datadir
    651. rocksdb_db_write_buffer_size
    652. rocksdb_deadlock_detect
    653. rocksdb_debug_optimizer_no_zero_cardinality
    654. rocksdb_default_cf_options
    655. rocksdb_delayed_write_rate
    656. rocksdb_delete_obsolete_files_period_micros
    657. rocksdb_enable_2pc
    658. rocksdb_enable_bulk_load_api
    659. rocksdb_enable_thread_tracking
    660. rocksdb_enable_write_thread_adaptive_yield
    661. rocksdb_error_if_exists
    662. rocksdb_flush_log_at_trx_commit
    663. rocksdb_flush_memtable_on_analyze
    664. rocksdb_force_compute_memtable_stats
    665. rocksdb_force_flush_memtable_now
    666. rocksdb_force_index_records_in_range
    667. rocksdb_hash_index_allow_collision
    668. rocksdb_index_type
    669. rocksdb_info_log_level
    670. rocksdb_is_fd_close_on_exec
    671. rocksdb_keep_log_file_num
    672. rocksdb_lock_scanned_rows
    673. rocksdb_lock_wait_timeout
    674. rocksdb_log_file_time_to_roll
    675. rocksdb_manifest_preallocation_size
    676. rocksdb_master_skip_tx_api
    677. rocksdb_max_background_compactions
    678. rocksdb_max_background_flushes
    679. rocksdb_max_log_file_size
    680. rocksdb_max_manifest_file_size
    681. rocksdb_max_open_files
    682. rocksdb_max_row_locks
    683. rocksdb_max_subcompactions
    684. rocksdb_max_total_wal_size
    685. rocksdb_merge_buf_size
    686. rocksdb_merge_combine_read_size
    687. rocksdb_new_table_reader_for_compaction_inputs
    688. rocksdb_no_block_cache
    689. rocksdb_override_cf_options
    690. rocksdb_paranoid_checks
    691. rocksdb_pause_background_work
    692. rocksdb_perf_context_level
    693. rocksdb_persistent_cache_path
    694. rocksdb_persistent_cache_size_mb
    695. rocksdb_pin_l0_filter_and_index_blocks_in_cache
    696. rocksdb_print_snapshot_conflict_queries
    697. rocksdb_rate_limiter_bytes_per_sec
    698. rocksdb_read_free_rpl_tables
    699. rocksdb_records_in_range
    700. rocksdb_seconds_between_stat_computes
    701. rocksdb_signal_drop_index_thread
    702. rocksdb_skip_bloom_filter_on_read
    703. rocksdb_skip_fill_cache
    704. rocksdb_skip_unique_check_tables
    705. rocksdb_stats_dump_period_sec
    706. rocksdb_store_row_debug_checksums
    707. rocksdb_strict_collation_check
    708. rocksdb_strict_collation_exceptions
    709. rocksdb_supported_compression_types
    710. rocksdb_table_cache_numshardbits
    711. rocksdb_table_stats_sampling_pct
    712. rocksdb_tmpdir
    713. rocksdb_trace_sst_api
    714. rocksdb_unsafe_for_binlog
    715. rocksdb_use_adaptive_mutex
    716. rocksdb_use_direct_io_for_flush_and_compaction
    717. rocksdb_use_direct_reads
    718. rocksdb_use_fsync
    719. rocksdb_validate_tables
    720. rocksdb_verify_row_debug_checksums
    721. rocksdb_wal_bytes_per_sync
    722. rocksdb_wal_dir
    723. rocksdb_wal_recovery_mode
    724. rocksdb_wal_size_limit_mb
    725. rocksdb_wal_ttl_seconds
    726. rocksdb_whole_key_filtering
    727. rocksdb_write_disable_wal
    728. rocksdb_write_ignore_missing_column_families
    729. rowid_merge_buff_size
    730. rpl_recovery_rank
    731. safe_show_database
    732. secure_auth
    733. secure_file_priv
    734. rpl_semi_sync_master_enabled
    735. rpl_semi_sync_master_timeout
    736. rpl_semi_sync_master_trace_level
    737. rpl_semi_sync_master_wait_no_slave
    738. rpl_semi_sync_master_wait_point
    739. rpl_semi_sync_slave_delay_master
    740. rpl_semi_sync_slave_enabled
    741. rpl_semi_sync_slave_kill_conn_timeout
    742. rpl_semi_sync_slave_trace_level
    743. server_audit_events
    744. server_audit_excl_users
    745. server_audit_file_path
    746. server_audit_file_rotate_now
    747. server_audit_file_rotate_size
    748. server_audit_file_rotations
    749. server_audit_incl_users
    750. server_audit_loc_info
    751. server_audit_logging
    752. server_audit_mode
    753. server_audit_output_type
    754. server_audit_query_limit
    755. server_audit_syslog_facility
    756. server_audit_syslog_ident
    757. server_audit_syslog_info
    758. server_audit_syslog_priority
    759. server_id
    760. session_track_schema
    761. session_track_state_change
    762. session_track_system_variables
    763. session_track_transaction_info
    764. shared_memory
    765. shared_memory_base_name
    766. simple_password_check_digits
    767. simple_password_check_letters_same_case
    768. simple_password_check_minimal_length
    769. simple_password_check_other_characters
    770. skip_external_locking
    771. skip_name_resolve
    772. skip_networking
    773. skip_parallel_replication
    774. skip_replication
    775. skip_show_database
    776. slave_compressed_protocol
    777. slave_ddl_exec_mode
    778. slave_domain_parallel_threads
    779. slave_exec_mode
    780. slave_load_tmpdir
    781. slave_max_allowed_packet
    782. slave_net_timeout
    783. slave_parallel_max_queued
    784. slave_parallel_mode
    785. slave_parallel_threads
    786. slave_run_triggers_for_rbr
    787. slave_skip_errors
    788. slave_sql_verify_checksum
    789. slave_transaction_retries
    790. slave_transaction_retry_errors
    791. slave_transaction_retry_interval
    792. slave_type_conversions
    793. slow_launch_time
    794. slow_query_log
    795. slow_query_log_file
    796. socket
    797. sort_buffer_size
    798. spider_auto_increment_mode
    799. spider_auto_increment_mode
    800. spider_auto_increment_mode
    801. spider_bgs_second_read
    802. spider_bka_engine
    803. spider_bka_mode
    804. spider_block_size
    805. spider_bulk_size
    806. spider_bulk_update_mode
    807. spider_bulk_update_size
    808. spider_casual_read
    809. spider_conn_recycle_mode
    810. spider_conn_recycle_strict
    811. spider_conn_wait_timeout
    812. spider_connect_error_interval
    813. spider_connect_mutex
    814. spider_connect_retry_count
    815. spider_connect_retry_interval
    816. spider_connect_timeout
    817. spider_crd_bg_mode
    818. spider_crd_interval
    819. spider_crd_mode
    820. spider_crd_sync
    821. spider_crd_type
    822. spider_crd_weight
    823. spider_delete_all_rows_type
    824. spider_direct_dup_insert
    825. spider_direct_order_limit
    826. spider_dry_access
    827. spider_error_read_mode
    828. spider_error_write_mode
    829. spider_first_read
    830. spider_force_commit
    831. spider_general_log
    832. spider_index_hint_pushdown
    833. spider_init_sql_alloc_size
    834. spider_internal_limit
    835. spider_internal_offset
    836. spider_internal_optimize
    837. spider_internal_optimize_local
    838. spider_internal_sql_log_off
    839. spider_internal_unlock
    840. spider_internal_xa
    841. spider_internal_xa_id_type
    842. spider_internal_xa_snapshot
    843. spider_load_crd_at_startup
    844. spider_load_sts_at_startup
    845. spider_local_lock_table
    846. spider_lock_exchange
    847. spider_log_result_error_with_sql
    848. spider_log_result_errors
    849. spider_low_mem_read
    850. spider_max_connections
    851. spider_max_order
    852. spider_multi_split_read
    853. spider_net_read_timeout
    854. spider_net_write_timeout
    855. spider_ping_interval_at_trx_start
    856. spider_quick_mode
    857. spider_quick_page_size
    858. spider_read_only_mode
    859. spider_remote_access_charset
    860. spider_remote_autocommit
    861. spider_remote_default_database
    862. spider_remote_sql_log_off
    863. spider_remote_time_zone
    864. spider_remote_trx_isolation
    865. spider_reset_sql_alloc
    866. spider_same_server_link
    867. spider_second_read
    868. spider_select_column_mode
    869. spider_selupd_lock_mode
    870. spider_semi_split_read
    871. spider_semi_split_read_limit
    872. spider_semi_table_lock
    873. spider_semi_table_lock_connection
    874. spider_semi_trx
    875. spider_semi_trx_isolation
    876. spider_skip_default_condition
    877. spider_skip_parallel_search
    878. spider_split_read
    879. spider_store_last_crd
    880. spider_store_last_sts
    881. spider_sts_bg_mode
    882. spider_sts_interval
    883. spider_sts_mode
    884. spider_sts_sync
    885. spider_support_xa
    886. spider_sync_autocommit
    887. spider_sync_time_zone
    888. spider_sync_trx_isolation
    889. spider_table_crd_thread_count
    890. spider_table_init_error_interval
    891. spider_table_sts_thread_count
    892. spider_udf_ct_bulk_insert_interval
    893. spider_udf_ct_bulk_insert_rows
    894. spider_udf_ds_bulk_insert_rows
    895. spider_udf_ds_table_loop_mode
    896. spider_udf_ds_use_real_table
    897. spider_udf_table_lock_mutex_count
    898. spider_udf_table_mon_mutex_count
    899. spider_use_all_conns_snapshot
    900. spider_use_consistent_snapshot
    901. spider_use_default_database
    902. spider_use_flash_logs
    903. spider_use_handler
    904. spider_use_pushdown_udf
    905. spider_use_table_charset
    906. spider_version
    907. spider_xa_register_mode
    908. sql_auto_is_null
    909. sql_big_selects
    910. sql_big_tables
    911. sql_buffer_result
    912. sql_error_log_filename
    913. sql_error_log_rate
    914. sql_error_log_rotate
    915. sql_error_log_rotations
    916. sql_error_log_size_limit
    917. sql_log_bin
    918. sql_log_off
    919. sql_log_update
    920. sql_low_priority_updates
    921. sql_max_join_size
    922. sql_mode
    923. sql_notes
    924. sql_quote_show_create
    925. sql_safe_updates
    926. sql_select_limit
    927. sql_slave_skip_counter
    928. sql_warnings
    929. ssl_ca
    930. ssl_capath
    931. ssl_cert
    932. ssl_cipher
    933. ssl_crl
    934. ssl_crlpath
    935. ssl_key
    936. storage_engine
    937. standard_compliant_cte
    938. stored_program_cache
    939. strict_password_validation
    940. sync_binlog
    941. sync_frm
    942. sync_master_info
    943. sync_relay_log
    944. sync_relay_log_info
    945. system_time_zone
    946. system_versioning_alter_history
    947. system_versioning_asof
    948. system_versioning_innodb_algorithm_simple
    949. table_definition_cache
    950. table_lock_wait_timeout
    951. table_open_cache
    952. table_open_cache_instances
    953. table_type
    954. tcp_keepalive_interval
    955. tcp_keepalive_probes
    956. tcp_keepalive_time
    957. thread_cache_size
    958. thread_concurrency
    959. thread_handling
    960. thread_pool_idle_timeout
    961. thread_pool_max_threads
    962. thread_pool_min_threads
    963. thread_pool_oversubscribe
    964. thread_pool_prio_kickup_timer
    965. thread_pool_priority
    966. thread_pool_size
    967. thread_pool_stall_limit
    968. thread_stack
    969. time_format
    970. time_zone
    971. timed_mutexes
    972. timestamp
    973. tmp_disk_table_size
    974. tmp_memory_table_size
    975. tmp_table_size
    976. tmpdir
    977. tokudb_alter_print_error
    978. tokudb_analyze_time
    979. tokudb_block_size
    980. tokudb_bulk_fetch
    981. tokudb_cache_size
    982. tokudb_check_jemalloc
    983. tokudb_checkpoint_lock
    984. tokudb_checkpoint_on_flush_logs
    985. tokudb_checkpointing_period
    986. tokudb_cleaner_iterations
    987. tokudb_cleaner_period
    988. tokudb_commit_sync
    989. tokudb_create_index_online
    990. tokudb_data_dir
    991. tokudb_debug
    992. tokudb_directio
    993. tokudb_disable_hot_alter
    994. tokudb_disable_prefetching
    995. tokudb_disable_slow_alter
    996. tokudb_empty_scan
    997. tokudb_fs_reserve_percent
    998. tokudb_fsync_log_period
    999. tokudb_hide_default_row_format
    1000. tokudb_killed_time
    1001. tokudb_last_lock_timeout
    1002. tokudb_load_save_space
    1003. tokudb_loader_memory_size
    1004. tokudb_lock_timeout
    1005. tokudb_lock_timeout_debug
    1006. tokudb_log_dir
    1007. tokudb_max_lock_memory
    1008. tokudb_optimize_index_fraction
    1009. tokudb_optimize_index_name
    1010. tokudb_optimize_throttle
    1011. tokudb_pk_insert_mode
    1012. tokudb_prelock_empty
    1013. tokudb_read_block_size
    1014. tokudb_read_buf_size
    1015. tokudb_read_status_frequency
    1016. tokudb_row_format
    1017. tokudb_rpl_check_readonly
    1018. tokudb_rpl_lookup_rows
    1019. tokudb_rpl_lookup_rows_delay
    1020. tokudb_rpl_unique_checks
    1021. tokudb_rpl_unique_checks_delay
    1022. tokudb_support_xa
    1023. tokudb_tmp_dir
    1024. tokudb_version
    1025. tokudb_write_status_frequency
    1026. transaction_alloc_block_size
    1027. transaction_prealloc_size
    1028. tx_isolation
    1029. tx_read_only
    1030. unique_checks
    1031. updatable_views_with_limit
    1032. use_stat_tables
    1033. userstat
    1034. version
    1035. version_comment
    1036. version_compile_machine
    1037. version_compile_os
    1038. version_malloc_library
    1039. version_source_revision
    1040. version_ssl_library
    1041. wait_timeout
    1042. warning_count
    1043. wsrep_auto_increment_control
    1044. wsrep_causal_reads
    1045. wsrep_certify_nonPK
    1046. wsrep_cluster_address
    1047. wsrep_cluster_name
    1048. wsrep_convert_LOCK_to_trx
    1049. wsrep_data_home_dir
    1050. wsrep_dbug_option
    1051. wsrep_debug
    1052. wsrep_desync
    1053. wsrep_dirty_reads
    1054. wsrep_drupal_282555_workaround
    1055. wsrep_forced_binlog_format
    1056. wsrep_gtid_domain_id
    1057. wsrep_gtid_mode
    1058. wsrep_load_data_splitting
    1059. wsrep_log_conflicts
    1060. wsrep_max_ws_rows
    1061. wsrep_max_ws_size
    1062. wsrep_mysql_replication_bundle
    1063. wsrep_node_address
    1064. wsrep_node_incoming_address
    1065. wsrep_node_name
    1066. wsrep_notify_cmd
    1067. wsrep_on
    1068. wsrep_OSU_method
    1069. wsrep_provider
    1070. wsrep_provider_options
    1071. wsrep_recover
    1072. wsrep_replicate_myisam
    1073. wsrep_restart_slave
    1074. wsrep_retry_autocommit
    1075. wsrep_slave_FK_checks
    1076. wsrep_slave_threads
    1077. wsrep_slave_UK_checks
    1078. wsrep_sst_auth
    1079. wsrep_sst_donor
    1080. wsrep_sst_donor_rejects_queries
    1081. wsrep_sst_method
    1082. wsrep_sst_receive_address
    1083. wsrep_start_position
    1084. wsrep_sync_wait

About the Server System Variables

MariaDB has many system variables that can be changed to suit your needs.

The full list of server variables are listed in the contents on this page, and most are described on this page, but some are described elsewhere:

See also the Full list of MariaDB options, system and status variables.

Most of these can be set with command line options and many of them can be changed at runtime.

There are a few ways to see the full list of server system variables:

  • While in the mysql client, run:
SHOW VARIABLES;
  • From your shell, run mysqld like so:
mysqld --verbose --help

Setting Server System Variables

There are several ways to set server system variables:

  • Specify them on the command line:
shell> ./mysqld_safe --aria_group_commit="hard"
aria_group_commit = "hard"
  • Set them from the mysql client using the SET command. Only variables that are dynamic can be set at runtime in this way. Note that variables set in this way will not persist after a restart.
SET GLOBAL aria_group_commit="hard";

By convention, server variables have usually been specified with an underscore in the configuration files, and a dash on the command line. You can however specify underscores as dashes - they are interchangeable.

Variables that take a numeric size can either be specified in full, or with a suffix for easier readability. Valid suffixes are:

SuffixDescriptionValue
Kkilobytes1024
Mmegabytes10242
Ggigabytes10243
Tterabytes10244 (from MariaDB 10.3.3)
Ppetabytes10245 (from MariaDB 10.3.3)
Eexabytes10246 (from MariaDB 10.3.3)

The suffix can be upper or lower-case.

List of Server System Variables

autocommit

  • Description: If set to 1, the default, all queries are committed immediately. The LOCK IN SHARE MODE and FOR UPDATE clauses therefore have no effect. If set to 0, they are only committed upon a COMMIT statement, or rolled back with a ROLLBACK statement. If autocommit is set to 0, and then changed to 1, all open transactions are immediately committed.
  • Commandline: --autocommit[=#]
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: boolean
  • Default Value: 1

automatic_sp_privileges

  • Description: When set to 1, the default, when a stored routine is created, the creator is automatically granted permission to ALTER (which includes dropping) and to EXECUTE the routine. If set to 0, the creator is not automatically granted these privileges.
  • Commandline: --automatic-sp-privileges, --skip-automatic-sp-privileges
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: boolean
  • Default Value: 1

back_log

  • Description: Connections take a small amount of time to start, and this setting determines the number of outstanding connection requests MariaDB can have, or the size of the listen queue for incoming TCP/IP requests. Requests beyond this will be refused. Increase if you expect short bursts of connections. Cannot be set higher than the operating system limit (see the Unix listen() man page).
  • Commandline: --back-log=#
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: No
  • Type: number
  • Default Value:

basedir

  • Description: Path to the MariaDB installation directory. Other paths are usually resolved relative to this base directory.
  • Commandline: --basedir=path or -b path
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: No
  • Type: directory name

big_tables

  • Description: Old variable, which if set to 1, allows large result sets by saving all temporary sets to disk, avoiding 'table full' errors. No longer needed, as the server now handles this automatically. sql_big_tables is a synonym.
  • Commandline: --big-tables
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: boolean
  • Default Value: 0

bind_address

  • Description: By default, the MariaDB server listens for TCP/IP connections on a network socket bound to a single address, 0.0.0.0. You can specify an alternative when the server starts using this option; either a host name, an IPv4 or an IPv6 address. In Debian and Ubuntu, the default bind_address is 127.0.0.1, which binds the server to listen on localhost only. Has always been available as a mysqld option, from MariaDB 10.3.3 also available as a system variable.
  • Commandline: --bind-address=addr
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: No
  • Data Type: string
  • Valid Values: Host name, IPv4, IPv6 (>= MariaDB 5.5)
  • Introduced: MariaDB 10.3.3 (as a system variable)

bulk_insert_buffer_size

  • Description: Size in bytes of the per-thread cache tree used to speed up bulk inserts into MyISAM and Aria tables. A value of 0 disables the cache tree.
  • Commandline: --bulk-insert-buffer-size=#
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 8388608
  • Range - 32 bit: 0 to 4294967295
  • Range - 64 bit: 0 to 18446744073709547520

character_set_client

  • Description: Determines the character set for queries arriving from the client. It can be set per session by the client, although the server can be configured to ignore client requests with the --skip-character-set-client-handshake option. If the client does not request a character set, or requests a character set that the server does not support, the global value will be used. utf16, utf32 and ucs2 cannot be used as client character sets.
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: string
  • Default Value: utf8 (>= MariaDB 5.5)

character_set_connection

  • Description: Character set used for number to string conversion, as well as for literals that don't have a character set introducer.
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: string
  • Default Value: utf8 (>= MariaDB 5.5)

character_set_database

  • Description: Character set used by the default database, and set by the server whenever the default database is changed. If there's no default database, character_set_database contains the same value as character_set_server. This variable is dynamic, but should not be set manually, only by the server.
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: string
  • Default Value: latin1

character_set_filesystem

  • Description: The character set for the filesystem. Used for converting file names specified as a string literal from character_set_client to character_set_filesystem before opening the file. By default set to binary, so no conversion takes place. This could be useful for statements such as LOAD_FILE() or LOAD DATA INFILE on system where multi-byte file names are use.
  • Commandline: --character-set-filesystem=name
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: string
  • Default Value: binary

character_set_results

  • Description: Character set used for results and error messages returned to the client.
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: string
  • Default Value: utf8

character_set_server

  • Description: Default character set used by the server. See character_set_database for character sets used by the default database. Defaults may be different on some systems, see for example Differences in MariaDB in Debian.
  • Commandline: --character-set-server
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: string
  • Default Value: latin1

character_set_system

  • Description: Character set used by the server to store identifiers, always set to utf8.
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: No
  • Data Type: string
  • Default Value: utf8

character_sets_dir

  • Description: Directory where the character sets are installed.
  • Commandline: --character-sets-dir=path
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: No
  • Type: directory name

check_constraint_checks

  • Description: If set to 0, will disable constraint checks, for example when loading a table that violates some constraints that you plan to fix later.
  • Commandline: --check-constraint-checks=[0|1]
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Type: boolean
  • Default: ON
  • Introduced: MariaDB 10.2.1

collation_connection

  • Description: Collation used for the connection character set.
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: string

collation_database

  • Description: Collation used for the default database. Set by the server if the default database changes, if there is no default database the value from the collation_server variable is used. This variable is dynamic, but should not be set manually, only by the server.
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: string

collation_server

  • Description: Default collation used by the server. This is set to the default collation for a given character set automatically when character_set_server is changed, but it can also be set manually. Defaults may be different on some systems, see for example Differences in MariaDB in Debian.
  • Commandline: --collation-server=name
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: string
  • Default Value: latin1_swedish_ci

completion_type

  • Description: The transaction completion type. If set to NO_CHAIN or 0 (the default), there is no effect on commits and rollbacks. If set to CHAIN or 1, a COMMIT statement is equivalent to COMMIT AND CHAIN, while a ROLLBACK is equivalent to ROLLBACK AND CHAIN, so a new transaction starts straight away with the same isolation level as transaction that's just finished. If set to RELEASE or 2, a COMMIT statement is equivalent to COMMIT RELEASE, while a ROLLBACK is equivalent to ROLLBACK RELEASE, so the server will disconnect after the transaction completes. Note that the transaction completion type only applies to explicit commits, not implicit commits.
  • Commandline: --completion-type=name
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: enumerated (>=MariaDB/MySQL 5.5.3), numeric (<= MariaDB/MySQL 5.5.2)
  • Default Value: NO_CHAIN (>=MariaDB/MySQL 5.5.3), 0 (<= MariaDB/MySQL 5.5.2)
  • Valid Values: 0, 1, 2 (All versions), NO_CHAIN, CHAIN, RELEASE (>=MariaDB/MySQL 5.5.3)

concurrent_insert

  • Description: If set to AUTO or 1, the default, MariaDB allows concurrent INSERTs and SELECTs for MyISAM tables with no free blocks in the data. If set to NEVER or 0, concurrent inserts are disabled. If set to ALWAYS or 2, concurrent inserts are permitted for all MyISAM tables, even those with holes, in which case new rows are added at the end of a table if the table is being used by another thread. If the --skip-new option is used when starting the server, concurrent_insert is set to NEVER.
  • Commandline: --concurrent-insert[=name]
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: enumerated (>=MariaDB/MySQL 5.5.3), numeric (<= MariaDB/MySQL 5.5.2)
  • Default Value: AUTO (>=MariaDB/MySQL 5.5.3), 1 (<= MariaDB/MySQL 5.5.2)
  • Valid Values: 0, 1, 2 (All versions), AUTO, NEVER, ALWAYS (>=MariaDB/MySQL 5.5.3)
  • Documentation: concurrent-inserts
  • Notes: Changing the variable only affects new opened tables. Use FLUSH TABLES If you want it to affect also cached tables.

connect_timeout

  • Description: Time in seconds that the server waits for a connect packet before returning a 'Bad handshake'. Increasing may help if clients regularly encounter 'Lost connection to MySQL server at 'X', system error: error_number' type-errors
  • Commandline: --connect-timeout=#
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 10

datadir

  • Description: Directory where the data is stored.
  • Commandline: --datadir=path or -h path
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: No
  • Type: directory name

date_format

  • Description: Unused.

datetime_format

  • Description: Unused.

debug

  • Description: Used in debugging to write to a trace file. MariaDB needs to be configured with -SWITH_DEBUG=1 to enable this option.
  • Commandline: --debug[=debug_options]
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: string
  • Default Value: d:t:i:o,/tmp/mysqld.trace (Unix) or d:t:i:O,\mysqld.trace (Windows)

debug_no_thread_alarm

  • Description: Disable system thread alarm calls. Disabling it may be useful in debugging or testing, never do it in production.
  • Commandline: --debug-no-thead-alarm=#
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: No
  • Data Type: boolean
  • Default Value: OFF
  • Introduced: MariaDB

debug_sync

  • Description: Used in debugging to show the interface to the Debug Sync facility. MariaDB needs to be configured with -DENABLE_DEBUG_SYNC=1 for this variable to be available.
  • Scope: Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: string
  • Default Value: OFF or ON - current signal signal name

default_regex_flags

  • Description: Introduced to address remaining incompatibilities between PCRE and the old regex library. Accepts a comma-separated list of zero or more of the following values:
ValuePattern equivalentMeaning
DOTALL(?s). matches anything including NL
DUPNAMES(?J)Allow duplicate names for subpatterns
EXTENDED(?x)Ignore white space and # comments
EXTRA(?X)extra features (e.g. error on unknown escape character)
MULTILINE(?m)^ and $ match newlines within data
UNGREEDY(?U)Invert greediness of quantifiers
  • Commandline: --default-regex-flags=value
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Default Value: empty
  • Valid Values: DOTALL, DUPNAMES, EXTENDED, EXTRA, MULTILINE, UNGREEDY
  • Introduced: MariaDB 10.0.11

default_storage_engine

  • Description: The default storage engine. The default storage engine must be enabled at server startup or the server won't start.
  • Commandline: --default-storage-engine=name
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Type: enumeration
  • Default Value: InnoDB (>= MariaDB 5.5), MyISAM (<MariaDB 5.3)
  • Introduced: MariaDB 5.5 (previously storage_engine)

default_table_type

  • Description: A synonym for default_storage_engine. Removed in MariaDB 5.5.
  • Commandline: --default-table-type=name
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Removed: MariaDB/MySQL 5.5

default_tmp_storage_engine

  • Description: Default storage engine that will be used for tables created with CREATE TEMPORARY TABLE where no engine is specified. For internal temporary tables see aria_used_for_temp_tables). The storage engine used must be active or the server will not start. See default_storage_engine for the default for non-temporary tables. Defaults to NULL, in which case the value from default_storage_engine is used.
  • Commandline: --default-tmp-storage-engine=name
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: enumeration
  • Default Value: NULL
  • Introduced: MariaDB 10.1.0

default_week_format

  • Description: Default mode for the WEEK() function. See that page for details on the different modes
  • Commandline: --default-week-format=#
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 0
  • Range: 0 to 7

delay_key_write

  • Description: Specifies how MyISAM tables handles CREATE TABLE DELAY_KEY_WRITE. If set to ON, the default, any DELAY KEY WRITEs are honored. The key buffer is then flushed only when the table closes, speeding up writes. MyISAM tables should be automatically checked upon startup in this case, and --external locking should not be used, as it can lead to index corruption. If set to OFF, DELAY KEY WRITEs are ignored, while if set to ALL, all new opened tables are treated as if created with DELAY KEY WRITEs enabled.
  • Commandline: --delay-key-write[=name]
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: enumeration
  • Default Value: ON
  • Valid Values: ON, OFF, ALL

delayed_insert_limit

  • Description: After this many rows have been inserted with INSERT DELAYED, the handler will check for and execute any waiting SELECT statements.
  • Commandline: --delayed-insert-limit=#
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 100
  • Range: 1 to 4294967295

delayed_insert_timeout

  • Description: Time in seconds that the INSERT DELAYED handler will wait for INSERTs before terminating.
  • Commandline: --delayed-insert-timeout=#
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 300

delayed_queue_size

  • Description: Number of rows, per table, that can be queued when performing INSERT DELAYED statements. If the queue becomes full, clients attempting to perform INSERT DELAYED's will wait until the queue has room available again.
  • Commandline: --delayed-queue-size=#
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 1000
  • Range: 1 to 4294967295

div_precision_increment

  • Description: Number of digits to be returned after the decimal point in division operations. By default 4, so SELECT 2/15 would return 0.1333. After setting div_precision_increment to 6, for example, the same operation would return 0.133333.
  • Commandline: --div-precision-increment=#
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 4
  • Range: 0 to 30

encrypt_tmp_disk_tables

  • Description: Encrypt tmp disk tables (created as part of query execution). See Table and Tablespace Encryption.
  • Commandline: --encrypt-tmp-disk-tables[={0|1}]
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: boolean
  • Default Value: OFF
  • Introduced: 10.1.3

encrypt_tmp_files


encryption_algorithm

  • Description: Which encryption algorithm to use for table encryption. aes_cbc is the recommended one. See Table and Tablespace Encryption.
  • Commandline: --encryption-algorithm=value
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: No
  • Data Type: enum
  • Default Value: none
  • Valid Values: none, aes_ecb, aes_cbc, aes_ctr
  • Introduced: MariaDB 10.1.3
  • Removed: MariaDB 10.1.4

enforce_storage_engine

  • Description: Force the use of a particular storage engine for new tables. Used to avoid unwanted creation of tables using another engine. For example, setting to InnoDB will prevent any MyISAM tables from being created. If another engine is specified in a CREATE TABLE statement, the outcome depends on whether the NO_ENGINE_SUBSTITUTION SQL_MODE has been set or not. If set (the default from MariaDB 10.1.7), the query will fail, while if not set, a warning will be returned and the table created according to the engine specified by this variable. The variable has a session scope, but is only modifiable by a user with the SUPER privilege.
  • Commandline: None
  • Scope: Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: string
  • Default Value: none
  • Introduced: MariaDB 10.1.4

engine_condition_pushdown

  • Description: Deprecated in MariaDB 5.5 and removed and replaced by the optimizer_switch engine_condition_pushdown={on|off} flag in MariaDB 10.0.. Specifies whether the engine condition pushdown optimization is enabled. Since MariaDB 10.1.1, engine condition pushdown is enabled for all engines that support it.
  • Commandline: --engine-condition-pushdown
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: boolean
  • Default Value:
  • Deprecated: MariaDB 5.5
  • Removed: MariaDB 10.0

error_count

  • Description: Read-only variable denoting the number of errors from the most recent statement in the current session that generated errors. See SHOW_ERRORS().
  • Scope: Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: numeric

event_scheduler

  • Description: Status of the Event Scheduler. Can be set to ON or OFF, while DISABLED means it cannot be set at runtime. Setting the variable will cause a load of events if they were not loaded at startup.
  • Commandline: --event-scheduler[=value]
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: enumeration
  • Default Value: OFF
  • Valid Values: ON (or 1), OFF (or 0), DISABLED

expensive_subquery_limit

  • Description: Number of rows to be examined for a query to be considered expensive, that is, maximum number of rows a subquery may examine in order to be executed during optimization and used for constant optimization.
  • Commandline: --expensive-subquery-limit=#
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 100
  • Range: 0 upwards
  • Introduced: MariaDB 5.5.25

explicit_defaults_for_timestamp

  • Description: This option causes CREATE TABLE to create all TIMESTAMP columns as NULL with the DEFAULT NULL attribute, Without this option, TIMESTAMP columns are NOT NULL and have implicit DEFAULT clauses. The old behavior is deprecated.
  • Commandline: --explicit-defaults-for-timestamp=[={0|1}]
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: No
  • Data Type: bolean
  • Default Value: OFF
  • Introduced: MariaDB 10.1.8

external_user

  • Description: External user name set by the plugin used to authenticate the client. NULL if native MariaDB authentication is used.
  • Scope: Session
  • Dynamic: No
  • Data Type: string
  • Default Value: NULL
  • Introduced: MariaDB 5.5

flush

  • Description: Usually, MariaDB writes changes to disk after each SQL statement, and the operating system handles synchronizing (flushing) it to disk. If set to ON, the server will synchronize all changes to disk after each statement.
  • Commandline: --flush
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: boolean
  • Default Value: OFF

flush_time

  • Description: Interval in seconds that tables are closed to synchronize (flush) data to disk and free up resources. If set to 0, the default, there is no automatic synchronizing tables and closing of tables. This option should not be necessary on systems with sufficient resources.
  • Commandline: --flush_time=#
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 0

foreign_key_checks

  • Description: If set to 1 (the default) foreign key constraints (including ON UPDATE and ON DELETE behavior) InnoDB tables are checked, while if set to 0, they are not checked. 0 is not recommended for normal use, though it can be useful in situations where you know the data is consistent, but want to reload data in a different order from that that specified by parent/child relationships. Setting this variable to 1 does not retrospectively check for inconsistencies introduced while set to 0.
  • Commandline: None
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: boolean
  • Default Value: 1

ft_boolean_syntax

  • Description: List of operators supported by an IN BOOLEAN MODE full-text search. If you wish to change, note that each character must be ASCII and non-alphanumeric, the full string must be 14 characters and the first or second character must be a space. Positions 10, 13 and 14 are reserved for future extensions. Also, no duplicates are permitted except for the phrase quoting characters in positions 11 and 12, which may be the same.
  • Commandline: --ft-boolean-syntax=name
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: string
  • Default Value: + -><()*:""&|

ft_max_word_len

  • Description: Maximum length for a word to be included in the MyISAM full-text index. If this variable is changed, the full-text index must be rebuilt. The quickest way to do this is by issuing a REPAIR TABLE table_name QUICK statement. See innodb_ft_max_token_size for the InnoDB equivalent.
  • Commandline: --ft-max-word-len=#
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: No
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 84
  • Minimum Value: 10

ft_min_word_len

  • Description: Minimum length for a word to be included in the MyISAM full-text index. If this variable is changed, the full-text index must be rebuilt. The quickest way to do this is by issuing a REPAIR TABLE table_name QUICK statement. See innodb_ft_min_token_size for the InnoDB equivalent.
  • Commandline: --ft-min-word-len=#
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: No
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 4
  • Minimum Value: 1

ft_query_expansion_limit

  • Description: For full-text searches, denotes the numer of top matches when using WITH QUERY EXPANSION.
  • Commandline: --ft-query-expansion-limit=#
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: No
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 20
  • Range: 0 to 1000

ft_stopword_file

  • Description: File containing a list of stopwords for use in MyISAM full-text searches. Unless an absolute path is specified the file will be looked for in the data directory. The file is not parsed for comments, so all words found become stopwords. By default, a built-in list of words (built from storage/myisam/ft_static.c file) is used. Stopwords can be disabled by setting this variable to '' (an empty string). If this variable is changed, the full-text index must be rebuilt. The quickest way to do this is by issuing a REPAIR TABLE table_name QUICK statement. See innodb_ft_server_stopword_table for the InnoDB equivalent.
  • Commandline: --ft-stopword-file=file_name
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: No
  • Data Type: file name
  • Default Value: (built-in)

general_log

  • Description: If set to 0, the default unless the --general-log option is used, the general query log is disabled, while if set to 1, the general query log is enabled. See log_output for how log files are written. If that variable is set to NONE, no logs will be written even if general_query_log is set to 1.
  • Commandline: --general-log
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: boolean
  • Default Value: 0

general_log_file

  • Description: Name of the general query log file. If this is not specified, the name is taken from the log-basename setting or from your system hostname with .log as a suffix.
  • Commandline: --general-log-file=file_name
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: file name
  • Default Value: host_name.log

group_concat_max_len

  • Description: Maximum length in bytes of the returned result for a GROUP_CONCAT() function.
  • Commandline: --group-concat-max-len=#
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value:
  • Range - 32-bit: 4 to 4294967295
  • Range - 64-bit: 4 to 18446744073709547520

have_compress

  • Description: If the zlib compression library is accessible to the server, this will be set to YES, otherwise it will be NO. The COMPRESS() and UNCOMPRESS() functions will only be available if set to YES.
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: No

have_crypt

  • Description: If the crypt() system call is available this variable will be set to YES, otherwise it will be set to NO. If set to NO, the ENCRYPT() function cannot be used.
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: No

have_csv


have_dynamic_loading

  • Description: If the server supports dynamic loading of plugins, will be set to YES, otherwise will be set to NO.
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: No

have_geometry

  • Description: If the server supports spatial data types, will be set to YES, otherwise will be set to NO.
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: No

have_ndbcluster


have_partitioning

  • Description: If the server supports partitioning, will be set to YES, unless the --skip-partition option is used, in which case will be set to DISABLED. Will be set to NO otherwise. Removed in MariaDB 10.0 - SHOW PLUGINS should be used instead.
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: No
  • Removed: MariaDB 10.0

have_profiling

  • Description: If statement profiling is available, will be set to YES, otherwise will be set to NO. See SHOW PROFILES() and SHOW PROFILE().
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: No

have_query_cache

  • Description: If the server supports the query cache, will be set to YES, otherwise will be set to NO.
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: No

have_rtree_keys

  • Description: If RTREE indexes (used for spatial indexes) are available, will be set to YES, otherwise will be set to NO.
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: No

  • Description: If symbolic link support is enabled, will be set to YES, otherwise will be set to NO. Required for the INDEX DIRECTORY and DATA DIRECTORY table options (see CREATE TABLE) and Windows symlink support. Will be set to DISABLED if the server is started with the --skip-symbolic-links option.
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: No

histogram_size

  • Description: Number of bytes used for a histogram. If set to 0, no histograms are created by ANALYZE.
  • Commandline: --histogram-size=#
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 0
  • Range: 0 to 255
  • Introduced: MariaDB 10.0.2

histogram_type

  • Description: Specifies the type of histograms created by ANALYZE.
    • SINGLE_PREC_HB - single precision height-balanced.
    • DOUBLE_PREC_HB - double precision height-balanced.
  • Commandline: --histogram-type=value
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: enumeration
  • Default Value: SINGLE_PREC_HB
  • Valid Values: SINGLE_PREC_HB, DOUBLE_PREC_HB
  • Introduced: MariaDB 10.0.2

host_cache_size

  • Description: Number of host names that will be cached to avoid resolving. Setting to 0 disables the cache. Changing the value while the server is running causes an implicit FLUSH HOSTS, clearing the host cache and truncating the performance_schema.host_cache table. If you are connecting from a lot of different machines you should consider increasing.
  • Commandline: --host-cache-size=#.
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 128
  • Range: 0 to 65536
  • Introduced: MariaDB 10.0

hostname

  • Description: When the server starts, this variable is set to the server host name.
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: No
  • Data Type: string

identity


idle_readonly_transaction_timeout


idle_transaction_timeout


idle_write_transaction_timeout


ignore_db_dirs

  • Description: Comma-delimited list of directories in the data directory that are not considered as database directories. Set from --ignore-db-dir at startup.
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: No
  • Data Type: string
  • Introduced: MariaDB 5.5

in_transaction

  • Description: Session-only and read-only variable that is set to 1 if you are in a transaction, and 0 if not.
  • Commandline: No
  • Scope: Session
  • Dynamic: No
  • Data Type: boolean
  • Default Value: 0
  • Introduced: MariaDB 5.3

init_connect

  • Description: String containing one or more SQL statements, separated by semicolons, that will be executed by the server for each client connecting. If there's a syntax error in the one of the statements, the client will fail to connect. For this reason, the statements are not executed for users with the SUPER privilege, who can then still connect and correct the error. See also init_file.
  • Commandline: --init-connect=name
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: string

init_file

  • Description: Name of a file containing SQL statements that will be executed by the server on startup. Each statement should be on a new line, and end with a semicolon. See also init_connect.
  • Commandline: init-file=file_name
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: No
  • Data Type: file name

insert_id

  • Description: Value to be used for the next statement inserting a new AUTO_INCREMENT value.
  • Scope: Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: numeric

interactive_timeout

  • Description: Time in seconds that the server waits for an interactive connection (one that connects with the mysql_real_connect() CLIENT_INTERACTIVE option) to become active before closing it. See also wait_timeout.
  • Commandline: --interactive-timeout=#
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 28800
  • Range: (Windows): 1 to 2147483
  • Range: (Other): 1 to 31536000

join_buffer_size

  • Description: Minimum size in bytes of the buffer used for queries that cannot use an index, and instead perform a full table scan. Increase to get faster full joins when adding indexes is not possible, although be aware of memory issues, since joins will always allocate the minimum size. Best left low globally and set high in sessions that require large full joins. In 64-bit platforms, Windows truncates values above 4GB to 4GB with a warning.
  • Commandline: --join-buffer-size=#
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 262144 (256kB) (>=MariaDB 10.1.7), 131072 (128kB) (<=MariaDB 10.1.6)
  • Range (>=MariaDB/MySQL 5.5): 128 to 18446744073709547520
  • Range (<=MariaDB/MySQL 5.3, Windows): 8228 to 18446744073709547520

join_buffer_space_limit

  • Description: Maximum size in bytes of the query buffer, By default 1024*128*10. See Block-based join algorithms.
  • Commandline: --join-buffer-space-limit=#
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 2097152
  • Range: 2048 to 99999999997952
  • Introduced: MariaDB 5.3

join_cache_level

  • Description: Controls which of the eight block-based algorithms can be used for join operations. See Block-based join algorithms for more information.
    • 1 – flat (Block Nested Loop) BNL
    • 2 – incremental BNL
    • 3 – flat Block Nested Loop Hash (BNLH)
    • 4 – incremental BNLH
    • 5 – flat Batch Key Access (BKA)
    • 6 – incremental BKA
    • 7 – flat Batch Key Access Hash (BKAH)
    • 8 – incremental BKAH
  • Commandline: --join-cache-level=#
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 2
  • Range: 0 to 8
  • Introduced: MariaDB 5.3

keep_files_on_create

  • Description: If a MyISAM table is created with no DATA DIRECTORY option, the .MYD file is stored in the database directory. When set to 0, the default, if MariaDB finds another .MYD file in the database directory it will overwrite it. Setting this variable to 1 means that MariaDB will return an error instead, just as it usually does in the same situation outside of the database directory. The same applies for .MYI files and no INDEX DIRECTORY option.
  • Commandline: --keep-files-on-create=#
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: boolean
  • Default Value: OFF

language

  • Description: Language to use for the server error messages. Either just the language name, or the directory where the error messages are stored. An alternative is to use lc_messages_dir and lc_messages instead. See Setting the language for error messages.
  • Commandline: --language=name, -L
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: No
  • Data Type: directory name
  • Default Value: /usr/local/mysql/share/mysql/english/

large_files_support

  • Description: ON if the server if was compiled with large file support or not, else OFF
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: No
  • Introduced: MySQL 3.23.28

large_page_size

  • Description: Indicates the size of memory page if large page support (Linux only) is enabled. The page size is determined from the Hugepagesize setting in /proc/meminfo. See large_pages.
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: No
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: Autosized (see description)

large_pages

  • Description: Indicates whether large page support (Linux only - called huge pages) is used. This is set with --large-pages or disabled with --skip-large-pages. Large pages are used for the innodb buffer pool and for online DDL (of size 3* innodb_sort_buffer_size (or 6 when encryption is used)). To use large pages, the Linux sysctl variable kernel.shmmax must be large than the llocation. Also the sysctl variable vm.nr_hugepages multipled by large-page) must be larger than the usage. The ulimit for locked memory must be sufficient to cover the amount used (ulimit -l and equalivent in /etc/security/limits.conf / or in systemd LimitMEMLOCK). If these operating system controls or insufficient free huge pages are available, the allocation of large pages will fall back to conventional memory allocation and a warning will appear in the logs. Only allocations of the default Hugepagesize currently occur (see /proc/meminfo).
  • Commandline: --large-pages, --skip-large-pages
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: No
  • Data Type: boolean
  • Default Value: OFF

last_insert_id

  • Description: Contains the same value as that returned by LAST_INSERT_ID(). Note that setting this variable doen't update the value returned by the underlying function.
  • Scope: Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: numeric

lc_messages

  • Description: Locale to use for error messages. This will be converted to a language name and along with lc_messages_dir will produce the location for the error message file. See locales for a list of available locales and their related languages.
  • Commandline: --lc-messages=name
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: string
  • Default Value: en_us
  • Introduced: MariaDB 5.5

lc_messages_dir

  • Description: Directory where the error messages are located. Together with lc_messages will produce the location for the error message file.
  • Commandline: --lc-messages-dir=path
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: No
  • Data Type: directory name
  • Introduced: MariaDB 5.5

lc_time_names

  • Description: The locale that determines the language used for the date and time functions DAYNAME(), MONTHNAME() and DATE_FORMAT(). Locale names are language and region subtags, for example 'en_ZA' (English - South Africa) or 'es_US: Spanish - United States'. The default is always 'en-US' regardless of the system's locale setting. See server locale for a full list of supported locales.
  • Commandline: --lc-time-names=name
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: string
  • Default Value: en_US

license

  • Description: Server license, for example GPL.
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: No
  • Data Type: string

local_infile

  • Description: If set to 1, LOCAL is supported for LOAD DATA INFILE statements. If set to 0, usually for security reasons, attempts to perform a LOAD DATA LOCAL will fail with an error message.
  • Commandline: --local-infile=#
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: boolean
  • Default Value: ON

lock_wait_timeout


locked_in_memory

  • Description: Indicates whether --memlock was used to lock mysqld in memory.
  • Commandline: --memlock
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: No
  • Data Type: boolean
  • Default Value: OFF

log

  • Description: Deprecated and removed in MariaDB 10.0, use general_log instead.
  • Commandline: -l [filename] or --log[=filename]
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: string
  • Default Value: OFF
  • Deprecated: MySQL 5.1.29 and replaced by general_log
  • Removed: MariaDB 10.0

log_disabled_statements

  • Description: If set, the specified type of statements (slave or stored procedure statements) will not be logged to the general log.
  • Commandline: --log-disabled_statements=value
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: No
  • Data Type: set
  • Default Value: (empty string)
  • Valid Vales: slave and/or sp
  • Introduced: MariaDB 10.3.1

log_error

  • Description: Specifies the name of the error log. If --console is specified later in the configuration (Windows only) or this option isn't specified, errors will be logged to stderr. If no name is provided, errors will still be logged to hostname.err.
  • Commandline: --log-error[=name]
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: No
  • Data Type: file name
  • Default Value: (empty string)

log_output

  • Description: How the output for the general query log and the slow query log is stored. By default written to file (FILE), it can also be stored in the general_log and slow_log tables in the mysql database (TABLE), or not stored at all (NONE). More than one option can be chosen at the same time, with NONE taking precedence if present. Logs will not be written if logging is not enabled. See Writing logs into tables, and the slow_query_log and general_log server system variables.
  • Commandline: --log-output=name
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: set
  • Default Value: FILE
  • Valid Values: TABLE, FILE or NONE

log_queries_not_using_indexes

  • Description: Queries that don't use an index, or that perform a full index scan where the index doesn't limit the number of rows, will be logged to the slow query log (regardless of time taken). The slow query log needs to be enabled for this to have an effect.
  • Commandline: --log-queries-not-using-indexes
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: boolean
  • Default Value: OFF

log_slow_admin_statements


log_slow_disabled_statements


log_slow_filter

  • Description: Comma-delimited string containing one or more settings for filtering what is logged to the slow query log. If a query matches one of the types listed in the filter, and takes longer than long_query_time, it will be logged. Sets log-slow-admin-statements to ON. See also log_slow_disabled_statements.
    • admin log administrative queries (create, optimize, drop etc...)
    • filesort logs queries that use a filesort.
    • filesort_on_disk logs queries that perform a a filesort on disk.
    • filesort_priority_queue (from MariaDB 10.3.2)
    • full_join logs queries that perform a join without indexes.
    • full_scan logs queries that perform full table scans.
    • query_cache log queries that are resolved by the query cache .
    • query_cache_miss logs queries that are not found in the query cache.
    • tmp_table logs queries that create an implicit temporary table.
    • tmp_table_on_disk logs queries that create a temporary table on disk.
  • Commandline: log-slow-filter=value1[,value2...]
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: enumeration
  • Default Value:
    • admin, filesort, filesort_on_disk, full_join, full_scan, query_cache, query_cache_miss, tmp_table, tmp_table_on_disk (<= MariaDB 10.3.0)
    • admin, filesort, filesort_on_disk, filsort_priority_queue, full_join, full_scan, query_cache, query_cache_miss, tmp_table, tmp_table_on_disk (>= MariaDB 10.3.1)
  • Valid Values: admin, filesort, filesort_on_disk, filsort_priority_queue, full_join, full_scan, query_cache, query_cache_miss, tmp_table, tmp_table_on_disk

log_slow_queries

  • Description: Deprecated and removed in MariaDB 10.0, use slow_query_log instead.
  • Commandline: --log-slow-queries[=name]
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: boolean
  • Default Value: OFF
  • Deprecated: MySQL 5.1.29
  • Removed: MariaDB 10.0/MySQL 5.6.1

log_slow_rate_limit

  • Description: The slow query log will log every this many queries. The default is 1, or every query, while setting it to 20 would log every 20 queries, or five percent. Aims to reduce I/O usage and excessively large slow query logs. See also Slow Query Log Extended Statistics.
  • Commandline: log-slow-rate-limit=#
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 1
  • Range: 1 upwards
  • Introduced: MariaDB 5.1

log_slow_verbosity


log_tc_size

  • Description: Size in bytes of the transaction coordinator log, defined in multiples of 4096. Always available as a commandline option, but added as a variable in MariaDB 10.1.3
  • Commandline: log-tc-size=#
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: No
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 24576
  • Range: 12288 to 18446744073709551615
  • Introduced: MariaDB 10.1.3 (variable)

log_warnings

  • Description: If set to 1, the default, all critical warnings are logged to the error log. Slave servers also log status information, including the binary log and relay log co-ordinates where they start replicating from, reconnects after a disconnect and when the slave switches to a new relay-log. If set to 0, warnings are not logged. If set to a number greater than 1, aborted connections and access-denied errors are also logged. Specifically, the following are logged:
    • log_warnings >= 1
      • Events_scheduler info and warnings
      • Access denied errors
      • Connections that were forced to be closed or aborted
      • System signals
      • Wrong usage of --user
      • Failed setrlimit() and mlockall()
      • Changed limits
      • Wrong values of lower_case_table_names and stack_size
      • Wrong values for command line options
      • Start log position and some master information when starting slaves
      • Slave reconnects
      • Killed slaves
      • Error reading relay logs
      • Before MariaDB 10.0.14: Statements that were unsafe to log as statement-based (when BINLOG_FLAG_UNSAFE_STMT_PRINTED is also set)
      • Disabled plugins that one tried to enable or use
      • UDF files that didn't include the required init functions.
    • log_warnings >= 2
      • Table handler errors
      • Starting from MariaDB 10.0.14: Statements that were unsafe to log as statement-based (when BINLOG_FLAG_UNSAFE_STMT_PRINTED is also set)
    • log_warnings >= 3
      • All errors and warnings during MyISAM repair and auto recover.
    • log_warnings >=4
      • Too many connections errors.
  • Commandline: -W [level] or --log-warnings[=level]
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value:
  • Range: 0 to 4294967295

long_query_time

  • Description: If a query takes longer than this many seconds to execute (microseconds can be specified too), the Slow_queries status variable is incremented and, if enabled, the query is logged to the slow query log.
  • Commandline: --long-query-time=#
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 10.000000 >= MariaDB 10.1.13, 10 <= MariaDB 10.1.12
  • Range: 0 upwards

low_priority_updates

  • Description: If set to 1 (0 is the default), for storage engines that use only table-level locking (Aria, MyISAM, MEMORY and MERGE), all INSERTs, UPDATEs, DELETEs and LOCK TABLE WRITEs will wait until there are no more SELECTs or LOCK TABLE READs pending on the relevant tables. Set this to 1 if reads are prioritized over writes. Previously named sql_low_priority_updates, which is still a synonym.
  • Commandline: --low-priority-updates
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: boolean
  • Default Value: 0

lower_case_file_system

  • Description: Read-only variable describing whether the file system is case-sensitive. If set to OFF, file names are case-sensitive. If set to ON, they are not case-sensitive.
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: No
  • Data Type: boolean
  • Default Value: ##

lower_case_table_names

  • Description: If set to 0 (the default on Unix-based systems), table names and aliases and database names are compared in a case-sensitive manner. If set to 1 (the default on Windows), names are stored in lowercase and not compared in a case-sensitive manner. If set to 2 (the default on Mac OS X), names are stored as declared, but compared in lowercase.
  • Commandline: --lower-case-table-names[=#]
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: No
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 0 (Unix), 1 (Windows), 2 (Mac OS X)
  • Range: 0 to 2

max_allowed_packet

  • Description: Maximum size in bytes of a packet or a generated/intermediate string. The packet message buffer is initialized with the value from net_buffer_length, but can grow up to max_allowed_packet bytes. Set as large as the largest BLOB, in multiples of 1024. If this value is changed, it should be changed on the client side as well. See slave_max_allowed_packet for a specific limit for replication purposes.
  • Commandline: --max-allowed-packet=#
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value:
  • Range: 1024 to 1073741824

max_connect_errors

  • Description: Limit to the number of successive failed connects from a host before the host is blocked from making further connections. The count for a host is reset to zero if they successfully connect. To unblock, flush the host cache with a FLUSH HOSTS statement or mysqladmin flush-hosts.
  • Commandline: --max-connect-errors=#
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 100 (from MariaDB 10.0), 10 (before MariaDB 10.0)

max_connections

  • Description: The maximum number of simultaneous client connections. See also Handling Too Many Connections. Note that this value affects the number of file descriptors required on the operating system.
  • Commandline: --max-connections=#
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 151
  • Range: 1 to 100000

max_delayed_threads

  • Description: Limits to the number of INSERT DELAYED threads. Once this limit is reached, the insert is handled as if there was no DELAYED attribute. If set to 0, DELAYED is ignored entirely. The session value can only be set to 0 or to the same as the global value.
  • Commandline: --max-delayed-threads=#
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 20
  • Range: 0 to 16384

max_digest_length

  • Description: Maximum length considered for computing a statement digest, such as used by the Performance Schema and query rewrite plugins. Statements that differ after this many bytes produce the same digest, and are aggregated for statistics purposes. The variable is allocated per session. Increasing will allow longer statements to be distinguished from each other, but increase memory use, while decreasing will reduce memory use, but more statements may become indistinguishable.
  • Commandline: --max-digest-length=#
  • Scope: Global,
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 1024
  • Range: 0 to 1048576
  • Introduced: MariaDB 10.1.5

max_error_count

  • Description: Specifies the maximum number of messages stored for display by SHOW ERRORS and SHOW WARNINGS statements.
  • Commandline: --max-error-count=#
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 64
  • Range: 0 to 65535

max_heap_table_size

  • Description: Maximum size in bytes for user-created MEMORY tables. Setting the variable while the server is active has no effect on existing tables unless they are recreated or altered. The smaller of max_heap_table_size and tmp_table_size also limits internal in-memory tables. When the maximum size is reached, any further attempts to insert data will receive a "table ... is full" error. Temporary tables created with CREATE TEMPORARY will not be converted to Aria, as occurs with internal temporary tables, but will also receive a table full error.
  • Commandline: --max-heap-table-size=#
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 16777216
  • Range : 16384 to 4294966272

max_insert_delayed_threads


max_join_size

  • Description: Statements will not be performed if they are likely to need to examine more than this number of rows, row combinations or do more disk seeks. Can prevent poorly-formatted queries from taking server resources. Changing this value to anything other the default will reset sql_big_selects to 0. If sql_big_selects is set again, max_join_size will be ignored. This limit is also ignored if the query result is sitting in the query cache. Previously named sql_max_join_size, which is still a synonym.
  • Commandline: --max-join-size=#
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 18446744073709551615 (>= MariaDB/MySQL 5.5.0), 4294967295 (< MariaDB/MySQL 5.5.0)
  • Range: 1 to 18446744073709551615 (>= MariaDB/MySQL 5.5.0), 1 to 4294967295 (< MariaDB/MySQL 5.5.0)

max_length_for_sort_data

  • Description: Used to decide which algorithm to choose when sorting rows. If the total size of the column data, not including columns that are part of the sort, is less than max_length_for_sort_data, then we add these to the sort key. This can speed up the sort as we don't have to re-read the same row again later. Setting the value too high can slow things down as there will be a higher disk activity for doing the sort.
  • Commandline: --max-length-for-sort-data=#
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 1024
  • Range: 4 to 8388608

max_long_data_size


max_prepared_stmt_count

  • Description: Maximum number of prepared statements on the server. Can help prevent certain forms of denial-of-service attacks. If set to 0, no prepared statements are permitted on the server.
  • Commandline: --max-prepared-stmt-count=#
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 16382
  • Range: 0 to 4294967295 (>= MariaDB 10.3.6), 0 to 1048576 (<= MariaDB 10.3.5)

max_recursive_iterations

  • Description: Maximum number of iterations when executing recursive queries.
  • Commandline: --max-recursive-iterations=#
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 4294967295
  • Range: 0 to 4294967295
  • Introduced: MariaDB 10.2.2

max_seeks_for_key

  • Description: The optimizer assumes that the number specified here is the most key seeks required when searching with an index, regardless of the actual index cardinality. If this value is set lower than its default and maximum, indexes will tend to be preferred over table scans.
  • Commandline: --max-seeks-for-key=#
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 4294967295
  • Range: 1 to 4294967295

max_session_mem_used

  • Description: Amount of memory a single user session is allowed to allocate. This limits the value of the session variable MEM_USED.
  • Commandline: --max-session-mem-used=#
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 9223372036854775807 (8.6GB)
  • Range: 8192 to 18446744073709551615
  • Introduced: MariaDB 10.1.21

max_sort_length

  • Description: Maximum size in bytes used for sorting data values - anything exceeding this is ignored.
  • Commandline: --max-sort-length=#
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 1024
  • Range: 4 to 8388608

max_sp_recursion_depth

  • Description: Permitted number of recursive calls for a stored procedure. 0, the default, no recursion is permitted. Increasing this value increases the thread stack requirements, so you may need to increase thread_stack as well. This limit doesn't apply to stored functions.
  • Commandline: --max-sp-recursion-depth[=#]
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 0
  • Range: 0 to 255

max_statement_time


max_tmp_tables

  • Description: Unused.

max_user_connections

  • Description: Maximum simultaneous connections permitted for each user account. When set to 0, there is no per user limit. From MariaDB 5.3, setting it to -1 stops users without the SUPER privilege from connecting to the server. The session variable is always read-only and only privileged users can modify user limits. The session variable defaults to the global max_user_connections variable, unless the user's specific MAX_USER_CONNECTIONS resource option is non-zero. When both global variable and the user resource option are set, the user's MAX_USER_CONNECTIONS is used. Note: This variable does not affect users with the SUPER privilege.
  • Commandline: --max-user-connections=#
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes, (except when globally set to 0 or -1)
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 0
  • Range: -1 to 4294967295

max_write_lock_count

  • Description: Read lock requests will be permitted for processing after this many write locks. Applies only to storage engines that use table level locks (thr_lock), so no effect with InnoDB/XtraDB or Archive.
  • Commandline: --max-write-lock-count=#
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: No
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 4294967295
  • Range: 0-4294967295

metadata_locks_cache_size

  • Description: Size of the metadata locks cache, used for reducing the need to create and destroy synchronization objects. It is particularly helpful on systems where this process is inefficient, such as Windows XP.
  • Commandline: --metadata-locks-cache-size=#
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: No
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 1024
  • Range: 1 to 1048576
  • Introduced: MariaDB 5.5

metadata_locks_hash_instances

  • Description: Number of hashes used by the set of metadata locks. The metadata locks are partitioned into separate hashes in order to reduce contention.
  • Commandline: --metadata-locks-hash-instances=#
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: No
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 8
  • Range: 1 to 1024
  • Introduced: MariaDB 10.0

min_examined_row_limit

  • Description: If a query examines more than this number of rows, it is logged to the slow-query-log. If set to 0, the default, no row limit is used.
  • Commandline: --min-examined-row-limit=#
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 0
  • Range: 0-4294967295

mrr_buffer_size

  • Description: Size of buffer to use when using multi-range read with range access. See Multi Range Read optimization for more information.
  • Commandline: --mrr-buffer-size=#
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 262144
  • Range 8192 to 2147483648
  • Introduced: MariaDB 5.3

multi_range_count


mysql56_temporal_format

  • Description: If set (the default), MariaDB uses the MySQL 5.6 low level formats for TIME, DATETIME and TIMESTAMP instead of the MariaDB 5.3 version. The version MySQL introduced in 5.6 requires more storage, but potentially allows negative dates and has some advantages in replication. There should be no reason to revert to the old MariaDB 5.3 microsecond format. See also MDEV-10723.
  • Commandline: --mysql56-temporal-format
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: No
  • Data Type: boolean
  • Default Value: ON
  • Introduced: MariaDB 10.1.2

named_pipe

  • Description: On Windows systems, determines whether connections over named pipes are permitted.
  • Commandline: --enable-named-pipe
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: No
  • Data Type: boolean
  • Default Value: OFF

net_buffer_length

  • Description: The starting size, in bytes, for the connection and thread buffers for each client thread. The size can grow to max_allowed_packet. This variable's session value is read-only. Can be set to the expected length of client statements if memory is a limitation.
  • Commandline: --net-buffer-length=#
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 16384
  • Range: 1024 to 1048576

net_read_timeout

  • Description: Time in seconds the server will wait for a client connection to send more data before aborting the read. See also net_write_timeout and slave_net_timeout
  • Commandline: --net-read-timeout=#
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 30
  • Range: 1 upwards

net_retry_count

  • Description: Permit this many retries before aborting when attempting to read or write on a communication port. On FreeBSD systems should be set higher as threads are sent internal interrupts..
  • Commandline: --net-retry-count=#
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 10
  • Range: 1 to 4294967295

net_write_timeout

  • Description: Time in seconds to wait on writing a block to a connection before aborting the write. See also net_read_timeout and slave_net_timeout.
  • Commandline: --net-write-timeout=#
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 60
  • Range: 1 upwards

old

  • Description: Disabled by default, enabling it reverts index hints to those used before MySQL 5.1.17. Enabling may lead to replication errors. Being replaced by old_mode. Before MariaDB 5.5, the variable was read-only and global in scope only.
  • Commandline: --old
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: boolean
  • Default Value: OFF

old_alter_table

  • Description: If set to 1 (0 is default), MariaDB reverts to the non-optimized, pre-MySQL 5.0, method of processing ALTER TABLE statements. A temporary table is created, the data is copied over, and then the temporary table is renamed to the original.
  • Commandline: --old-alter-table
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: boolean
  • Default Value: OFF

old_mode

  • Description: Used for getting MariaDB to emulate behavior from an old version of MySQL or MariaDB. See OLD Mode. Will be used to replace the old variable over time.
  • Commandline: --old-mode
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: string
  • Default Value: (empty string)
  • Introduced: MariaDB 5.5.35
  • Valid Values: See OLD Mode for the full list.

old_passwords

  • Description: If set to 1 (0 is default), MariaDB reverts to the pre-MySQL 4.1 form of password hashing.
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: boolean
  • Default Value: OFF

open_files_limit

  • Description: The number of file descriptors available to mysqld. Increase if you are getting the Too many open files error. If set to 0, then mysqld will reserve max_connections*5 or max_connections + table_open_cache*2 (whichever is larger) number of files. Note that MariaDB cannot set this to exceed the hard limit imposed by the operating system, and you may need to change this. For example, by adding the following lines to /etc/security/limits.conf
mysql soft nofile 65535
mysql hard nofile 65535

rebooting, and then create /etc/systemd/system/mysqld.service.d/filelimit.conf or /etc/systemd/system/mariadb.service.d/filelimit.conf (corresponding to the service name).

[service]
LimitNOFILE=infinity
  • Commandline: --open-files-limit=count
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: No
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: Autosized (see description)
  • Range: 0 to 4294967295

optimizer_prune_level

  • Description: If set to 1, the default, the optimizer will use heuristics to prune less-promising partial plans from the optimizer search space. If set to 0, heuristics are disabled and an exhaustive search is performed.
  • Commandline: --optimizer-prune-level[=#]
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: boolean
  • Default Value: 1

optimizer_search_depth

  • Description: Maximum search depth by the query optimizer. Smaller values lead to less time spent on execution plans, but potentially less optimal results. If set to 0, MariaDB will automatically choose a reasonable value. Since the better results from more optimal planning usually offset the longer time spent on planning, this is set as high as possible by default. 63 is a valid value, but its effects (switching to the original find_best search) are deprecated.
  • Commandline: --optimizer-search-depth[=#]
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 62
  • Range: 0 to 63

optimizer_selectivity_sampling_limit

  • Description: Controls number of record samples to check condition selectivity
  • Commandline: optimizer-selectivity-sampling-limit[=#]
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 100
  • Range: 10 upwards
  • Introduced: MariaDB 10.0

optimizer_switch


optimizer_use_condition_selectivity

  • Description: Controls which statistics can be used by the optimizer when looking for the best query execution plan.
    • 1 Use selectivity of predicates as in MariaDB 5.5.
    • 2 Use selectivity of all range predicates supported by indexes.
    • 3 Use selectivity of all range predicates estimated without histogram.
    • 4 Use selectivity of all range predicates estimated with histogram.
    • 5 Additionally use selectivity of certain non-range predicates calculated on record sample.
  • Commandline: --optimizer-use-condition-selectivity=#
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 1
  • Range: 1 to 5
  • Introduced: MariaDB 10.0

pam_use_cleartext_plugin

  • Description: Use mysql_cleartext_plugin on the client side instead of the dialog plugin. This may be needed for compatibility reasons, but it only supports simple PAM policies that don't require anything besides a password. See PAM Authentication Plugin.
  • Commandline: <<code>>--pam-use-cleartext-plugin</code>>
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: No
  • Data Type: boolean
  • Default Value: OFF
  • Introduced: MariaDB 10.1.3 (default)

pid_file

  • Description: Full path of the process ID file.
  • Commandline: --pid-file=file_name
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: No
  • Data Type: file name

plugin_dir

  • Description: Path to the plugin directory. For security reasons, either make sure this directory can only be read by the server, or set secure_file_priv.
  • Commandline: --plugin-dir=path
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: No
  • Data Type: directory name
  • Default Value: BASEDIR/lib/plugin
  • Introduced: MariaDB 5.5

plugin_maturity

  • Description: The lowest acceptable plugin maturity. MariaDB will not load plugins less mature than that.
  • Commandline: --plugin-maturity=level
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: No
  • Type: enum
  • Default Value: One less than the server maturity (>= MariaDB 10.3.3), unknown (<= MariaDB 10.3.2)
  • Valid Values: unknown, experimental, alpha, beta, gamma, stable
  • Introduced: MariaDB 5.2.1

port

  • Description: Port to listen for TCP/IP connections. If set to 0, will default to, in order of preference, my.cnf, the MYSQL_TCP_PORT environment variable, /etc/services, built-in default (3306).
  • Commandline: --port=#, -P
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: No
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 3306
  • Range: 0 to 65535

preload_buffer_size

  • Description: Size in bytes of the buffer allocated when indexes are preloaded.
  • Commandline: --preload-buffer-size=#
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 32768
  • Range: 1024 to 1073741824

profiling

  • Description: If set to 1 (0 is default), statement profiling will be enabled. See SHOW PROFILES() and SHOW PROFILE().
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: boolean
  • Default Value: OFF

profiling_history_size

  • Description: Number of statements about which profiling information is maintained. If set to 0, no profiles are stored. See SHOW PROFILES.
  • Commandline: --profiling-history-size=#
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 15
  • Range: 0 to 100

progress_report_time


protocol_version

  • Description: The version of the client/server protocol used by the MariaDB server.
  • Commandline: None
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: No
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 10
  • Range: 0 to 4294967295

proxy_protocol_networks

  • Description: Enable proxy protocol for these source networks. The syntax is a comma separated list of IPv4 and IPv6 networks. If the network doesn't contain a mask, it is considered to be a single host. "*" represents all networks and must be the only directive on the line. String "localhost" represents non-TCP local connections (Unix domain socket, Windows named pipe or shared memory). See Proxy Protocol Support.
  • Commandline: --proxy-protocol-networks=value
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: Yes (>= MariaDB 10.3.6), No (<= MariaDB 10.3.5)
  • Data Type: string
  • Default Value: (empty)
  • Introduced: MariaDB 10.3.1

proxy_user

  • Description: Set to the proxy user account name if the current client is a proxy, else NULL.
  • Scope: Session
  • Dynamic: No
  • Data Type: string
  • Introduced: MariaDB 5.5.20

pseudo_slave_mode

  • Description: For internal use by the server.
  • Scope: Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: OFF
  • Introduced: MariaDB/MySQL 5.5.30

pseudo_thread_id

  • Description: For internal use only.
  • Scope: Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: numeric

query_alloc_block_size

  • Description: Size in bytes of the extra blocks allocated during query parsing and execution (after query_prealloc_size is used up).
  • Commandline: --query-alloc-block-size=#
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 16384 (from MariaDB 10.1.2), 8192 (before MariaDB 10.1.2)
  • Range: 1024 to 4294967295

query_cache_limit

  • Description: Size in bytes for which results larger than this are not stored in the query cache.
  • Commandline: --query-cache-limit=#
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 1048576 (1MB)
  • Range: 0 to 4294967295

query_cache_min_res_unit

  • Description: Minimum size in bytes of the blocks allocated for query cache results.
  • Commandline: --query-cache-min-res-unit=#
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 4096 (4KB)
  • Range: 0 to 4294967295

query_cache_size

  • Description: Size in bytes available to the query cache. About 40KB is needed for query cache structures, so setting a size lower than this will result in a warning. 0, the default before MariaDB 10.1.7, effectively disables the query cache. Starting from MariaDB 10.1.7, query_cache_type is automatically set to ON if the server is started with the query_cache_size set to a non-zero (and non-default) value.
  • Commandline: --query-cache-size=#
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 1M (>= MariaDB 10.1.7), 0 (<= MariaDB 10.1.6) (although frequently given a default value in some setups)
  • Valid Values: 0 upwards in units of 1024.

query_cache_strip_comments

  • Description: If set to 1 (0 is default), the server will strip any comments from the query before searching to see if it exists in the query cache. Multiple space, line feeds, tab and other white space characters will also be removed.
  • Commandline: query-cache-strip-comments
  • Scope: Session (from MariaDB 5.5.20), Global
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: boolean
  • Default Value: OFF

query_cache_type

  • Description: If set to 0, the query cache is disabled (although a buffer of query_cache_size bytes is still allocated). If set to 1 all SELECT queries will be cached unless SQL_NO_CACHE is specified. If set to 2 (or DEMAND), only queries with the SQL CACHE clause will be cached. Note that if the server is started with the query cache disabled, it cannot be enabled at runtime. Starting from MariaDB 10.1.7, query_cache_type is automatically set to ON if the server is started with the query_cache_size set to a non-zero (and non-default) value.
  • Commandline: --query-cache-type=#
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: enumeration
  • Default Value: OFF (>= MariaDB 10.1.7), ON (<= MariaDB 10.1.6)
  • Valid Values: 0 or OFF, 1 or ON, 2 or DEMAND

query_cache_wlock_invalidate

  • Description: If set to 0, the default, results present in the query cache will be returned even if there's a write lock on the table. If set to 1, the client will first have to wait for the lock to be released.
  • Commandline: --query-cache-wlock-invalidate
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: boolean
  • Default Value: OFF

query_prealloc_size

  • Description: Size in bytes of the persistent buffer for query parsing and execution, allocated on connect and freed on disconnect. Increasing may be useful if complex queries are being run, as this will reduce the need for more memory allocations during query operation. See also query_alloc_block_size.
  • Commandline: --query-prealloc-size=#
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 24576 (from MariaDB 10.1.2) 8192 (before MariaDB 10.1.2)
  • Range: 1024 to 4294967295 (from MariaDB 10.1.2), 8192 to 4294967295 (before MariaDB 10.1.2)

rand_seed1

  • Description: rand_seed1 and rand_seed2 facilitate replication of the RAND() function. The master passes the value of these to the slaves so that the random number generator is seeded in the same way, and generates the same value, on the slave as on the master. The variable value cannot be viewed.

rand_seed2


range_alloc_block_size

  • Description: Size in bytes of blocks allocated during range optimization. The unit size in 1024.
  • Commandline: --range-alloc-block-size=#
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 4096
  • Range - 32 bit: 4096 to 4294967295

read_buffer_size

  • Description: Each thread performing a sequential scan (for MyISAM, Aria and MERGE tables) allocates a buffer of this size in bytes for each table scanned. Increase if you perform many sequential scans. If not in a multiple of 4KB, will be rounded down to the nearest multiple. Also used in ORDER BY's for caching indexes in a temporary file (not temporary table), for caching results of nested queries, for bulk inserts into partitions, and to determine the memory block size of MEMORY tables.
  • Commandline: --read-buffer-size=#
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 131072
  • Range: 8200 to 2147479552

read_only

  • Description: When set to 1 (0 is default), no updates are permitted except from users with the SUPER privilege or slave servers updating from a master. The read_only variable is useful for slave servers to ensure no updates are accidentally made outside of what are performed on the master. Inserting rows to log tables, updates to temporary tables and OPTIMIZE or ANALYZE TABLE statements are excluded from this limitation. From MariaDB 5.5, if read_only is set to 1, SET PASSWORD is limited only to users with the SUPER privilege. Attempting to set this variable to 1 will fail if the current session has table locks or transactions pending, while if other sessions hold table locks, the statement will wait until these locks are released before completing. While the attempt to set read_only is waiting, other requests for table locks or transactions will also wait until read_only has been set.
  • Commandline: --read-only
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: boolean
  • Default Value: OFF

read_rnd_buffer_size

  • Description: Size in bytes of the buffer used when reading rows from a MyISAM table in sorted order after a key sort. Larger values improve ORDER BY performance, although rather increase the size by SESSION where the need arises to avoid excessive memory use.
  • Commandline: --read-rnd-buffer-size=#
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 262144
  • Range: 8200 to 2147483647

-

-

rowid_merge_buff_size

  • Description: The maximum size in bytes of the memory available to the Rowid-merge strategy. See Non-semi-join subquery optimizations for more information.
  • Commandline: --rowid-merge-buff-size=#
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 8388608
  • Range: 0 to 2147483647
  • Introduced: MariaDB 5.3.0

rpl_recovery_rank


safe_show_database

  • Description: This variable was removed in MariaDB 5.5, and has been replaced by the more flexible SHOW DATABASES privilege.
  • Commandline: --safe-show-database (until MySQL 4.1.1)
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: boolean
  • Removed: MariaDB 5.5

secure_auth

  • Description: Connections will be blocked unless clients use the current password format. Prior to MySQL 4.1 passwords used an old, less secure format.. For the mysql client, the --secure-auth option blocks connections to servers requiring the old format. The server will also fail to start if the privilege tables are in the old, pre-MySQL 4.1 format.
  • Commandline: --secure-auth
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: boolean
  • Default Value: ON (>= MariaDB 10.1.7), OFF (<= MariaDB 10.1.6)

secure_file_priv

  • Description: LOAD DATA, SELECT ... INTO and LOAD FILE() will only work with files in the specified path. If not set, the default, the statements will work with any files that can be accessed.
  • Commandline: --secure-file-priv=path
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: No
  • Data Type: path name
  • Default Value: None

session_track_schema

  • Description: Whether to track changes to the default schema within the current session.
  • Commandline: --session-track-schema={0|1}
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: boolean
  • Default Value: ON
  • Introduced: MariaDB 10.2.2

session_track_state_change

  • Description: Whether to track changes to the session state.
  • Commandline: --session-track-state-change={0|1}
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: boolean
  • Default Value: OFF
  • Introduced: MariaDB 10.2.2

session_track_system_variables

  • Description: Comma-separated list of session system variables for which to track changes. In MariaDB 10.2, by default no variables are tracked. For compatibility with MySQL defaults, this variable should be set to "autocommit, character_set_client, character_set_connection, character_set_results, time_zone" (the default from MariaDB 10.3.1). The * character tracks all session variables.
  • Commandline: --session-track-system-variables=value
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: string
  • Default Value: autocommit, character_set_client, character_set_connection, character_set_results, time_zone (>= MariaDB 10.3.1), empty string (<= MariaDB 10.3.0)
  • Introduced: MariaDB 10.2.2

session_track_transaction_info

  • Description: Track changes to the transaction attributes. OFF to disable; STATE to track just transaction state (Is there an active transaction? Does it have any data? etc.); CHARACTERISTICS to track transaction state and report all statements needed to start a transaction with the same characteristics (isolation level, read only/read write,snapshot - but not any work done / data modified within the transaction).
  • Commandline: --session-track-transaction-info=value
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: enum
  • Default Value: OFF
  • Valid Values: OFF, STATE, CHARACTERISTICS
  • Introduced: MariaDB 10.2.2

shared_memory

  • Description: Windows only, determines whether the server permits shared memory connections. See also shared_memory_base_name.
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: No

shared_memory_base_name

  • Description: Windows only, specifies the name of the shared memory to use for shared memory connection. Mainly used when running more than one instance on the same physical machine. By default the name is MYSQL and is case sensitive. See also shared_memory.
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: No
  • Data Type: string
  • Default Value: MYSQL

skip_external_locking

  • Description: If set, external locking for MyISAM tables is disabled.
  • Commandline: --skip-external-locking
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: No
  • Data Type: boolean
  • Default Value: 1

skip_name_resolve

  • Description: If set to 1 (0 is the default), only IP addresses are used for connections. Host names are not resolved. All host values in the GRANT tables must be IP addresses (or localhost).
  • Commandline: --skip-name-resolve
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: No
  • Data Type: boolean
  • Default Value: 0

skip_networking

  • Description: If set to 1, (0 is the default), the server does not listen for TCP/IP connections. All interaction with the server by be through socket files (Unix) or named pipes or shared memory (Windows). It's recommended to use this option if only local clients are permitted to connect to the server. Enabling this option also prevents a server from functioning as a replication client.
  • Commandline: --skip-networking
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: No
  • Data Type: boolean
  • Default Value: 0

skip_show_database

  • Description: If set to 1, (0 is the default), only users with the SHOW DATABASES privilege can use the SHOW DATABASES statement to see all database names.
  • Commandline: --skip-show-database
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: No
  • Data Type: boolean
  • Default Value: 0

slow_launch_time

  • Description: Time in seconds. If a thread takes longer than this to launch, the slow_launch_threads server status variable is incremented.
  • Commandline: --slow-launch-time=#
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 2

slow_query_log

  • Description: If set to 0, the default unless the --slow-query-log option is used, the slow query log is disabled, while if set to 1 (both global and session variables), the slow query log is enabled. MariaDB 10.1 added support for session variables.
  • Commandline: --slow-query-log
  • Scope: Global, Session (MariaDB 10.1)
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: boolean
  • Default Value: 0
  • See also: See log_output to see how log files are written. If that variable is set to NONE, no logs will be written even if slow_query_log is set to 1.

slow_query_log_file

  • Description: Name of the slow query log file.
  • Commandline: --slow-query-log-file=file_name
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: file name
  • Default Value: host_name-slow.log

socket

  • Description: On Unix-like systems, this is the name of the socket file used for local client connections, by default /tmp/mysql.sock, often changed by the distribution, for example /var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock. On Windows, this is the name of the named pipe used for local client connections, by default MySQL. On Windows, this is not case-sensitive.
  • Commandline: --socket=name
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: No
  • Data Type: file name
  • Default Value: /tmp/mysql.sock (Unix), MySQL (Windows)

sort_buffer_size

  • Description: Each session performing a sort allocates a buffer with this amount of memory. Not specific to any storage engine. If the status variable sort_merge_passes is too high, you may need to look at improving your query indexes, or increasing this. Consider reducing where there are many small sorts, such as OLTP, and increasing where needed by session. 16k is a suggested minimum.
  • Commandline: --sort-buffer-size=#
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: number
  • Default Value: 2M (2097152) (some distributions increase the default)

sql_auto_is_null

  • Description: If set to 1, the query SELECT * FROM table_name WHERE auto_increment_column IS NULL will return an auto-increment that has just been successfully inserted, the same as the LAST_INSERT_ID() function. Some ODBC programs make use of this IS NULL comparison.
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: boolean
  • Default Value: 0 (>= MariaDB/MySQL 5.5.3), 1 (MariaDB/MySQL <= 5.5.2)

sql_big_selects

  • Description: If set to 0, MariaDB will not perform large SELECTs. See max_join_size for details. If max_join_size is set to anything but DEFAULT, sql_big_selects is automatically set to 0. If sql_big_selects is again set, max_join_size will be ignored.
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: boolean
  • Default Value: 1

sql_big_tables


sql_buffer_result

  • Description: If set to 1 (0 is default), results from SELECT statements are always placed into temporary tables. This can help the server when it takes a long time to send the results to the client by allowing the table locks to be freed early.
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: boolean
  • Default Value: 0

sql_log_off

  • Description: If set to 1 (0 is the default), no logging to the general query log is done for the client. Only clients with the SUPER privilege can update this variable.
  • Scope: Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: boolean
  • Default Value: 0

sql_log_update

  • Description: Removed. Use sql_log_bin instead.
  • Removed: MariaDB/MySQL 5.5

sql_low_priority_updates


sql_max_join_size


sql_mode

  • Description: Sets the SQL Mode. Multiple modes can be set, separated by a comma.
  • Commandline: --sql-mode=value[,value[,value...]]
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: string
  • Default Value:
  • Valid Values: See SQL Mode for the full list.

sql_notes

  • Description: If set to 1, the default, warning_count is incremented each time a Note warning is encountered. If set to 0, Note warnings are not recorded. mysqldump has outputs to set this variable to 0 so that no unnecessary increments occur when data is reloaded.
  • Commandline: None
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: boolean
  • Default Value: 1

sql_quote_show_create

  • Description: If set to 1, the default, the server will quote identifiers for SHOW CREATE DATABASE, SHOW CREATE TABLE and SHOW CREATE VIEW statements. Quoting is disabled if set to 0. Enable to ensure replications works when identifiers require quoting.
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: boolean
  • Default Value: 1

sql_safe_updates

  • Description: If set to 1, UPDATEs and DELETEs need either a key in the WHERE clause, or a LIMIT clause, or else they will aborted. Prevents the common mistake of accidentally deleting or updating every row in a table.
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: boolean
  • Default Value: OFF (0)

sql_select_limit

  • Description: Maximum number of rows that can be returned from a SELECT query. Default is the maximum number of rows permitted per table by the server, usually 232-1 or 264-1. Can be restored to the default value after being changed by assigning it a value of DEFAULT.
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 0

sql_warnings

  • Description: If set to 1, single-row INSERTs will produce a string containing warning information if a warning occurs.
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: boolean
  • Default Value: OFF (0)

storage_engine


standard_compliant_cte

  • Description: Allow only standard-compliant common table expressions. Prior to version 10.2.4, this variable was named standards_compliant_cte.
  • Commandline: --standard-compliant-cte={0|1}
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: boolean
  • Default Value: ON
  • Introduced: MariaDB 10.2.2

stored_program_cache

  • Description: Limit to the number of stored routines held in the stored procedures and stored functions caches. Each time a stored routine is executed, this limit is first checked, and if the number held in the cache exceeds this, that cache is flushed and memory freed.
  • Commandline: --stored-program-cache=#
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 256
  • Range: 256 to 524288
  • Introduced: MariaDB/MySQL 5.5.21

strict_password_validation

  • Description: When password validation plugins are enabled, reject passwords that cannot be validated (passwords specified as a hash). This excludes direct updates to the privilege tables.
  • Commandline: --strict-password-validation
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: boolean
  • Default Value: ON
  • Introduced: MariaDB 10.1.2

sync_frm

  • Description: If set to 1, the default, each time a non-temporary table is created, its .frm definition file is synced to disk. Fractionally slower, but safer in case of a crash.
  • Commandline: --sync-frm
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: boolean
  • Default Value: TRUE

system_time_zone

  • Description: Server system time zone, inherited from the machine setting when the server starts. Usually specified by the TZ environment variable, can also be specified by the --timezone option of the mysqld_safe script, or affected by the environment of the account starting the server. Not the same as the time_zone system variable, which is used for client time zones.
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: No
  • Data Type: string

table_definition_cache

  • Description: Number of table definitions that can be cached. Table definitions are taken from the .frm files, and if there are a large number of tables increasing the cache size can speed up table opening. Unlike the table_open_cache, as the table_definition_cache doesn't use file descriptors, and is much smaller.
  • Commandline: --table-definition-cache=#
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 400
  • Range: 400 to 524288

table_lock_wait_timeout

  • Description: Unused, and removed in MariaDB/MySQL 5.5.3
  • Commandline: --table-lock-wait-timeout=#
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 50
  • Range: 1 to 1073741824
  • Removed: MariaDB/MySQL 5.5.3

table_open_cache

  • Description: Maximum number of open tables cached in one table cache instance. See Optimizing table_open_cache for suggestions on optimizing. Increasing table_open_cache increases the number of file descriptors required.
  • Commandline: --table-open-cache=#
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 2000 (>= MariaDB 10.1.7), 400 (<= MariaDB 10.1.6)
  • Range: 1 to 1048576 (1024K) (>= MariaDB 10.1.20), 1 to 524288 (512K) (<= MariaDB 10.1.19)

table_open_cache_instances

  • Description: From MariaDB 10.2.2, specifies the maximum number of table cache instances. This is different to the MySQL version which specifies the number of table cache instances. The MariaDB implementation is more efficient, and always starts with 1 instance, increasing the number up to the maximum when there's contention. Whenever an instance is activated a note is written to error log, for example Detected table cache mutex contention at instance 1: 25% waits. Additional table cache instance activated. Number of instances after activation: 2. The number of instances does not decrease again. The current default value (8) is expected to handle up to 100 CPU cores - beyond this, the setting should be increased. Until MariaDB 10.0.7, this was an unused MySQL 5.6 compatibility option, as MariaDB achieved similar results in a different way (see MDEV-4702).
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: No
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 8 (>= MariaDB 10.2.2), 1 (<= MariaDB 10.0.7)
  • Range:
  • Introduced: MariaDB 10.2.2 (previously in MariaDB 10.0.4)
  • Removed: MariaDB 10.0.7, reintroduced MariaDB 10.2.2

table_type


tcp_keepalive_interval

  • Description: The interval, in seconds, between when successive keep-alive packets are sent if no acknowledgement is received. If set to 0, the system dependent default is used.
  • Commandline: --tcp-keepalive-interval=#
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 0
  • Range: 0 to 2147483
  • Introduced: MariaDB 10.3.3

tcp_keepalive_probes

  • Description: The number of unacknowledged probes to send before considering the connection dead and notifying the application layer. If set to 0, a system dependent default is used.
  • Commandline: --tcp-keepalive-probes=#
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 0
  • Range: 0 to 2147483
  • Introduced: MariaDB 10.3.3

tcp_keepalive_time

  • Description: Timeout, in milliseconds, with no activity until the first TCP keep-alive packet is sent. If set to 0, a system dependent default is used.
  • Commandline: --tcp-keepalive-time=#
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 0
  • Range: 0 to 2147483
  • Introduced: MariaDB 10.3.3

thread_cache_size

  • Description: Number of threads server caches for re-use. If this limit hasn't been reached, when a client disconnects, its threads are put into the cache, and re-used where possible. These are freed after 5 minutes of idle time. Normally this setting has little effect, as the other aspects of the thread implementation are more important, but increasing it can help servers with high volumes of connections per second so that most can use a cached, rather than a new, thread. The cache miss rate can be calculated as the server status variables threads_created/connections. If the thread pool is active, thread_cache_size is ignored. From MariaDB 10.2.0, the default is automatically set to the smaller of either 256, or the max_connections size.
  • Commandline: --thread-cache-size=#
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 0 (<= MariaDB 10.1), Auto (from MariaDB 10.2.0)
  • Range: 0 to 16384

thread_concurrency

  • Description: Allows applications to give the system a hint about the desired number of threads. Specific to Solaris only, invokes thr_setconcurrency(). Deprecated and has no effect in MariaDB 5.5.
  • Commandline: --thread-concurrency=#
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: No
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 10
  • Range: 1 to 512
  • Deprecated: MariaDB 5.5

thread_stack

  • Description: Stack size for each thread. If set too small, limits recursion depth of stored procedures and complexity of SQL statements the server can handle in memory. Also affects limits in the crash-me test.
  • Commandline: --thread-stack=#
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: No
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value:
  • Range: 131072 to 18446744073709551615

time_format

  • Description: Unused.

time_zone

  • Description: The current time zone, used to initialize the time zone for a client when it connects. Set to SYSTEM by default, in which the client uses the system time zone value.
  • Commandline: --default-time-zone=string
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: string
  • Default Value: SYSTEM

timed_mutexes

  • Description: Determines whether InnoDB mutexes are timed. OFF, the default, disables mutex timing, while ON enables it. See also SHOW ENGINE for more on mutex statistics. Deprecated in MariaDB 5.5.39, as has no effect anymore.
  • Commandline: --timed-mutexes
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: boolean
  • Default Value: OFF
  • Deprecated: MariaDB 5.5.39

timestamp

  • Description: Sets the time for the client. This will affect the result returned by the NOW() function, not the SYSDATE() function, unless the server is started with the --sysdate-is-now option, in which case SYSDATE becomes an alias of NOW, and will also be affected. Also used to get the original timestamp when restoring rows from the binary log.
  • Scope: Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Valid Values: timestamp_value (Unix epoch timestamp, not MariaDB timestamp), DEFAULT

tmp_disk_table_size

  • Description: Max size for data for an internal temporary on-disk MyISAM or Aria table. These tables are created as part of complex queries when the result doesn't fit into the memory engine. You can set this variable if you want to limit the size of temporary tables created in your temporary directory tmpdir.
  • Commandline: --tmp-disk-table-size=#
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 18446744073709551615 (max unsigned integer, no limit)
  • Range: 1024 to 18446744073709551615
  • Introduced: MariaDB 10.2.7

tmp_memory_table_size


tmp_table_size

  • Description: The largest size for temporary tables in memory (not MEMORY tables) although if max_heap_table_size is smaller the lower limit will apply. If a table exceeds the limit, MariaDB converts it to a MyISAM or Aria table. You can see if it's necessary to increase by comparing the status variables Created_tmp_disk_tables and Created_tmp_tables to see how many temporary tables out of the total created needed to be converted to disk. Often complex GROUP BY queries are responsible for exceeding the limit. Defaults may be different on some systems, see for example Differences in MariaDB in Debian. From MariaDB 10.2.7, tmp_memory_table_size is an alias.
  • Commandline: --tmp-table-size=#
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 16777216 (16MB)
  • Range: 1024 to 4294967295

tmpdir

  • Description: Directory for storing temporary tables and files. Can specify a list (separated by semicolons in Windows, and colons in Unix that will then be used in round-robin fashion. This can be used for load balancing across several disks. Note that if the server is a replication slave, and slave_load_tmpdir, which overrides tmpdir for slave replication, is not set, you should not set tmpdir to a directory that is cleared when the machine restarts, or else replication may fail.
  • Commandline: --tmpdir=path or -t path
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: No
  • Type: directory name/s

transaction_alloc_block_size

  • Description: Size in bytes to increase the memory pool available to each transaction when the available pool is not large enough. See transaction_prealloc_size.
  • Commandline: --transaction-alloc-block-size=#
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 8192
  • Range: 1024 to 4294967295
  • Block Size: 1024

transaction_prealloc_size

  • Description: Initial size of a memory pool available to each transaction for various memory allocations. If the memory pool is not large enough for an allocation, it is increased by transaction_alloc_block_size bytes, and truncated back to transaction_prealloc_size bytes when the transaction is completed. If set large enough to contain all statements in a transaction, extra malloc() calls are avoided.
  • Commandline: --transaction-prealloc-size=#
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 4096
  • Range: 1024 to 4294967295
  • Block Size: 1024

tx_isolation

  • Description: The transaction isolation level. See also SET TRANSACTION ISOLATION LEVEL.
  • Commandline: --transaction-isolation=name
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Type: enumeration
  • Default Value: REPEATABLE-READ
  • Valid Values: READ-UNCOMMITTED, READ-COMMITTED, REPEATABLE-READ, SERIALIZABLE

tx_read_only

  • Description: Default transaction access mode. If set to OFF, the default, access is read/write. If set to ON, access is read-only. The SET TRANSACTION statement can also change the value of this variable. See SET TRANSACTION and START TRANSACTION.
  • Commandline: --transaction-read-only=#
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Type: boolean
  • Default Value: OFF-READ
  • Introduced: MariaDB 10.0

unique_checks

  • Description: If set to 1, the default, secondary indexes in InnoDB tables are performed. If set to 0, storage engines can (but are not required to) assume that duplicate keys are not present in input data. Set to 0 to speed up imports of large tables to InnoDB. The storage engine will still issue a duplicate key error if it detects one, even if set to 0.
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Type: boolean
  • Default Value: 1

updatable_views_with_limit

  • Description: Determines whether view updates can be made with an UPDATE or DELETE statement with a LIMIT clause if the view does not contain all primary or not null unique key columns from the underlying table. 0 prohibits this, while 1 permits it while issuing a warning (the default).
  • Commandline: --updatable-views-with-limit=#
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Type: boolean
  • Default Value: 1

use_stat_tables

  • Description: Controls the use of engine-independent table statistics.
    • never The optimizer will not use data from statistics tables.
    • complementary The optimizer uses data from statistics tables if the same kind of data is not provided by the storage engine.
    • preferably Prefer the data from statistics tables, if it's not available there, use the data from the storage engine.
  • Commandline: --use-stat-tables=mode
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: enum
  • Default Value: never
  • Introduced: MariaDB 10.0.1

userstat

  • Description: If set to 1, user statistics will be activated.
  • Commandline: --userstat=1
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Data Type: boolean
  • Default Value: OFF
  • Introduced: MariaDB 5.2.0

version

  • Description: Server version number. It may also include a suffix with configuration or build information. -debug indicates debugging support was enabled on the server, and -log indicates at least one of the binary log, general log or slow query log are enabled, for example 10.0.1-MariaDB-mariadb1precise-log. From MariaDB 10.2.1, this variable can be set at startup in order to fake the server version.
  • Commandline: -V, --version[=name] (>= MariaDB 10.2.1), --version (<= MariaDB 10.2.0)
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: No
  • Type: string

version_comment

  • Description: Value of the COMPILATION_COMMENT option specified by CMake when building MariaDB, for example mariadb.org binary distribution.
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: No
  • Type: string

version_compile_machine

  • Description: The machine type or architecture MariaDB was built on, for example i686.
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: No
  • Type: string

version_compile_os

  • Description: Operating system that MariaDB was built on, for example debian-linux-gnu.
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: No
  • Type: string

version_malloc_library

  • Description: Version of the used malloc library.
  • Commandline: No
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: No
  • Type: string
  • Introduced: MariaDB 10.0.8

version_source_revision

  • Description: Source control revision id for MariaDB source code, enabling one to see exactly which version of the source was used for a build.
  • Commandline: None
  • Scope: Global
  • Dynamic: No
  • Type: string
  • Introduced: MariaDB 10.3.2

wait_timeout

  • Description: Time in seconds that the server waits for a connection to become active before closing it. The session value is initialized when a thread starts up from either the global value, if the connection is non-interactive, or from the interactive_timeout value, if the connection is interactive.
  • Commandline: --wait-timeout=#
  • Scope: Global, Session
  • Dynamic: Yes
  • Type: numeric
  • Default Value: 28800
  • Range: (Windows): 1 to 2147483
  • Range: (Other): 1 to 31536000

warning_count

  • Description: Read-only variable indicating the number of warnings, errors and notes resulting from the most recent statement that generated messages. See SHOW WARNINGS for more. Note warnings will only be recorded if sql_notes is true (the default).
  • Scope: Session
  • Dynamic: No
  • Type: numeric

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