INTO TABLE tbl_name
    [CHARACTER SET charset_name]
        [TERMINATED BY 'string']
        [[OPTIONALLY] ENCLOSED BY 'char']
        [ESCAPED BY 'char']
        [STARTING BY 'string']
        [TERMINATED BY 'string']
    [IGNORE number {LINES|ROWS}]
    [SET col_name = expr,...]


LOAD DATA INFILE is unsafe for statement-based replication.

Reads rows from a text file into the designated table on the database at a very high speed. The file name must be given as a literal string.

Files are written to disk using the SELECT INTO OUTFILE statement. You can then read the files back into a table using the LOAD DATA INFILE statement. The FIELDS and LINES clauses are the same in both statements and by default fields are expected to be terminated with tabs (\t) and lines with newlines (\n). These clauses are optional, but if both are specified then the FIELDS clause must precede LINES.

Executing this statement activates INSERT triggers.

One must have the FILE privilege to be able to execute LOAD DATA INFILE. This is to ensure normal users cannot read system files. LOAD DATA LOCAL INFILE does not have this requirement.

If the secure_file_priv system variable is set (by default it is not), the loaded file must be present in the specified directory.

Note that MariaDB's systemd unit file restricts access to /home, /root, and /run/user by default. See Configuring access to home directories.


When you execute the LOAD DATA INFILE statement, MariaDB Server attempts to read the input file from its own file system. By contrast, when you execute the LOAD DATA LOCAL INFILE statement, the client attempts to read the input file from its file system, and it sends the contents of the input file to the MariaDB Server. This allows you to load files from the client's local file system into the database.

If you don't want to permit this operation (perhaps for security reasons), you can disable the LOAD DATA LOCAL INFILE statement on either the server or the client.

  • The LOAD DATA LOCAL INFILE statement can be disabled on the server by setting the local_infile system variable to 0.
  • The LOAD DATA LOCAL INFILE statement can be disabled on the client. If you are using MariaDB Connector/C, this can be done by unsetting the CLIENT_LOCAL_FILES capability flag with the mysql_real_connect function or by unsetting the MYSQL_OPT_LOCAL_INFILE option with mysql_optionsv function. If you are using a different client or client library, then see the documentation for your specific client or client library to determine how it handles the LOAD DATA LOCAL INFILE statement.

If the LOAD DATA LOCAL INFILE statement is disabled by either the server or the client and if the user attempts to execute it, then the server will cause the statement to fail with the following error message:

The used command is not allowed with this MariaDB version

Note that it is not entirely accurate to say that the MariaDB version does not support the command. It would be more accurate to say that the MariaDB configuration does not support the command. See MDEV-20500 for more information.

From MariaDB 10.5.2, the error message is more accurate:

The used command is not allowed because the MariaDB server or client 
  has disabled the local infile capability


If you load data from a file into a table that already contains data and has a primary key, you may encounter issues where the statement attempts to insert a row with a primary key that already exists. When this happens, the statement fails with Error 1064, protecting the data already on the table. If you want MariaDB to overwrite duplicates, use the REPLACE keyword.

The REPLACE keyword works like the REPLACE statement. Here, the statement attempts to load the data from the file. If the row does not exist, it adds it to the table. If the row contains an existing primary key, it replaces the table data. That is, in the event of a conflict, it assumes the file contains the desired row.

This operation can cause a degradation in load speed by a factor of 20 or more if the part that has already been loaded is larger than the capacity of the InnoDB Buffer Pool. This happens because it causes a lot of turnaround in the buffer pool.

Use the IGNORE keyword when you want to skip any rows that contain a conflicting primary key. Here, the statement attempts to load the data from the file. If the row does not exist, it adds it to the table. If the row contains an existing primary key, it ignores the addition request and moves on to the next. That is, in the event of a conflict, it assumes the table contains the desired row.


The IGNORE number LINES syntax can be used to ignore a number of rows from the beginning of the file. Most often this is needed when the file starts with one row that includes the column headings.


When the statement opens the file, it attempts to read the contents using the default character-set, as defined by the character_set_database system variable.

In the cases where the file was written using a character-set other than the default, you can specify the character-set to use with the CHARACTER SET clause in the statement. It ignores character-sets specified by the SET NAMES statement and by the character_set_client system variable. Setting the CHARACTER SET clause to a value of binary indicates "no conversion."

The statement interprets all fields in the file as having the same character-set, regardless of the column data type. To properly interpret file contents, you must ensure that it was written with the correct character-set. If you write a data file with mariadb-dump -T or with the SELECT INTO OUTFILE statement with the mariadb client, be sure to use the --default-character-set option, so that the output is written with the desired character-set.

When using mixed character sets, use the CHARACTER SET clause in both SELECT INTO OUTFILE and LOAD DATA INFILE to ensure that MariaDB correctly interprets the escape sequences.

The character_set_filesystem system variable controls the interpretation of the filename.

It is currently not possible to load data files that use the ucs2 character set.

Preprocessing Inputs

col_name_or_user_var can be a column name, or a user variable. In the case of a variable, the SET statement can be used to preprocess the value before loading into the table.

Priority and Concurrency

In storage engines that perform table-level locking (MyISAM, MEMORY and MERGE), using the LOW_PRIORITY keyword, MariaDB delays insertions until no other clients are reading from the table. Alternatively, when using the MyISAM storage engine, you can use the CONCURRENT keyword to perform concurrent insertion.

The LOW_PRIORITY and CONCURRENT keywords are mutually exclusive. They cannot be used in the same statement.

Progress Reporting

The LOAD DATA INFILE statement supports progress reporting. You may find this useful when dealing with long-running operations. Using another client you can issue a SHOW PROCESSLIST query to check the progress of the data load.

Using mariadb-import

MariaDB ships with a separate utility for loading data from files: mariadb-import (or mysqlimport before MariaDB 10.5). It operates by sending LOAD DATA INFILE statements to the server.

Using mariadb-import you can compress the file using the --compress option, to get better performance over slow networks, providing both the client and server support the compressed protocol. Use the --local option to load from the local file system.


In cases where the storage engine supports ALTER TABLE... DISABLE KEYS statements (MyISAM and Aria), the LOAD DATA INFILE statement automatically disables indexes during the execution.


You have a file with this content (note the the separator is ',', not tab, which is the default):

CREATE TABLE t1 (a int, b int, c int, d int, PRIMARY KEY (a));
 '/tmp/loaddata7.dat' INTO TABLE t1 FIELDS TERMINATED BY ',' (a,b) SET c=a+b;
| a    | b    | c    |
|    2 |    2 |    4 |
|    3 |    3 |    6 |
|    4 |    4 |    8 |
|    5 |    5 |   10 |
|    6 |    8 |   14 |

Another example, given the following data (the separator is a tab):

1       a
2       b

The value of the first column is doubled before loading:

LOAD DATA INFILE 'ld.txt' INTO TABLE ld (@i,v) SET i=@i*2;

| i    | v    |
|    2 | a    |
|    4 | b    |

See Also


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