int mysql_stmt_prepare(MYSQL_STMT * stmt, const char * query, unsigned long length);
stmt- a statement handle, which was previously allocated by mysql_stmt_init().
query- SQL statement
length- length of SQL statement
Prepares the SQL query pointed to by the null-terminated string query. Returns zero on success, non-zero on failure.
The parameter markers must be bound to application variables using mysql_stmt_bind_param().
The markers are legal only in certain places in SQL statements. For example, they are allowed in the VALUES() list of an INSERT statement (to specify column values for a row), or in a comparison with a column in a WHERE clause to specify a comparison value.
However, they are not allowed for identifiers (such as table or column names), in the select list that names the columns to be returned by a SELECT statement), or to specify both operands of a binary operator such as the = (equal) sign. The latter restriction is necessary because it would be impossible to determine the parameter type. In general, parameters are legal only in Data Manipulation Language (DML) statements, and not in Data Definition Language (DDL) statements.