What is a correct method to create a database from scratch in Windows and/or Linux OS for MariaDB 10.1?

When using MariaDB 5.5 in either Linux or Microsoft Windows environments, I always followed the following procedure when installing a newer version in the same branch (eg. 5.5.50 to 5.5.51):

- Dump all databases - Dump the user and grant tables from mysql databases - Stop the database (eg. version 5.5.50) - Upgrade the database (eg. version 5.5.51) - Replace the provided my.ini or my.cnf file with my custom one - Import the user and grant table into mysql database - Restart the database - Execute mysql_upgrade to upgrade any necessary tables - Import all previously backed up databases - Done

This procedure worked fine when I wanted to change the size of log and ibdata files.

So, I thought it's time to upgrade to version 10.1. At the time of this post, version 10.1.19 is the latest stable. I downloaded it and tried to following the previous steps as I describe above. The procedure fails, because three new tables are stored inside the ibdata file and I cannot delete the file now. If I do so, when I run mysql_upgrade the procedure fails because it cannot find tables gtid_slave_pos, innodb_index_stats and innodb_table_stats.

So after all this introduction, the big question is:

What is the "correct" procedure to install a new database data folder from scratch in MariaDB 10.1?

Answer Answered by Ian Gilfillan in this comment.

You don't need to re-import all of your data everytime you do an upgrade. You can just leave the data as is and upgrade, run mysql_upgrade, and everything should work

The correct procedures (from 5.5 to 10.1) are described at Upgrading from MariaDB 5.5 to MariaDB 10.0 and Upgrading from MariaDB 10.0 to 10.1.


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