Table Partitioning Use Cases with MariaDB Xpand


Xpand's distributed database architecture automatically handles many use cases for which legacy RDBMS applications required table partitions.

Here are some typical scenarios for partitioned tables and see if and how they are handled by Xpand.

When to use Partitioned tables with Xpand

Purging old data

Partitioned tables are often used to expedite loading, purging, or archiving of dated information. For example, one might partition a table by month and drop the oldest month's data at the beginning of each new month.

With Xpand, dropping partitions is more efficient than deleting data. EXCHANGE PARTITION can be used to roll archive data to a historical table.

When Partitioned tables are no longer needed

Since Xpand automatically slices and distributes data across the cluster and automatically applies parallelism, many use cases that require partitions for on legacy systems are not required or recommended with Xpand.

Legacy usage of partitioned tables (other RDBMS)

Why this is unnecessary in Xpand

For better query performance from partition elimination or partition pruning.

Only partitions that contain potential matching values for a query are accessed.

Xpand distributes data and indexes into slices and uses slices to ensure that only relevant data is accessed.

Table partitioning provides no additional query performance benefit for Xpand.

Table partitioning to utilize multiple disks.

Large tables can be spread across multiple partitions over multiple disks to reduce disk contention.

Xpand automatically distributes data slices across multiple nodes of the cluster using its Rebalancer. The Rebalancer automatically arranges data throughout the cluster to lessen disk contention.

Explicit table partitioning is not required to utilize multiple disks and does not provide any improvement to disk utilization.

Partitioning tables to provide parallel execution.

Xpand leverages distributed data slices and distributed query fragments for parallel execution on multiple nodes.

Partitioning tables within Xpand will provide no additional parallelism.

Table partitioning to expedite data management.

Processes such as table indexing, backups, restores, etc. are streamlined when performed on subsets of partitioned tables.